Thomas Salisbury

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Sir Thomas Salisbury (or Salusbury) (1564 – 21 September 1586) was one of the conspirators executed for his involvement in the Babington Plot.

Babington Plot 1586 plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth of England

The Babington Plot was a plan in 1586 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I, a Protestant, and put Mary, Queen of Scots, her Roman Catholic cousin, on the English throne. It led to the Queen of Scots' execution, a result of a letter sent by Mary in which she consented to the assassination of Elizabeth.


18th century copy of a portrait of Sir Thomas Salisbury Thomas Salisbury died 1586 by Moses Griffith 02198.jpg
18th century copy of a portrait of Sir Thomas Salisbury

Early Life

Salisbury was the elder son of Katheryn of Berain and her first husband, Sir John Salusbury, and was the heir to the Lleweni Estate. Salisbury's father died in 1566 shortly after the birth of his second son Sir John Salisbury. [1] He married Margaret Wynn (daughter of Katheryn's third husband, Maurice Wynn) in 1575 through a child marriage. [1] Salisbury did not assent to the marriage, and the couple were estranged for a period prior to the birth of their daughter Margaret. Salisbury's daughter Margaret would eventually inherit Berain, whereas Lleweni went to Thomas's younger brother, Sir John Salusbury.

Katheryn of Berain Welsh noblewoman, called "Mam Cymru" ("Mother of Wales")

Katheryn of Berain, sometimes called Mam Cymru, was a Welsh noblewoman noted for her four marriages and her extensive network of descendants and relations.

Lleweni Hall

Lleweni Hall was a stately home in Denbighshire, northeast Wales, around 2 miles (3.2 km) north-east of Denbigh on the banks of the River Clwyd. It was the principal seat of the Salusbury family and their descendants from 1066 until 1748, and the present territorial designation of the most senior branch of the family.

Child marriage marriage or informal union entered into by an individual before reaching the age of 18

Child marriage is a formal marriage or an informal union entered into by an individual before reaching a certain age, specified by several global organizations such as UNICEF as minors under the age of 18. The legally prescribed marriageable age in some jurisdictions is below 18 years, especially in the case of girls; and even when the age is set at 18 years, many jurisdictions permit earlier marriage with parental consent or in special circumstances, such as teenage pregnancy. In certain countries, even when the legal marriage age is 18, cultural traditions take priority over legislative law. Child marriage violates the rights of children; it affects both boys and girls, but it is more common among girls. Child marriage has widespread and long term consequences for child brides and grooms. According to several UN agencies, comprehensive sexuality education can prevent such a phenomenon.

Babington Plot

In 1580, Salisbury joined a group of other young Catholic gentlemen in loyalty to Mary, Queen of Scots. During this time he became acquainted with Sir Anthony Babington. In September 1586, Salisbury was implicated in the Babington Plot to murder Queen Elizabeth I and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots, and was executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered along with five other conspirators on 21 September, following the execution the previous day of Anthony Babington.

Mary, Queen of Scots 16th-century Scottish ruler and queen consort of France

Mary, Queen of Scots, also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I of Scotland, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.

Anthony Babington English nobleman convicted of plotting the assassination of Elizabeth I of England

Sir Anthony Babington was an English nobleman convicted of plotting the assassination of Elizabeth I of England and conspiring with the imprisoned Mary, Queen of Scots. The "Babington Plot" and Mary's involvement in it were the basis of the treason charges against her which led to her execution. He was a member of the Babington family.

Elizabeth I of England Queen regnant of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until 1603

Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the last of the five monarchs of the House of Tudor.

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Thomas Salusbury may refer to:

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John Salusbury (poet) Welsh knight, politician and poet, died 1612

Sir John Salusbury was a Welsh knight, politician and poet of the Elizabethan era. He is notable for his opposition to the faction of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and for his patronage of complex acrostic and allegorical poetry that anticipated the Metaphysical movement.

Maurice Wynn or Morys Wynn ap John of Gwydir was a Welsh courtier and politician.

Henry Donn was one of the conspirators executed for his involvement in the Babington Plot, a plot in 1586 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth, a Protestant, and put Mary, Queen of Scots, a Catholic, on the English throne.

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John Salusbury, of Lleweni Hall, Denbighshire, was a Welsh landowner, county officer, and member of parliament.

Babington family

Babington is the name of two separate gentry families: one an Anglo-Irish family whose descendants in the male line are still living and the other an English family that is now extinct in the male line. The Anglo-Irish Babington family was originally de Bebington and they were lords of the manor of Lower Bebington in the time of Edward I of England. The English Babington family are descended from Sir John de Babington, lord of the manor of Babington, in Northumberland, who was living in 1178. Members of the two families have often been confused because of some members of the Irish Babington family settling in England and assuming the coat of arms of the English Babington family, presumably innocently.