Thomas S. Kleppe

Last updated
Thomas Kleppe
Thomas S Kleppe.gif
41st United States Secretary of the Interior
In office
October 17, 1975 January 20, 1977
President Gerald Ford
Preceded by Stanley K. Hathaway
Succeeded by Cecil Andrus
10th Administrator of the Small Business Administration
In office
January 18, 1971 October 12, 1975
President Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded by Hilary J. Sandoval Jr.
Succeeded by Mitchell P. Kobelinski
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from North Dakota's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1967 January 3, 1971
Preceded by Rolland W. Redlin
Succeeded by Arthur A. Link
Mayor of Bismarck
In office
April 1950 April 1954
Preceded by Amil Lenhart
Succeeded by Evan Lips
Personal details
Born(1919-07-01)July 1, 1919
Kintyre, North Dakota, U.S.
DiedMarch 2, 2007(2007-03-02) (aged 87)
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)Glen Loew Gompf
Children4
Education Valley City State University (BA)
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Branch/serviceFlag of the United States Army.svg  United States Army
Years of service1942–1946
Battles/wars World War II

Thomas Savig Kleppe (July 1, 1919 – March 2, 2007) was an American politician who served as the Representative from North Dakota. He was also the Administrator of the Small Business Administration and the U.S. Secretary of the Interior. [1] [2]

Contents

Early life and military service

Kleppe was born on July 1, 1919, in Kintyre, North Dakota, the son of Lars O. Kleppe and his wife Hannah Savig Kleppe. He graduated from Valley City High School in Valley City, North Dakota in 1936. Kleppe graduated from Valley City State University, (then Valley City Teachers College). During World War II, Kleppe served from 1942 to 1946 as a Warrant Officer. [3]

Career

From 1950 to 1954, Kleppe was the Mayor of Bismarck, North Dakota. From 1946 to 1964, he was the president and treasurer of the Gold Seal Company. In 1964, Kleppe was the Republican nominee for United States Senate but lost to the popular incumbent Democrat Quentin N. Burdick. In 1966 he was elected to the Ninetieth United States Congress, and he was reelected in 1968 to the Ninety-first United States Congress (January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1971). Kleppe voted in favor of the Civil Rights Act of 1968. [4] In 1970, he was again an unsuccessful candidate for election to the Senate, losing a rematch to Burdick by a wide margin. [5]

He served as the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, and later served as the Secretary of the Interior for President Gerald Ford. In his capacity as the Secretary of the Interior, Kleppe was the appellant in Kleppe v. New Mexico (1976), when the Supreme Court ruled that Congress has the "power to protect wildlife on the public lands, state law notwithstanding."

Personal life

His first wife, Frieda K. Kleppe, died in 1957. Kleppe married his second wife, Glendora Loew Gompf, on December 18, 1958. He had two children from his first marriage and two daughters from his second marriage. He resided in Bismarck, North Dakota. Kleppe died of Alzheimer's disease, in Bethesda, Maryland, on March 2, 2007. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

Fred George Aandahl was an American Republican politician from North Dakota. He served as the 23rd Governor of North Dakota from 1945 to 1951 and as a U.S. Representative from 1951 to 1953.

John Hoeven American politician

John Henry Hoeven III is an American banker and politician serving as the senior U.S. Senator from North Dakota since 2011. A Republican, he served as the 31st Governor of North Dakota from 2000 to 2010. Hoeven was elected in 2010 to the U.S. Senate, succeeding Senator Byron Dorgan, who chose not to seek reelection. Hoeven became the senior Senator in 2013 after Kent Conrad retired and was replaced by Democrat Heidi Heitkamp, who was once Hoeven's opponent for the Governor's office. Hoeven was reelected in 2016.

Kent Conrad American politician

Gaylord Kent Conrad is a former American politician who was a United States Senator from North Dakota. He is a member of the North Dakota Democratic-NPL Party, the North Dakota affiliate of the Democratic Party. First elected to the Senate in 1986, he served as chairman or Ranking Member of the Senate Budget Committee for 12 years.

North Dakota Republican Party

The North Dakota Republican Party is the North Dakota affiliate of the United States Republican Party. The Party's platform is generally conservative. The North Dakota Republican Party is strongly in control of the state's politics. The Party holds nearly all statewide positions in addition to having a supermajority in both houses of the state legislature, over the North Dakota Democratic-NPL Party. The current party chairman is Rick Berg.

1976 United States Senate elections

The 1976 United States Senate elections was an election for the United States Senate that coincided with Democratic Jimmy Carter's presidential election and the United States Bicentennial celebration. Although almost half of the seats decided in this election changed parties, Carter's narrow victory did not provide coattails for the Democrats, and the balance of the chamber remained the same.

1970 United States Senate elections

The 1970 United States Senate elections was an election for the United States Senate, taking place in the middle of Richard Nixon's first term as President. The Democrats lost a net of three seats, while the Republicans and the Conservative Party of New York picked up one net seat each, and former Democrat Harry F. Byrd Jr. was re-elected as an independent.

1964 United States Senate elections

The 1964 United States Senate elections coincided with the election of President Lyndon B. Johnson by an overwhelming majority, to a full term. His Democratic Party picked up a net two seats from the Republicans. As of 2020, this is the last time either party has had a two-thirds majority in the Senate, which would have hypothetically allowed the Senate Democrats to override a veto, convict and expel certain officials, or invoke cloture without any votes from Republicans. The Senate election coincided with Democratic gains in the House in the same year.

