Thomas Rudyard

Last updated

Thomas Rudyard
1st Deputy Governor of East New Jersey
In office
1682–1683
Governor Robert Barclay
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded by Gawen Lawrie
1st Secretary and Chief Register of East New Jersey
In office
1682–1685
Governor Robert Barclay
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded by James Emott
Attorney General of New York
In office
1684 December, 1685
Governor Thomas Dongan
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded by James Graham
Personal details
Born c 1640
Rudyard, Staffordshire, England
Died 2 November 1692
St. Michael, Barbados
Spouse(s) Alice Boscowen, Hannah Beaumont
Children Anne Rudyard, Margaret Rudyard, Benjamin Rudyard, Bridget Rudyard, John Rudyard
Occupation Lawyer

Thomas Rudyard (1640 – buried 2 November 1692) was a deputy governor of East Jersey.

East Jersey English possession in North America between 1674 and 1702

The Province of East Jersey, along with the Province of West Jersey, between 1674 and 1702 in accordance with the Quintipartite Deed were two distinct political divisions of the Province of New Jersey, which became the U.S. state of New Jersey. The two provinces were amalgamated in 1702. East Jersey's capital was located at Perth Amboy. Determination of an exact location for a border between West Jersey and East Jersey was often a matter of dispute.

Contents

Biography

Born at Abbey Farm, Rudyard, Staffordshire, he was one of many proprietors of New Jersey, owning half of a share of West Jersey property. [1]

Rudyard is a lakeside village in the county of Staffordshire, England, west of Leek and on the shore of Rudyard Lake. Population details as taken at the 2011 census can be found under Horton.

West Jersey English possession in North America between 1674 and 1702

West Jersey and East Jersey were two distinct parts of the Province of New Jersey. The political division existed for 28 years, between 1674 and 1702. Determination of an exact location for a border between West Jersey and East Jersey was often a matter of dispute.

Later a resident of Lombard Street, London, he was appointed Deputy Governor of East New Jersey as well as Secretary and Chief Register on 16 September 1682. As Governor Robert Barclay was an absentee official who never actually visited East New Jersey, Rudyard was the de facto governor. It was during Rudyard's tenure that the four counties of Bergen, Essex, Middlesex and Monmouth were established. [2]

Lombard Street, London street in the City of London

Lombard Street is a street notable for its connections with the City of London's merchant, banking and insurance industries, stretching back to medieval times.

Robert Barclay was a Scottish Quaker, one of the most eminent writers belonging to the Religious Society of Friends and a member of the Clan Barclay. He was also governor of the East Jersey colony in North America through most of the 1680s, although he himself never resided in the colony.

Bergen County, New Jersey County in the United States

Bergen County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 948,406, an increase of 4.8% from the 2010 United States Census, which in turn represented an increase of 20,998 (2.4%) from the 884,118 counted in the 2000 Census. Located in the northeastern corner of New Jersey and its Gateway Region, Bergen County is part of the New York City Metropolitan Area and is directly across the Hudson River from Manhattan, to which it is connected by the George Washington Bridge.

Rudyard and Surveyor General Samuel Groom soon had a policy disagreement on the granting of land. Groom believed in adhering to the Concession and Agreement of John Lord Berkekey and Sir George Carteret, which stated that one seventh part of all land allotments was to be reserved to the Lords Proprietors. Rudyard disagreed with this policy and he and the Council appointed Philip Wells as Deputy Surveyor, thereby circumventing Groom's authority. The Proprietors in England disapproved of Rudyard and Wells' actions, voiding all grants not surveyed by Groom. Rudyard and the Council replied that they would continue granting land as they had been doing, as the majority of Proprietors were not living in East Jersey. The Proprietors then, on 27 July 1683, appointed Gawen Lawrie deputy Governor, replacing Rudyard. [3] Rudyard remained in office as Secretary and Register until 1685. [4]

Concession and Agreement was a 1664 document that provided religious freedom in the colony of New Jersey. It was issued as a proclamation for the structure of the government for the colony written in 1664 by the two proprietors, Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. The document promised religious freedom to all inhabitants of New Jersey, and also declared that the proprietors would be in charge of appointing the provincial governors. The first such governor to be appointed was Philip Carteret.

John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton English Peer and soldier

John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton was an English royalist soldier, politician and diplomat, of the Bruton branch of the Berkeley family. From 1648 he was closely associated with James, Duke of York, and rose to prominence, fortune, and fame. He and Sir George Carteret were the founders of the Province of New Jersey, a British colony in North America that would eventually become the U.S. state of New Jersey.

George Carteret British Royalist politician and colonial proprietor of New Jersey

Vice Admiral Sir George Carteret, 1st Baronet, son of Elias de Carteret, was a royalist statesman in Jersey and England, who served in the Clarendon Ministry as Treasurer of the Navy. He was also one of the original Lords Proprietor of the former British colony of Carolina and New Jersey. Carteret, New Jersey, as well as Carteret County, North Carolina, both in the United States, are named after him. He acquired the manor of Haynes, Bedfordshire in about 1667.

Thomas Rudyard's land dealings resurfaced when, on 28 February 1684/5, he received a grant of 1,038 acres (420.065 ha) on Raritan Bay in Monmouth County. This land is now Cliffwood and Cliffwood Beach in Aberdeen Township. This resulted in Governor Barclay and the Proprietors issuing instructions to Deputy Governor Lawrie on the laying out of land. Section 7 directly addressed the questionable activity of Rudyard and Lawrie himself in their taking up of land. [5] On 5 November 1685 Rudyard sold the land in question to his son in law, Samuel Winder, who on 17 June 1686 sold to Andrew Bowne.

