Thomas Russell (minister)

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Thomas Russell, originally Thomas Cloutt (1781–1846) was an English independent minister, known for editions of theological works.



He was born at Marden, Kent, on 5 November 1781. [1] His father and grandfather were members of the Church of England, and he was confirmed as an Anglican; but was trained for the dissenting ministry at Hoxton Academy (September 1800–June 1803), under Robert Simpson, D.D. His first settlement was at Tonbridge, Kent, in 1803. [2]

Marden, Kent Village in Kent, England

Marden is a village about 8 miles (13 km) south of Maidstone and civil parish in the Maidstone District of Kent, England. As well as the village the civil parish includes the settlement of Chainhurst and the hamlet of Wanshurst Green. The parish is located on the flood plain of the River Beult near Maidstone. It is in an apple-growing area, and has a population of approximately 4,000 people.

Church of England Anglican state church of England

The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury.

Confirmation rite where baptism is confirmed in several Christian denominations

In Christian denominations that practice infant baptism, confirmation is seen as the sealing of Christianity created in baptism. Those being confirmed are known as confirmands. In some denominations, such as the Anglican Communion and Methodist Churches, confirmation bestows full membership in a local congregation upon the recipient. In others, such as the Roman Catholic Church, confirmation "renders the bond with the Church more perfect", because, while a baptized person is already a member, "reception of the sacrament of Confirmation is necessary for the completion of baptismal grace".

In 1806 he became minister of Pell Street Chapel, Ratcliff Highway, where he was ordained on 5 September; but his ministry was not popular. About 1820 [2] he adopted his mother's maiden name of Russell, [1] and in 1823 obtained the king's patent for the change. Soon afterwards he received from a Scottish university the diploma of M.A. On the closure of Pell Street Chapel a few years before his death, he became minister of Baker Street Chapel, Enfield, Middlesex. [2]

Enfield Town town and historic centre of the London Borough of Enfield, England

Enfield Town, also known as Enfield, is a market town in Greater London, and is the historic centre of the London Borough of Enfield. It is 10.1 miles (16.3 km) north-northeast of Central London. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. The town was originally in the county of Middlesex, but became part of Greater London on 1 April 1965 when the London Government Act 1963 was implemented. Enfield Town had a population of 115,762 in 2011.

Middlesex historic county of England

Middlesex is a historic county in southeast England. Its area is now almost entirely within the wider urbanised area of London. Its area is now also mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties. It was established in the Anglo-Saxon system from the territory of the Middle Saxons, and existed as an official administrative unit until 1965. The county is bounded to the south by the River Thames, and includes the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The largely low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, was the second smallest by area in 1831.

He was a Coward trustee and, from 1842, a trustee of the foundations of Daniel Williams; he was also secretary of the Aged Ministers' Relief Society. Contrary to the general sentiment of congregationalists, he was a promoter of the Dissenters' Chapels Act of 1844. He died at his residence, Penton Row, Walworth, Surrey, on 10 December 1846. Arthur Tozer Russell and John Fuller Russell were his sons. [2]

Daniel Williams (theologian) Welsh theologian

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Walworth central district in the London Borough of Southwark

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Surrey County of England

Surrey is a county in South East England which borders Kent to the east, West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the north-west, and Greater London to the north-east.


His tastes were literary, and he edited a collection of hymns as an appendix to Isaac Watts. Under the name of Cloutt he published four sermons (1806–18), and the Collection of Hymns, (1813). His Jubilee Sermon (1809) was roughly handled in the Anti-Jacobin Review , November 1809, and he issued a defensive "Appendix", giving some autobiographical details.

Isaac Watts English hymnwriter, theologian and logician

Isaac Watts was an English Christian minister (Congregational), hymn writer, theologian, and logician. He was a prolific and popular hymn writer and is credited with some 750 hymns. He is recognized as the "Godfather of English Hymnody"; many of his hymns remain in use today and have been translated into numerous languages.

<i>Anti-Jacobin Review</i> British political periodical  (1798-1821; London)

The Anti-Jacobin Review and Magazine, or, Monthly Political and Literary Censor, a conservative British political periodical, was founded by John Gifford [pseud. of John Richards Green] (1758–1818) after the demise of William Gifford's The Anti-Jacobin, or, Weekly Examiner (1797–1798). Gifford and Robert Bisset were the chief writers, and the political philosopher James Mill wrote reviews. Described as "often scurrilous" and "ultra-Tory," the journal contained essays, reviews, and satirical engravings, notably by James Gillray. It grew out of the political ferment of the period and was a vocal element of the British Anti-Jacobin backlash against the ideals of the French Revolution.

In 1823 he began his edition of the works of John Owen, finishing it in 1826 in twenty octavo volumes, uniform with the Life of Owen (1820), by William Orme; sets were completed by prefixing this Life, and adding the seven volumes of Owen on Hebrews (Edinburgh, 1812–14), edited by James Wright. Russell's edition was superseded by that of William Henry Goold, D.D. In 1828 he issued proposals for a series of The Works of the English and Scottish Reformers; of this three volumes (1829–31) were published, containing works of William Tyndale and John Frith. [2]

John Owen (theologian) English theologian

John Owen was an English Nonconformist church leader, theologian, and academic administrator at the University of Oxford.

William Orme (1787–1830) was a Scottish Congregational minister, known as a biographer of Richard Baxter and other nonconformist figures.

William Tyndale Bible translator and agitator from England

William Tyndale was an English scholar who became a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation in the years leading up to his execution. He is well known for his (incomplete) translation of the Bible into English.

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  1. 1 2 "Notice of the Rev. Thomas Russell". The Christian's Pocket Magazine (and Anti-sceptic). 9 (5): 561–2. 1823.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Russell, Thomas (1781?-1846)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : "Russell, Thomas (1781?-1846)". Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

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<i>Dictionary of National Biography</i> Multi-volume reference work

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.