Sir Thomas Rolt (c.1631–1710)was a British official of the East India Company, President of Surat and Governor of Bombay from 1677 to 1681. His father was Edward Rolt of Pertenhall in Bedfordshire; his mother was Edward Rolt's second wife Mary, a daughter of Sir Oliver Cromwell.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), or the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Company Bahadur, or simply The Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company. It was formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region, initially with Mughal India and the East Indies, and later with Qing China. The company ended up seizing control over large parts of the Indian subcontinent, colonised parts of Southeast Asia, and colonised Hong Kong after a war with Qing China.
Pertenhall is a small village and civil parish located in Bedfordshire, close to the borders of Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Its parish council is a Quality Parish Council. It has recently published its Parish Plan which is available on the website
Bedfordshire is a county in the East of England. It is a ceremonial county and a historic county, covered by three unitary authorities: Bedford, Central Bedfordshire, and Luton.
Rolt began his career at the Surat factory of the Company, and was a writer from 1658. He moved to Persia where he was the local chief, agent on the Persian Gulf from 1671 to 1677.During his period as President of Surat, the Company ordered him to cut back expenditure. Rolt pursued a policy that aimed to be even-handed with respect to the Marathas and the Siddis of Gujarat, which brought him criticism from Richard Keigwin.
The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia. The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest. The Shatt al-Arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline.
Captain Richard Keigwin was a rebel governor of Bombay in 1683-84 during the East India Company's charter over Bombay. He was never recognized in this position by the Company. He acted as governor of Bombay with the support of the militia, whose salaries had been cut by the Governor, Joshua Child. He was also supported by the population at large who welcomed the withdrawal of trade monopolies during this period.
In 1682 Rolt returned to England with a fortune.He bought the manor of Sacombe in Hertfordshire in 1688, from Sir John Gore. A memorial to Rolt was placed in the vestry of Sacombe Church, who died in 1710, and his wife who died in 1716.
Sacombe is a village and civil parish and East Hertfordshire district, of Hertfordshire, England. At the 2001 census it had a population of 165. Sacombe is located about 4 miles N N W of Ware; other nearby settlements include Dane End and Sacombe Green.
Hertfordshire is one of the home counties in southern England. It is bordered by Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire to the north, Essex to the east, Greater London to the south, and Buckinghamshire to the west. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region.
Rolt married Mary, daughter of Thomas Coxe. Edward Rolt the Member of Parliament was their son.Their daughter Constantia married John Kyrle Ernle. The marriage also made Rolt stepfather of Samuel Rolt, another Member of Parliament, and the son of Thomas Rolt of Milton Ernest.
Thomas Coxe (1615–1685) was an English physician. He studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge graduating with a BA in 1635 and MA in 1638.
Edward Rolt of Sacombe Park, Hertfordshire, Harrowby Hall, Lincolnshire and Spye Park, near Chippenham, Wiltshire.was a British landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from1713 to 1722.
Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl of Minto, PC, FRSE, known as Sir Gilbert Elliott between 1777 and 1797 and as The Lord Minto between 1797 and 1813, was a Scottish diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1776 and 1795. He was viceroy of the short-lived Anglo-Corsican Kingdom from 1793 to 1796 and went on to become Governor-General of India between 1807 and 1813.
Dudley North, 4th Baron North, KB of Kirtling Tower, Cambridgeshire was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1628 and 1660.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Norris was a Royal Navy officer and Whig politician. After serving as a junior officer during the Nine Years' War and the Williamite War in Ireland, he was given command of a squadron sent to North America to protect British settlements on the banks of Hudson Bay in 1697. Although he developed a plan to recapture some territories in Newfoundland and Labrador taken by French forces the previous winter, he was prevented from implementing that plan when the local council overruled him.
Sir John Tyrrell lord of the manor of Heron in the parish of East Horndon, Essex, was Knight of the Shire for Essex, Speaker of the House of Commons, and Treasurer of the Royal Household.
Spye Park is a 90.3 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Wiltshire, notified in 1951. The historic house which stood there, near the great Roman road from London to Bath, had been twice destroyed by fire, most recently in 1974. The new owner, as of 2005, was planning to rebuild a Palladian house.
Rolt is a surname, and may refer to:
The High Sheriff of Hertfordshire was an ancient Sheriff title originating in the time of the Angles, not long after the invasion of the Kingdom of England, which was in existence for around a thousand years. On 1 April 1974, under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, the title of Sheriff of Hertfordshire was retitled High Sheriff of Hertfordshire. The High Shrievalties are the oldest secular titles under the Crown in England and Wales, their purpose being to represent the monarch at a local level, historically in the shires.
Events from the year 1712 in Great Britain.
Sir John Jennings was a Royal Navy officer and Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1705 and 1734. He commanded HMS Kent at Cadiz and Vigo in 1702 during the War of the Spanish Succession. He went on to be Commander-in-Chief of the Jamaica Station, then Senior Naval Lord and finally Governor of Greenwich Hospital.
Sir Edward Littleton was an administrator of the English East India Company. He served as President of Bengal in the early eighteenth century.
Sir John Pakington, 4th Baronet (1671–1727) of Westwood, near Droitwich, Worcestershire was an English Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1690 and 1727.
The Bayntun-Rolt Baronetcy, of Spye Park in the County of Wiltshire, was a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain. It was created on 7 July 1762 for Edward Bayntun-Rolt, for many years Member of Parliament for Chippenham. He was born Edward Rolt, the grandson of Sir Thomas Rolt and Anne Bayntun, daughter of Henry Bayntun, of Spye Park, Calne, Wiltshire. In 1717 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Bayntun after inheriting the estates of his great-uncle, John Bayntun. He was succeeded by his only legitimate son, the second Baronet. He sat as Member of Parliament for Weobly. He had no surviving male issue and the title became extinct on his death in 1816.
Joseph Pease (1772–1846) was an English Quaker activist. Among a number of reforming interests, he became best known in the context of the British India Society.
Sir William Dunkin was an Irish barrister and judge in Bengal.
Christopher William Puller (1807–1864), from 1857 Christopher William Giles Puller, was an English barrister and politician.
Sir Edward Bayntun-Rolt, 1st Baronet (1710–1800) was a British landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons for 43 years from 1737 to 1780. His election in 1741 was instrumental in the downfall of Sir Robert Walpole’s premiership.
Sir Henry Peachey, 1st Baronet , of New Grove, Petworth, Sussex, was a British landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons in three periods between 1701 and 1737.
Sir Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Baronet (c.1655–1710), of Walcot, Charlbury, Oxfordshire. and Hawkesbury, Gloucestershire was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1689 to 1710.