1956 United States Senate elections

The 1956 United States Senate elections were elections for the United States Senate that coincided with the re-election of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Although Democrats gained two seats in regular elections, the Republicans gained back two seats in special elections, leaving the party balance of the chamber remained unchanged.

Quentin Burdick American politician

Quentin Northrup Burdick was an American lawyer and politician. A member of the North Dakota Democratic-NPL Party, he represented North Dakota in the U.S. House of Representatives (1959–1960) and the U.S. Senate (1960–1992). At the time of his death, he was the third longest-serving senator among current members of the Senate.

Arthur A. Link American politician

Arthur Albert "Art" Link was an American politician of the North Dakota Democratic Party, and later the Democratic-NPL. He served as a U.S. Representative from 1971 to 1973 and as the 27th Governor of North Dakota from 1973 to 1981.

George Albert Sinner was an American Democratic-NPL politician who served as the 29th governor of North Dakota from 1985 to 1992. He served two four-year terms and is the most recent governor of North Dakota from his party.

John E. Davis (North Dakota politician) politician in North Dakota

John E. Davis was Director of the Defense Civil Preparedness Agency from 1969 to 1976. He previously served as the National Commander of The American Legion, from 1966 to 1967, and as the 25th Governor of North Dakota from 1957 to 1961.

Jack Dalrymple American businessman and politician

John Stewart Dalrymple III is an American politician and businessman who served as the 32nd Governor of North Dakota, from 2010 to 2016. He was previously the 36th Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota from 2000 until December 2010, when Governor John Hoeven resigned and Dalrymple succeeded him.

Rolland W. Redlin American politician

Rolland W. "Rollie" Redlin was a U.S. Representative from North Dakota, who served between 1965 and 1967. He also served in the North Dakota Senate from 1959 to 1963 and later returned to serve again from 1973 until his retirement in 2000, as Senate President Pro Tempore 1987–9, and Minority Leadership later during his final 27 years' service. A member of the Democratic-NPL, he lived near Minot, North Dakota until 2009, when he moved to Rapid City, SD, to be closer to family members.

1970 United States Senate election in North Dakota

The 1970 United States Senate election in North Dakota was held November 3, 1970. The incumbent, North Dakota Democratic NPL Party Senator Quentin Burdick, was re-elected to his third term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas S. Kleppe, who later became the United States Secretary of the Interior.

1964 United States Senate election in North Dakota

The 1964 U.S. Senate election for the state of North Dakota was held November 3, 1964. The incumbent, Dem-NPL Senator Quentin Burdick, sought and received re-election to his second term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas S. Kleppe, who later became the United States Secretary of the Interior.

Kevin Cramer United States Senator from North Dakota

Kevin John Cramer is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator for North Dakota since 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he served in the United States House of Representatives for North Dakota's at-large Congressional District from 2013 to 2019. He also chaired the North Dakota Republican Party (1991–1993) and served as State Tourism Director (1993–1997) and Economic Development Director (1997–2000). He served on the North Dakota Public Service Commission from 2003 to 2012.

Usher L. Burdick American politician

Usher Lloyd Burdick was a member of the United States House of Representatives from North Dakota. He was the father of Quentin Burdick.

David Bernhardt American government administrator

David Longly Bernhardt has served as an American attorney, energy industry lobbyist, government administrator and member of the Congressional staff. He currently serves as the 53rd United States Secretary of the Interior having spent ten years working for the Department in various roles. President Donald Trump nominated Bernhardt to be the United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior in April 2017. He was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on July 24, 2017, and sworn into office on August 1. He became acting Secretary of the Interior on January 2, 2019, replacing Ryan Zinke after he resigned from office. Bernhardt was nominated to officially become Secretary of the Interior in February 2019 and was confirmed on April 11, 2019.

References

  1. Thomas Savig Kleppe (Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame) Archived 2010-10-07 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Thomas Kleppe" (PDF). Homestead National Monument of America. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  3. John Robert Greene (January 6, 2016). "Thomas S. Kleppe (1975–1977) – Secretary of the Interior". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Archived from the original on December 7, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  4. "TO PASS H.R. 2516, A BILL TO ESTABLISH PENALTIES FOR INTERFERENCE WITH CIVIL RIGHTS. INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON ENGAGED IN ONE OF THE 8 ACTIVITIES PROTECTED UNDER THIS BILL MUST BE RACIALLY MOTIVATED TO INCUR THE BILL'S PENALTIES".
  5. "Gold Seal Company". bismarckcafe. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  6. Virginia Grantier (March 5, 2007). "Former Rep. Tom Kleppe dies". Bismarck (ND) Tribune. Retrieved January 1, 2016.

further reading

Party political offices
Preceded by
John E. Davis
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from North Dakota
(Class 1)

1964, 1970
Succeeded by
Robert Stroup
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Rolland W. Redlin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's 2nd congressional district

1967–1971
Succeeded by
Arthur A. Link
Political offices
Preceded by
Hilary J. Sandoval Jr.
Administrator of the Small Business Administration
1971–1975
Succeeded by
Mitchell P. Kobelinski
Preceded by
Stanley K. Hathaway
United States Secretary of the Interior
1975–1977
Succeeded by
Cecil D. Andrus