Thomas Samuel Ashe

Last updated

Thomas Samuel Ashe Thomas Samuel Ashe - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas Samuel Ashe

Thomas Samuel Ashe (July 21, 1812 – February 4, 1887) was an American lawyer and politician who served in the Confederate Congress, and U.S. Congressman from North Carolina.


Early years

Born in Hawfields, Orange County, North Carolina, he attended Bingham's Academy in Hillsborough, then the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, graduating in 1832. He was admitted to the bar in 1834 and began to practice law in Wadesboro, North Carolina in 1835.

Ashe owned slaves. [1]


In 1842, Ashe was elected to a single term in the North Carolina House of Commons. From 1847 to 1851 he was solicitor of the fifth judicial district of North Carolina, and in 1854, he served in the North Carolina Senate. During the American Civil War, Ashe served in the Confederate House of Representatives from 1861 to 1864, and was elected to the Confederate Senate in 1864, but the war concluded before he was able to serve.

In 1868, Ashe ran unsuccessfully for Governor as the nominee of the "Conservative" party, then the name of the state Democratic Party. He accepted the nomination only after Zebulon B. Vance and Augustus Merrimon declined to run. In this election, waged under the supervision of the U.S. military and allowing African Americans to vote in large numbers for the first time, Ashe was defeated by the Republican nominee, William Woods Holden. [2] This was the same election in which the new state constitution was approved by the people. Ashe and the Conservatives opposed the new constitution. [3]

Ashe was elected for two terms in the United States House of Representatives, serving from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1877. Although he chose not to run again in 1876, he was elected an associate justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court in 1878 and re-elected in 1886.


Ashe was still serving on the court at the time of the death in Wadesboro in 1887.

Thomas Samuel Ashe was the cousin of fellow Congressmen John Baptista Ashe and William Shepperd Ashe.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wadesboro, North Carolina</span> Town in North Carolina, United States

Wadesboro is a town and the county seat of Anson County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 5,049 at the 2020 census. The town was originally found in 1783 as New Town but changed by the North Carolina General Assembly to Wadesboro in 1787 to honor Colonel Thomas Wade, a native son, state legislator, and Revolutionary War commander of the Anson County Regiment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elisha Baxter</span> American politician

Elisha Baxter was an American businessman and politician who served as the 10th governor of Arkansas from 1873 to 1874.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Curtis Hooks Brogden</span> American politician

Curtis Hooks Brogden was an American farmer, attorney and politician who served as the 42nd governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina from 1874 to 1877 during the Reconstruction era. He succeeded to the position after the death of Governor Tod R. Caldwell, after having been elected as the 2nd lieutenant governor of the state on the Republican ticket in 1872.

Samuel Ashe was the ninth governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina from 1795 to 1798. He was also one of the first three judges of the North Carolina Superior Court in 1787.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Carolina General Assembly of 1777</span> Sessions of the first general assembly of North Carolina held in 1777

The North Carolina General Assembly of 1777 met in two sessions in New Bern, North Carolina, from April 7 to May 9, 1777, and from November 15 to December 24, 1777. This was the first North Carolina legislature elected after the last provincial congress wrote the first North Carolina Constitution. This assembly elected Richard Caswell as the state's first constitutional governor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Baptista Ashe (Continental Congress)</span> American politician

John Baptist Ashe was an American politician and military officer from Halifax, North Carolina.

David Outlaw was a Whig U.S. Congressman representing the Albemarle district of North Carolina between 1847 and 1853.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sydenham B. Alexander</span> American politician

Sydenham Benoni Alexander was a Democratic U.S. Congressman from North Carolina between 1891 and 1895.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William S. Ashe</span> American politician (1813–1862)

William Shepperd Ashe was an American lawyer and politician who served three terms as a Democratic U.S. Representative from North Carolina between 1849 and 1855.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Risden Tyler Bennett</span> American politician (1840–1913)

Risden Tyler Bennett was a Democratic U.S. Congressman from North Carolina between 1883 and 1887. He was also an attorney and judge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John W. Daniel</span> American politician

John Warwick Daniel was an American lawyer, author, and Democratic politician from Lynchburg, Virginia. Daniel served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly and both houses of the United States Congress. He represented Virginia the U.S. House from 1885 to 1887, and in the U.S. Senate from 1887 until his death in 1910.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives</span> American state-level legislative presiding officer

The speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives is the presiding officer of one of the houses of the North Carolina General Assembly. The speaker is elected by the members of the house when they first convene for their regular session, which is currently in January of each odd-numbered year. Perhaps the most important duty of the speaker is to appoint members and chairs of the various standing committees of the House.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christopher Thomas</span> American politician

Christopher Yancy Thomas was a politician and lawyer from Virginia. He served brief terms in the Virginia Senate, Virginia House and U.S. House of Representatives.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Graham Ramsay</span> North Carolina politician and physician

James Graham Ramsay was a North Carolina physician and politician who served in the North Carolina Senate and Confederate States Congress during the American Civil War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Gregory Skinner</span> American politician

Thomas Gregory Skinner was a U.S. Representative from North Carolina, brother of Harry Skinner.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Elliott (American politician)</span> American politician

William Elliott was an American attorney and politician, serving as U.S. Representative from South Carolina.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Josiah Turner</span> American politician

Josiah Turner, Jr. was an American lawyer, politician and newspaper editor from North Carolina.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Settle (judge)</span> American judge

Thomas Settle was a United States Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Peru, an associate justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina and a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Carolina General Assembly of 1860–1861</span>

The North Carolina General Assembly of 1860–1861 met in Raleigh, North Carolina in regular session from November 19, 1860, to February 25, 1861. They met in extra sessions from May 1, 1861, to May 13, 1861, and from August 15, 1861, to September 23, 1861. This General Assembly decided that each county should vote for special delegates who would decide whether North Carolina should secede from the Union. On May 20, 1861, those special delegates convened in Raleigh and voted unanimously that the state would no longer be a part of the United States of America.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Carolina General Assembly of 1868–1869</span>

The North Carolina General Assembly of 1868–1869 met in Raleigh from November 16, 1868, to April 12, 1869, with a special session from July 1, 1868, to August 24, 1868. This was the first assembly to meet after the approval of the new Constitution of North Carolina in 1868. As prescribed in this constitution, the assembly consisted of the 120 members in the North Carolina House of Representatives and 43 senators in the North Carolina Senate elected by the voters on August 6, 1868. This assembly was in control of the Republican Party and was dominated by reconstruction era politics.


  1. "Congress slaveowners", The Washington Post, January 19, 2022, retrieved January 23, 2022
  2. "Ashe, Thomas Samuel | NCpedia". Retrieved December 14, 2023.
  3. Graham, Nicholas (October 7, 2008). "1868 Election Ballots – NC Miscellany" . Retrieved December 14, 2023.
Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of North Carolina
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 6th congressional district

Succeeded by