Thomas Roscoe (Liverpool 23 June 1791 – 24 September 1871 London) was an English author and translator.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017. Its metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the UK, with a population of 2.24 million in 2011. The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region.
London is the capital and largest city of the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.
The fifth son of William Roscoe, he was born at Toxteth Park, Liverpool in 1791, and educated by Dr. W. Shepherd and by Mr. Lloyd, a private tutor.
William Roscoe was an English historian, leading abolitionist, art collector, M.P. (briefly), lawyer, banker, botanist and miscellaneous writer, perhaps best known today as an early abolitionist and for his poem for children The Butterfly's Ball, and the Grasshopper's Feast.
Toxteth is an inner city area of Liverpool, England. Historically in Lancashire, now in Merseyside. Toxteth is located to the south of the city centre; Toxteth is bordered by Liverpool City Centre, Edge Hill, The Dingle and Aigburth.
Soon after his father's financial troubles in 1816, which led to bankruptcy, Roscoe began to write in local magazines and journals, and he continued to follow literature as a profession. He died at age 80, on 24 September 1871, at Acacia Road, St. John's Wood, London.
Roscoe's major original works were:
George Dodgson Callow (1829–1875) was an English painter who specialized in landscapes and maritime water color painting.
William Radclyffe was an English engraver and painter.
Edward Radclyffe (1809–1863) was a British engraver, known from his illustrations of Thomas Roscoe's The London & Birmingham railway from 1839 in cooperation with George Dodgson Callow.
Roscoe's translations were:
Benvenuto Cellini was an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, soldier, musician, and artist who also wrote a famous autobiography and poetry.
Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi, whose real name was Simonde, was a historian and political economist, who is best known for his works on French and Italian history, and his economic ideas. His Nouveaux principes d'économie politique, ou de la richesse dans ses rapports avec la population (1819) represents the first liberal critique of early capitalism and laissez-faire economics. He was one of the pioneering advocates of unemployment insurance, sickness benefits, a progressive tax, regulation of working hours, and a pension scheme. He was also the first to coin the term proletariat to refer to the working class created under capitalism, and his discussion of mieux value anticipates the Marxist concept of surplus value. According to Gareth Stedman Jones, "much of what Sismondi wrote became part of the standard repertoire of socialist criticism of modern industry."
Luigi Lanzi was an Italian art historian and archaeologist. When he died he was buried in the church of the Santa Croce at Florence by the side of Michelangelo.
Roscoe edited The Juvenile Keepsake, 1828–30; The Novelists' Library, with Biographical and Critical Notices, 1831–3, 17 vols.; the works of Henry Fielding, Tobias Smollett, and Jonathan Swift (1840–9, 3 vols.), and new issues of his father's Lorenzo de' Medici and Leo the Tenth.
Henry Fielding was an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich, earthy humour and satirical prowess, and as the author of the picaresque novel Tom Jones. Additionally, he holds a significant place in the history of law enforcement, having used his authority as a magistrate to found what some have called London's first police force, the Bow Street Runners. His younger sister, Sarah, also became a successful writer.
Tobias George Smollett was a Scottish poet and author. He was best known for his picaresque novels, such as The Adventures of Roderick Random (1748) and The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle (1751), and The Expedition of Humphry Clinker (1771), which influenced later novelists including Charles Dickens. His novels were amended liberally by printers; a definitive edition of each of his works was edited by Dr O. M. Brack, Jr, to correct variants.
Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer, poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.
Roscoe married, or cohabited with, Elizabeth Edwards, and had seven children, including Jane Elizabeth St John, writer and wife of Horace Stebbing Roscoe St John.
Frances Sheridan was an Anglo-Irish novelist and playwright.
Thomas Wright was an English antiquarian and writer.
George Payne Rainsford James, was an English novelist and historical writer, the son of a physician in London. He was for many years British Consul at various places in the United States and on the Continent. He held the honorary office of British Historiographer Royal during the last years of William IV's reign.
Vicesimus Knox (1752–1821) was an English essayist, headmaster and Anglican priest.
Patrick Fraser Tytler FRSE FSA(Scot) was a Scottish advocate and historian. He was described as the "Episcopalian historian of a Presbyterian country".
Silvio Pellico was an Italian writer, poet, dramatist and patriot active in the Italian unification.
Stephen Weston was an English antiquarian, clergyman and man of letters.
Edward Howard was an English novelist and sub-editor of The Metropolitan Magazine. He then worked for New Monthly Magazine. His most successful books were Sir Henry Morgan and Rattlin the Reefer.
Thomas Thomson FRSE FSA Scot was a Scottish advocate, antiquarian and archivist who served as Principal Clerk of Session (1828–1852) and as secretary of the literary section of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1812–20).
John Weale was an English publisher of popular scientific, architectural, engineering and educational works.
Edgar Taylor (1793–1839) was a British solicitor and author of legal, historical, literary works and translations. He was the first translator of Kinder- und Hausmärchen published in 1812 by the Brothers Grimm, into English, as German Popular Stories in 1823. In 1826 he translated the second volume (1814) of the Kinder- und Hausmärchen.
Richard Thomson (1794–1865) was an English librarian and antiquary.
Henry Stebbing FRS (1799–1883) was an English cleric and man of letters, known as a poet, preacher, and historian. He worked as a literary editor, of books and periodicals.
William Johnson Neale (1812–1893), whose full name was William Johnstoun Nelson Neale, was an English barrister and novelist.
Thomas Raffles (1788–1863) was an English Congregational minister, known as a dominant nonconformist figure at the Great George Street Congregational Church in Liverpool, and as an abolitionist and historian.
William Caldwell Roscoe (1823–1859) was an English journalist and poet.
Craufurd Tait Ramage (1803–1878) was a Scottish travel writer and anthologist.
Weeden Butler, the elder (1742–1823) was an English cleric and writer.
Peter Hall (1803–1849) was an English cleric and topographer. He was a prolific writer and editor, but most of his works have been considered slight.