Thomas Rymer Jones

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Thomas Rymer Jones, FRS (1810 – 10 October 1880) was an English surgeon, academic and zoologist.

Fellow of the Royal Society Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, including Honorary, Foreign and Royal Fellows

Fellowship of the Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science'.



The son of a captain in the Royal Navy, he studied at Guy's Hospital and in Paris. He became M.R.C.S. in 1833, but found himself unable to practice because of hearing impairment.

Royal Navy Maritime warfare branch of the United Kingdoms military

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.

Guys Hospital Hospital in London

Guy's Hospital is an NHS hospital in the borough of Southwark in central London. It is part of Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and one of the institutions that comprise the King's Health Partners, an academic health science centre.

Jones was appointed the first professor of comparative anatomy at King's College London, in 1836, and was Fullerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution in 1840 to 1842. In 1838, at the meeting of the British Association at Newcastle, he was the sole opponent of Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, who maintained the polygastric nature of certain infusoria.

Comparative anatomy

Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species. It is closely related to evolutionary biology and phylogeny.

Kings College London public research university located in London, United Kingdom

King's College London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London. King's was established in 1829 by King George IV and Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, when it received its first royal charter, and claims to be the fourth oldest university institution in England. In 1836, King's became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London. In the late 20th century, King's grew through a series of mergers, including with Queen Elizabeth College and Chelsea College of Science and Technology, the Institute of Psychiatry, the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals and the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery.

The Fullerian Chairs at the Royal Institution in London, England, were established by John 'Mad Jack' Fuller.

Jones was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. He died in London on 10 December 1880, having resigned his professorship in 1874.


Jones's General Outline of the Animal Kingdom, and Manual of Comparative Anatomy, London, was published with woodcuts, 1838–41. It became a standard textbook. He wrote articles on comparative anatomy for Robert Bentley Todd's Cyclopædia of Anatomy and Physiology, and popular works on zoology. Jones wrote papers in scientific journals and:

Robert Bentley Todd physician

Robert Bentley Todd was an Irish-born physician who is best known for describing the condition postictal paralysis in his Lumleian Lectures in 1849 now known as Todd's palsy. He was the younger brother of noted writer and minister James Henthorn Todd.

He also edited William Kirby's Bridgewater Treatise, for Henry Bohn's series, in 1852; and a translation of the section Birds in Brehms Tierleben , issued as Cassell's Book of Birds [1] in 1869–73.

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  1. "Review: Cassell's Book of Birds". Nature. 3: 402–404. 23 March 1871. doi:10.1038/003402a0.

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Bettany, George Thomas (1892). "Jones, Thomas Rymer". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography . 30. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 177. 

Academic offices
Preceded by
Robert Edmond Grant
Fullerian Professor of Physiology
1840 1844
Succeeded by
William Benjamin Carpenter