Sir Thomas Sabine Pasley
|Born||26 December 1804|
|Died||13 February 1884 (aged 79)|
Moorhill, Southampton, Hampshire
|Years of service||1817 to 1869|
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath|
Admiral Sir Thomas Sabine Pasley, 2nd Baronet, KCB (1804–1884) was an officer of the British Royal Navy during the nineteenth century who never saw action but served across the globe in numerous positions. A career officer, Pasley inherited his grandfather Sir Thomas Pasley, 1st Baronet's title aged only four and spent much of his career in shore appointments as he paid for and cared for his large family.
Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-9, outranked only by the rank of admiral of the fleet. Royal Navy officers holding the ranks of rear admiral, vice admiral and admiral of the fleet are sometimes considered generically to be admirals. The rank of admiral is currently the highest rank to which a serving officer in the Royal Navy can be promoted, admiral of the fleet being in abeyance except for honorary promotions of retired officers and members of the Royal Family.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.
Admiral Sir Thomas Pasley, 1st Baronet was a senior and highly experienced British Royal Navy officer of the eighteenth century, who served with distinction at numerous actions of the Seven Years' War, American Revolutionary War and French Revolutionary Wars. In his youth he was renowned as an efficient and able frigate officer and in later life became a highly respected squadron commander in the Channel Fleet. It was during the latter service when he was awarded his baronetcy after losing a leg at the Glorious First of June, aged 60.
He was the son of Major John Sabine of the Grenadier Guards and Maria Pasley, daughter of admiral Sir Thomas Pasley, 1st Baronet, a long-serving officer who had lost a leg at the Glorious First of June. As Pasley had no male heirs, his baronetcy would have become extinct but for an act of parliament permitting the title to fall to his grandson on his death. When Pasley senior died in 1808, his four-year-old grandson became Sir Thomas and added the Pasley to his surname.
The Grenadier Guards is an infantry regiment of the British Army. It is the most senior regiment of the Guards Division and, as such, is the most senior regiment of infantry. It is not, however, the most senior regiment of the Army, this position being held by the Life Guards. Although the Coldstream Guards were formed before the Grenadier Guards, the regiment is ranked after the Grenadiers in seniority as, having been a regiment of the New Model Army, the Coldstream Guards served the Crown for four fewer years than the Grenadiers.
The Glorious First of June[Note A] of 1794 was the first and largest fleet action of the naval conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the First French Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Young Pasley was schooled at Dr. Pearson's School in East Sheen, Durham School, and by his aunts at Burnfoot, near Langholm. In 1817, aged 14, Pasley attended the Royal Naval Academy and the following year joined Sir Thomas Fremantle's ship HMS Rochfort as a midshipman under the patronage of his relation Pulteney Malcolm. The ship was later commanded by Sir Graham Moore. In 1823, Pasley moved to the brig HMS Redpole and later HMS Arachne. In 1824 he was promoted to lieutenant and joined HMS Tweed for service off the Brazilian Coast.
East Sheen, also known as Sheen, is an affluent suburb of South London in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
Durham School is an English independent boarding school for pupils aged between 3 and 18 years. Founded by the Bishop of Durham, Thomas Langley, in 1414, it received royal foundation by King Henry VIII in 1541 following the Dissolution of the Monasteries during the Protestant Reformation. It is the city's oldest institution of learning.
Langholm, also known colloquially as the "Muckle Toon", is a burgh in Dumfries and Galloway in southern Scotland. Langholm lies between four hills in the valley of the River Esk in the Southern Uplands. It is the traditional seat of Clan Armstrong with its most famous descendant being Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the Moon. In 1972 he accepted in person being bestowed the first Freeman and Honorary Burgess of the burgh of Langholm. On accepting the distinction he said, "The most difficult place to be recognised is in one's home town. And I consider this now my home town."
Returning in 1826, Pasley married Jane Matilda Lily Wynyard and the couple would ultimately have seven sons and two daughters, putting great financial strain on Pasley and once his sons entered the Navy, forcing him to provide patronage for all of them by doing favours for other officers. As a result, his career would stalemate. In 1828, Pasley was promoted to commander and he joined HMS Cameleon and HMS Procris in command. As acting captain he also commanded the frigates HMS Rattlesnake and HMS Blonde.
Two ships of the Royal Navy bore the name Procris:
HMS Rattlesnake was an Atholl-class 28-gun sixth-rate corvette of the Royal Navy launched in 1822. She made a historic voyage of discovery to the Cape York and Torres Strait areas of northern Australia.
HMSBlonde was a 46-gun modified Apollo-class fifth-rate frigate of 1,103 tons burthen. She undertook an important voyage to the Pacific in 1824. She was used for harbour service from 1850 and was renamed HMS Calypso in 1870, before being sold in 1895.
Pasley was made full captain in 1831, and spent several years on the Brazilian station in HMS Curacoa. In 1848, after a period of unemployment he took over Pembroke Dockyard and in 1856 he was made rear-admiral and commanded HMS Royal Albert and HMS Agamemnon in the Black Sea at the end of the Crimean War. On his return in 1859 Pasley commanded Devonport Dockyard and in 1866 became commander-in-chief at Portsmouth. His lengthy shore commands were the result of the pressures maintaining his large family placed him under.
Pembroke Dockyard and originally called Pater Yard was a former Royal Navy Dockyard in Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire, Wales.
HMS Agamemnon was a Royal Navy 91-gun battleship ordered by the Admiralty in 1849 in response to the perceived threat from France by their possession of ships of the Napoléon class.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between the Balkans, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia. It is supplied by a number of major rivers, such as the Danube, Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Don, and the Rioni. Many countries drain into the Black Sea, including Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine.
In 1869, Pasley retired as a full admiral and in 1873 was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. He died in 1884 and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his grandson Thomas Edward Sabine Pasley, his eldest son having died in 1870. He was buried in Shedfield Chuchyard.
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There have been seven baronetcies created for persons with the surname Parker, three in the Baronetage of England, two in the Baronetage of Great Britain and two in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Two of the creations are extant as of 2008. Though none of the different families of baronets were related, several supplied a number of flag officers to the Royal Navy.
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The Pasley Baronetcy, of Craig in the County of Dumfries, is a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain. It was created on 1 September 1794 for the prominent Scottish naval commander Thomas Pasley, with remainder to the male issue of his daughters. On his death in 1808 he was succeeded according to the special remainder by his grandson Thomas Sabine, who the following year assumed by Royal licence the surname of Pasley in lieu of his patronymic. He was also a distinguished naval commander. The fifth Baronet was a literary scholar. Another member of the family to gain distinction was Joseph Montagu Sabine Pasley (1898–1978), grandson of Major Maitland Warren Bouverie Sabine Pasley, third son of the second Baronet. He was a Major-General in the British Army.
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Pasley may refer to:
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Sir Michael Seymour
| Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth |
Sir James Hope
|Baronetage of Great Britain|
| Baronet |
1804 – 1884
Thomas Sabine Pasley