Raritan Bay The southern portion of Lower New York Bay between the U.S. states of New York and New Jersey

Raritan Bay is a bay located at the southern portion of Lower New York Bay between the U.S. states of New York and New Jersey and is part of the New York Bight. The bay is bounded on the northwest by New York's Staten Island, on the west by Perth Amboy, New Jersey, on the south by the Raritan Bayshore communities of Monmouth County, New Jersey, and on the east by Sandy Hook Bay. The bay is named after the Raritans, a branch of the Lenape tribe who lived in the vicinity of the bay for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Dutch colonists in the 17th century.

Cliffwood, New Jersey Unincorporated community in New Jersey, United States

Cliffwood is an unincorporated community located within Aberdeen Township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. The area is served as United States Postal Service ZIP code 07721.

Cliffwood Beach, New Jersey Census-designated place in New Jersey, United States

Cliffwood Beach is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Aberdeen Township, in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP's population was 17,011. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP's population was 3,194.

Rudyard's political activity was not limited to East New Jersey, for in 1684 Gov. Thomas Dongan of New York appointed him Attorney General there. He was replaced as Attorney General in December 1685 by James Graham. [6]

Thomas Dongan, 2nd Earl of Limerick Irish officer in the English Army, Governor of New York

Thomas Dongan, 2nd Earl of Limerick, was a member of the Irish Parliament, Royalist military officer during the English Civil War, and Governor of the Province of New York. He is noted for having called the first representative legislature in New York, and for granting the province's Charter of Liberties.

In 1685 Thomas Rudyard left East New Jersey for Barbados, [7] where he died in 1692.

Sources

Related Research Articles

Aberdeen Township, New Jersey Township in New Jersey

Aberdeen Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 18,210, reflecting an increase of 756 (+4.3%) from the 17,454 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 416 (+2.4%) from the 17,038 counted in the 1990 Census.

A lord proprietor is a person granted a royal charter for the establishment and government of an English colony in the 17th century. The plural of the term is "lords proprietors" or "lords proprietary".

Philip Carteret; French: Philippe de Carteret; 1639–1682) was the first Governor of New Jersey, from 1665 to 1673 and governor of East New Jersey from 1674 to 1682.

Quintipartite Deed

The Quintipartite Deed was a legal document that split the Province of New Jersey, dividing it into the Province of West Jersey and the Province of East Jersey from 1674 until 1702.

Gawen Lawrie was a deputy governor of the American province of East Jersey from 1683 to 1686.

Samuel Jennings or Samuel Jenings was born in England and died in Burlington, New Jersey, in 1708.

Thomas Olive was a deputy-governor of West Jersey from 1684–1685.

The Frame of Government of Pennsylvania was a proto-constitution for the Province of Pennsylvania, a proprietary colony granted to William Penn by Charles II of England. The Frame of Government has lasting historical importance as an important step in the development of American and world democracy.

Lord Neill Campbell was a Scottish nobleman who served as Deputy Governor of East New Jersey during 1686, succeeding Gawen Lawrie.

New York – New Jersey Line War

The New York – New Jersey Line War was a series of skirmishes and raids that took place for over half a century between 1701 and 1765 at the disputed border between two American colonies, the Province of New York and the Province of New Jersey.

A tenth was a geographic division used in the former American Province of West Jersey, to divide a larger region into smaller administrative divisions. Despite seemingly related names, tenths are not directly related to hundreds, other than both being administrative divisions.

Captain Andrew Bowne was an American colonial politician and jurist, who served in various capacities in both New York and New Jersey.

John Skene was the third deputy governor of West Jersey, part of the American Province of New Jersey, serving from October 1684 to April 1692.

East New Jersey Provincial Council

The East New Jersey Provincial Council or Governor's Council was the upper house of the East New Jersey Legislature under proprietary rule until the surrender of the right of government to The Crown, and Queen Anne's acceptance.

Eliakim Wardell was an early settler of Monmouth County, New Jersey, and served as that county's first sheriff.

John Barclay (c.1650–1731) was a Scottish Quaker, younger brother of Robert Barclay and a member of Clan Barclay. He held several government positions the East Jersey colony in North America and was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1704 to 1706.

Sir Benjamin Bathurst was a British politician, a Governor of the East India and Levant companies and a Cofferer of the Royal Household.

References

  1. The Proprietors of the Original 100 Shares of West New Jersey Property
  2. Peter O. Wacker, Land and People; Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1975; p.305
  3. Peter O. Wacker, Land and People; Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1975; p.307
  4. New Jersey Colonial Documents, Archives of the State of New Jersey, First Series, Vol. I; Daily Advertiser Publishing House, Newark, New Jersey, 1880. p. 376
  5. The Grants, Concessions and Original Constitutions of the Province of New Jersey, Aaron Leaming and Jacob Spicer; W. Bradford, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1758. pp. 207-213
  6. Documents relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York, Volume III; John Romeyn Brodhead, Esq., Agent; Weed, Parsons and Company, Printers; Albany, New York, 1853; p351
  7. Journal of the Governor and Council Vol. I (1682-1714), Archives of the State of New Jersey, First Series, Vol. XIII; The John L. Murphy Publishing Co., Printers, Trenton, New Jersey, 1890. p.144

See also