Sir Thomas Rolt (c.1631–1710)was a British official of the East India Company, President of Surat and Governor of Bombay from 1677 to 1681. His father was Edward Rolt of Pertenhall in Bedfordshire; his mother was Edward Rolt's second wife Mary, a daughter of Sir Oliver Cromwell.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, Company Bahadur, or simply The Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company. It was formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region, initially with Mughal India and the East Indies, and later with Qing China. The company ended up seizing control over large parts of the Indian subcontinent, colonised parts of Southeast Asia, and colonised Hong Kong after a war with Qing China.
Pertenhall is a small village and civil parish located in Bedfordshire, close to the borders of Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Its parish council is a Quality Parish Council. It has recently published its Parish Plan which is available on the website
Bedfordshire is a county in the East of England. It is a ceremonial county and a historic county, covered by three unitary authorities: Bedford, Central Bedfordshire, and Luton.
Rolt began his career at the Surat factory of the Company, and was a writer from 1658. He moved to Persia where he was the local chief, agent on the Persian Gulf from 1671 to 1677.During his period as President of Surat, the Company ordered him to cut back expenditure. Rolt pursued a policy that aimed to be even-handed with respect to the Marathas and the Siddis of Gujarat, which brought him criticism from Richard Keigwin.
The Persian Gulf, is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia. The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest. The Shatt al-Arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline.
In 1682 Rolt returned to England with a fortune.He bought the manor of Sacombe in Hertfordshire in 1688, from Sir John Gore. A memorial to Rolt was placed in the vestry of Sacombe Church, who died in 1710, and his wife who died in 1716.
Sacombe is a village and civil parish and East Hertfordshire district, of Hertfordshire, England. At the 2001 census it had a population of 165. Sacombe is located about 4 miles N N W of Ware; other nearby settlements include Dane End and Sacombe Green.
Hertfordshire is one of the home counties in England. It is bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region.
Rolt married Mary, daughter of Thomas Coxe. Edward Rolt the Member of Parliament was their son.Their daughter Constantia married John Kyrle Ernle. The marriage also made Rolt stepfather of Samuel Rolt, another Member of Parliament, and the son of Thomas Rolt of Milton Ernest.
Thomas Coxe (1615–1685) was an English physician. He studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge graduating with a BA in 1635 and MA in 1638.
The East India Company College, or East India College, was an educational establishment situated at Hailey, Hertfordshire, nineteen miles north of London founded in 1806 to train "writers" (administrators) for the Honourable East India Company (HEIC). It provided general and vocational education for young gentlemen of sixteen to eighteen years old, who were nominated by the Company's directors to writerships in its overseas civil service.
The Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, or Lady Usher of the Black Rod, generally shortened to Black Rod, is an official in the parliaments of several Commonwealth countries. The position originates in the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Sir Josiah Child, 1st Baronet,, was an English merchant and politician. He was an economist proponent of mercantilism and governor of the East India Company.
Spye Park is a 90.3 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Wiltshire, notified in 1951. The historic house which stood there, near the great Roman road from London to Bath, had been twice destroyed by fire, most recently in 1974. The new owner, as of 2005, was planning to rebuild a Palladian house.
Rolt is a surname, and may refer to:
The High Sheriff of Hertfordshire was an ancient Sheriff title originating in the time of the Angles, not long after the invasion of the Kingdom of England, which was in existence for around a thousand years. On 1 April 1974, under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, the title of Sheriff of Hertfordshire was retitled High Sheriff of Hertfordshire. The High Shrievalties are the oldest secular titles under the Crown in England and Wales, their purpose being to represent the monarch at a local level, historically in the shires.
Events from the year 1712 in Great Britain.
Events from the year 1663 in England.
Events from the 1600s in England. This decade marks the end of the Elizabethan era with the beginning of the Jacobean era and the Stuart period.
Events from the 1610s in England.
There have been four baronetcies created for persons with the surname Willoughby, three in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of Great Britain. One creation is extant as of 2008.
Sir Edward Littleton was an administrator of the English East India Company. He served as President of Bengal in the early eighteenth century.
The Bayntun-Rolt Baronetcy, of Spye Park in the County of Wiltshire, was a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain. It was created on 7 July 1762 for Edward Bayntun-Rolt, for many years Member of Parliament for Chippenham. He was born Edward Rolt, the grandson of Sir Thomas Rolt and Anne Bayntun, daughter of Henry Bayntun, of Spye Park, Calne, Wiltshire. In 1717 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Bayntun after inheriting the estates of his great-uncle, John Bayntun. He was succeeded by his only legitimate son, the second Baronet. He sat as Member of Parliament for Weobly. He had no surviving male issue and the title became extinct on his death in 1816.
The English overseas possessions, also known as the English colonial empire, comprised a variety of overseas territories that were colonised, conquered, or otherwise acquired by the former Kingdom of England during the centuries before the Acts of Union of 1707 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain. The many English possessions then became the foundation of the British Empire and its fast-growing naval and mercantile power, which until then had yet to overtake those of the Dutch Republic, the Kingdom of Portugal, and the Kingdom of Spain.
Joseph Pease (1772–1846) was an English Quaker activist. Among a number of reforming interests, he became best known in the context of the British India Society.
Christopher William Puller (1807–1864), from 1857 Christopher William Giles Puller, was an English barrister and politician.
Henry Dawkins II was a Jamaican plantation owner and Member of the Parliament of Great Britain (MP).
Timothy Caswall (c.1733–1802) was a British Army officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1761 and 1789.
Sir Edward Bayntun-Rolt, 1st Baronet (1710–1800) was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons for 43 years from 1737 to 1780. His election in 1741 was instrumental in the downfall of Sir Robert Walpole’s premiership.