Thomas Rymer Jones, FRS (1810 – 10 October 1880) was an English surgeon, academic and zoologist.
Fellowship of the Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science'.
The son of a captain in the Royal Navy, he studied at Guy's Hospital and in Paris. He became M.R.C.S. in 1833, but found himself unable to practice because of hearing impairment.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.
Guy's Hospital is an NHS hospital in the borough of Southwark in central London. It is part of Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and one of the institutions that comprise the King's Health Partners, an academic health science centre.
Jones was appointed the first professor of comparative anatomy at King's College London, in 1836, and was Fullerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution in 1840 to 1842. In 1838, at the meeting of the British Association at Newcastle, he was the sole opponent of Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, who maintained the polygastric nature of certain infusoria.
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species. It is closely related to evolutionary biology and phylogeny.
King's College London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London. King's was established in 1829 by King George IV and Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, when it received its first royal charter, and claims to be the fourth oldest university institution in England. In 1836, King's became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London. In the late 20th century, King's grew through a series of mergers, including with Queen Elizabeth College and Chelsea College of Science and Technology, the Institute of Psychiatry, the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals and the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery.
The Fullerian Chairs at the Royal Institution in London, England, were established by John 'Mad Jack' Fuller.
Jones was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. He died in London on 10 December 1880, having resigned his professorship in 1874.
Jones's General Outline of the Animal Kingdom, and Manual of Comparative Anatomy, London, was published with woodcuts, 1838–41. It became a standard textbook. He wrote articles on comparative anatomy for Robert Bentley Todd's Cyclopædia of Anatomy and Physiology, and popular works on zoology. Jones wrote papers in scientific journals and:
Robert Bentley Todd was an Irish-born physician who is best known for describing the condition postictal paralysis in his Lumleian Lectures in 1849 now known as Todd's palsy. He was the younger brother of noted writer and minister James Henthorn Todd.
He also edited William Kirby's Bridgewater Treatise, for Henry Bohn's series, in 1852; and a translation of the section Birds in Brehms Tierleben , issued as Cassell's Book of Birdsin 1869–73.
Thomas Henry Huxley was an English biologist specialising in comparative anatomy. He is known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
William Benjamin Carpenter CB FRS was an English physician, invertebrate zoologist and physiologist. He was instrumental in the early stages of the unified University of London.
Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist, comparative anatomist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist, known not only for his discoveries but also for his ability to synthesize knowledge.
Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville was a French zoologist and anatomist.
Robert Edmond Grant MD FRCPEd FRS FRSE FZS FGS was a British anatomist and zoologist.
Sir William Henry Flower was an English surgeon, museum curator and comparative anatomist, who became a leading authority on mammals and especially on the primate brain. He supported Thomas Henry Huxley in an important controversy with Richard Owen about the human brain and eventually succeeded Owen as Director of the Natural History Museum in London.
Prof Friedrich Tiedemann FRS HFRSE was a German anatomist and physiologist. He was an expert on the anatomy of the brain.
Théodore Lacordaire or Jean Théodore Lacordaire was a Belgian entomologist of French extraction.
Prof Karl (Carl) Theodor Ernst von Siebold FRS(For) HFRSE was a German physiologist and zoologist. He was responsible for the introduction of the taxa Arthropoda and Rhizopoda, and for defining the taxon Protozoa specifically for single-celled organisms.
William Kitchen Parker FRS FRMS was an English physician, zoologist and comparative anatomist. From a humble beginning he became Hunterian Professor of Anatomy and Physiology in the College of Surgeons of England.
Prof Arthur Gamgee FRS FRSE was a British biochemist.
Augustus Daniel Imms FRS was an English educator, research institution administrator and entomologist.
Thomas Wharton Jones was an eminent ophthalmologist and physiologist of the 19th century.
Alfred Henry Garrod FRS was an English vertebrate zoologist.
Charles Stewart was an English zoologist and comparative anatomist. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on 4 June 1896, and he was the president of the Linnean Society from 1890 to 1894.
William Rutherford was a Scottish physician and physiologist who was professor of physiology at Edinburgh University for 25 years, and contributed to the development of experimental physiology. He was Fullerian Professor of Physiology and Comparative Anatomy from 1872 to 1875.
Prof John Gray McKendrick FRS FRSE FRCPE LLD was a distinguished Scottish physiologist. He was born and studied in Aberdeen, Scotland, and served as Regius Professor of Physiology at the University of Glasgow from 1876 to 1906. He was co-founder of the Physiological Society.
James Macartney was an anatomist. He began life as an Irish volunteer in 1780, and was afterwards educated at the endowed classical school at Armagh, and then at a private school. He was associated for a time with the Sheares brothers and Lord Edward Fitzgerald, the United Irishmen but, being dissatisfied with their programme, he cut himself adrift and began to study medicine.
Louis Compton MIall FRS was an English palaeontologist, biologist and academic.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National Biography's article about Thomas Rymer Jones .|
Robert Edmond Grant
| Fullerian Professor of Physiology |
1840 – 1844
| Succeeded by|
William Benjamin Carpenter