Thomas Rolt

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Sir Thomas Rolt (c.1631–1710) [1] [2] was a British official of the East India Company, President of Surat and Governor of Bombay from 1677 to 1681. [3] [4] His father was Edward Rolt of Pertenhall in Bedfordshire; his mother was Edward Rolt's second wife Mary, a daughter of Sir Oliver Cromwell. [5] [6]

East India Company 16th through 19th-century British trading company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), or the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Company Bahadur, or simply The Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company. It was formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region, initially with Mughal India and the East Indies, and later with Qing China. The company ended up seizing control over large parts of the Indian subcontinent, colonised parts of Southeast Asia, and colonised Hong Kong after a war with Qing China.

Pertenhall farm village in the United Kingdom

Pertenhall is a small village and civil parish located in Bedfordshire, close to the borders of Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Its parish council is a Quality Parish Council. It has recently published its Parish Plan which is available on the website

Bedfordshire County of England

Bedfordshire is a county in the East of England. It is a ceremonial county and a historic county, covered by three unitary authorities: Bedford, Central Bedfordshire, and Luton.

Rolt began his career at the Surat factory of the Company, and was a writer from 1658. He moved to Persia where he was the local chief, agent on the Persian Gulf from 1671 to 1677. [6] [7] [8] During his period as President of Surat, the Company ordered him to cut back expenditure. [9] Rolt pursued a policy that aimed to be even-handed with respect to the Marathas and the Siddis of Gujarat, which brought him criticism from Richard Keigwin. [10]

Persian Gulf An arm of the Indian Ocean in western Asia

The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia. The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest. The Shatt al-Arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline.

Captain Richard Keigwin was a rebel governor of Bombay in 1683-84 during the East India Company's charter over Bombay. He was never recognized in this position by the Company. He acted as governor of Bombay with the support of the militia, whose salaries had been cut by the Governor, Joshua Child. He was also supported by the population at large who welcomed the withdrawal of trade monopolies during this period.

In 1682 Rolt returned to England with a fortune. [6] He bought the manor of Sacombe in Hertfordshire in 1688, from Sir John Gore. A memorial to Rolt was placed in the vestry of Sacombe Church, who died in 1710, and his wife who died in 1716. [11]

Sacombe village in the United Kingdom

Sacombe is a village and civil parish and East Hertfordshire district, of Hertfordshire, England. At the 2001 census it had a population of 165. Sacombe is located about 4 miles N N W of Ware; other nearby settlements include Dane End and Sacombe Green.

Hertfordshire County of England

Hertfordshire is one of the home counties in southern England. It is bordered by Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire to the north, Essex to the east, Greater London to the south, and Buckinghamshire to the west. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region.


Edward and Constantia Rolt Edward and Constantia Rolt.jpg
Edward and Constantia Rolt

Rolt married Mary, daughter of Thomas Coxe. Edward Rolt the Member of Parliament was their son. [6] Their daughter Constantia married John Kyrle Ernle. [12] The marriage also made Rolt stepfather of Samuel Rolt, another Member of Parliament, and the son of Thomas Rolt of Milton Ernest. [13]

Thomas Coxe (1615–1685) was an English physician. He studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge graduating with a BA in 1635 and MA in 1638.

Edward Rolt British Member of Parliament (died 1722)

Edward Rolt of Sacombe Park, Hertfordshire, Harrowby Hall, Lincolnshire and Spye Park, near Chippenham, Wiltshire.was a British landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from1713 to 1722.


  1. Hugh C. Prince (2008). Parks in Hertfordshire Since 1500. Univ of Hertfordshire Press. p. 60. ISBN   978-0-9542189-9-7 . Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  2. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Colonial administrators and post-independence leaders in India (1616–2000).
  3. George Bradshaw (1864). Bradshaw's Illustrated Hand-Book to the Madras Presidency, and the Central Provinces of India ... Illustrated with splendid maps, etc. W. J. Adams. p. 5. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  4. Great Britain. India Office (1819). The India List and India Office List for ... Harrison and Sons. p. 125. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  5. "Rolt, Edward (RLT607E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Eveline Cruickshanks; D. W. Hayton; Stuart Handley (1 January 2002). The House of Commons, 1690-1715. Cambridge University Press. p. 297. ISBN   978-0-521-77221-1 . Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  7. Anne Rowe (2007). Hertfordshire Garden History: A Miscellany. Univ of Hertfordshire Press. p. 52. ISBN   978-1-905313-38-9 . Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  8. Paul John Rich (2009). Creating the Arabian Gulf: The British Raj and the Invasions of the Gulf. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 1183. ISBN   978-0-7391-2705-6 . Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  9. Watson, I. B. "Child, Sir John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5289.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  10. Philip J. Stern Andrew W. Mellon Assistant Professor of History Duke University (25 March 2011). The Company-State : Corporate Sovereignty and the Early Modern Foundations of the British Empire in India: Corporate Sovereignty and the Early Modern Foundations of the British Empire in India. Oxford University Press. p. 63. ISBN   978-0-19-987518-4 . Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  11. William Page (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Sacombe". A History of the County of Hertford: volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 8 August 2013.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  12. John Burke; Sir Bernard Burke (1844). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland. J. R. Smith. p. 296. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  13. Members Constituencies Parliaments Surveys. "Rolt, Samuel (c.1671-1717), of Epsom, Surr". Retrieved 8 August 2014.

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