Thomas S. Crago

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Thomas Spencer Crago's gravesite Thomas Spencer Crago.jpg
Thomas Spencer Crago's gravesite

Thomas Spencer Crago (August 8, 1866 – September 12, 1925) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Pennsylvania State of the United States of America

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

Thomas S. Crago was born in Carmichaels, Pennsylvania. He attended Greene Academy and Waynesburg College. He graduated from Princeton College in 1893. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar of Greene County, Pennsylvania in 1894 and commenced practice in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania.

Carmichaels, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Carmichaels is a borough in Greene County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 483 at the 2010 census, down from 556 at the 2000 census.

Greene County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 38,686. Its county seat is Waynesburg. Greene County was created on February 9, 1796, from part of Washington County and named for General Nathanael Greene.

Waynesburg, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Waynesburg is a borough in and the county seat of Greene County, Pennsylvania, United States, located about 50 miles (80 km) south of Pittsburgh. Its population was 4,176 at the 2010 census.

He served as captain of Company K in the Tenth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry during the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War. After the war helped to reorganize the Pennsylvania National Guard and was elected major and later lieutenant colonel of the Tenth Infantry (later reorganized into the 110th Infantry Regiment). He resigned his commission while in Congress but was later retired with the rank of colonel. He was a delegate to the 1904 Republican National Convention.

Spanish–American War Conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States

The Spanish–American War was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana harbor in Cuba, leading to U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. The war led to emergence of U.S. predominance in the Caribbean region, and resulted in U.S. acquisition of Spain's Pacific possessions. That led to U.S. involvement in the Philippine Revolution and ultimately in the Philippine–American War.

Philippine–American War Armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States

The Philippine–American War, also referred to as the Filipino–American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection or the Tagalog Insurgency, was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902. While Filipino nationalists viewed the conflict as a continuation of the struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution, the U.S. government regarded it as an insurrection. The conflict arose when the First Philippine Republic objected to the terms of the Treaty of Paris under which the United States took possession of the Philippines from Spain, ending the short Spanish–American War.

Pennsylvania National Guard

The Pennsylvania National Guard is composed of the Pennsylvania Army National Guard and the Pennsylvania Air National Guard. It is one of the largest National Guards in the United States. It has the second-largest Army National Guard of all the states and the fourth-largest Air National Guard. These forces are respective components of the United States Army and Air Force. The state air and ground national guard forces are governed through the Pennsylvania Department of Military and Veterans Affairs, headquartered at Fort Indiantown Gap.

Crago was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-second Congress. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1912. He served as commander in chief of the Veterans of Foreign Wars in 1914 and 1915.

62nd United States Congress

The Sixty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1911, to March 4, 1913, during the third and fourth years of William H. Taft's presidency.

Veterans of Foreign Wars veterans’ organization

The Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) is an American war veterans' organization headquartered in Kansas City, Missouri. The Veterans of Foreign Wars was established by James C. Putnam on September 29, 1899, in Columbus, Ohio. The organization's membership consists of veterans who, as soldiers, sailors, marines, airmen, and coast guardsmen served the United States in wars, campaigns, and expeditions on foreign soil or in hostile waters.

He was again elected to the Sixty-fourth, Sixty-fifth, and Sixty-sixth Congresses. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1920, but was subsequently elected to the Sixty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Mahlon M. Garland. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1922.

64th United States Congress

The Sixty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1915, to March 4, 1917, during the third and fourth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

65th United States Congress

The Sixty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1917, to March 4, 1919, during the fifth and sixth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality but the Democrats remained in control with the support of the Progressives and Socialist Representative Meyer London.

66th United States Congress

The Sixty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, comprising the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1919, to March 4, 1921, during the last two years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

He was appointed special assistant to the Attorney General of the United States on March 7, 1923, and was assigned to the War Frauds Division. He resigned August 15, 1924. He served as vice president of the Union Deposit & Trust Co. of Waynesburg, Pennsylvania.

He died in Waynesburg, aged 59, and interred in Green Mount Cemetery.

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References

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Allen F. Cooper
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 23rd congressional district

1911–1913
Succeeded by
Wooda N. Carr
Preceded by
Fred E. Lewis,
John M. Morin,
Anderson H. Walters,
Arthur R. Rupley
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district

1915–1917 alongside:

Daniel F. Lafean, John R. K. Scott, Mahlon M. Garland
1917–1919 alongside:
John R. K. Scott, Joseph McLaughlin, Mahlon M. Garland
1919–1921 alongside:
Anderson H. Walters, William J. Burke, Mahlon M. Garland
1921–1923 alongside:
Anderson H. Walters, William J. Burke, Joseph McLaughlin

Succeeded by
33rd: M. Clyde Kelly
34th: John M. Morin
35th: James M. Magee
36th: Guy E. Campbell