Thomas Sanderson, 1st Baron Sanderson

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The Lord Sanderson

Thomas Henry Sanderson Vanity Fair 10 November 1898.jpg
Personal details
Born11 January 1841 (1841-01-11)
Gunton Park, Norfolk, England
Died21 March 1923 (1923-03-22) (aged 82)
Wimpole Street, London, England
Parents Richard Sanderson
Hon. Charlotte Matilda Manners-Sutton
OccupationCivil servant

Thomas Henry Sanderson, 1st Baron Sanderson GCB KCMG ISO (11 January 1841 – 21 March 1923) was a British civil servant. He was Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1894 and 1906. [1]

Imperial Service Order award in British honours system

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This is a list of Permanent Under-Secretaries in the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office since 1790.

Contents

Background and education

Sanderson was born at Gunton Park, about six miles north of Aylsham, Norfolk, the second son of Richard Sanderson, Member of Parliament for Colchester from 1832 to 1847, and the Honourable Charlotte Matilda Sanderson Manners-Sutton, elder daughter of Charles Manners-Sutton, Speaker of the House of Commons from 1817 to 1835. He was educated at Eton until he was forced to leave the school in 1857 due to the poor state of his family's finances, caused by the death of his father in October of that year, and his father's business in East India failing.

Aylsham market town on the River Bure in north Norfolk, England

Aylsham is a historic market town and civil parish on the River Bure in north Norfolk, England, nearly 9 mi (14 km) north of Norwich. The river rises near Melton Constable, 11 miles (18 km) upstream from Aylsham and continues to Great Yarmouth and the North Sea, although it was only made navigable after 1779, allowing grain, coal and timber to be brought up river.

Norfolk County of England

Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the northwest, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest, and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea and, to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich. With an area of 2,074 square miles (5,370 km2) and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile. Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich (213,000), Great Yarmouth (63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford (25,000).

Richard Sanderson was a British merchant, banker, and Conservative and Tory politician.

Career

Sanderson entered the Foreign Office as a junior clerk in 1859 and was not to leave the Foreign Office until his retirement in 1906. In December 1863 Sanderson accompanied Lord Wodehouse to Berlin and Copenhagen on his special mission during the Schleswig-Holstein crisis. Early in his career he crossed paths with Lord Stanley, later 15th Earl of Derby. Sanderson became Stanley's private secretary in July 1866 and left an impression on Stanley, who described him as 'the best of the juniors' [2] on exit from office, after Benjamin Disraeli's first government fell in the 1868 December General Election. In 1871 he went to Geneva during the arbitration between the United Kingdom and the USA on the Alabama claims. He was later private secretary to Foreign Secretary Lord Granville between 1880 and 1885, Senior Clerk at the Foreign Office between 1885 and 1889, Assistant Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1889 and 1894 and Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1894 and 1906. On 20 December 1905 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Sanderson, of Armthorpe in the County of York. [3]

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Personal life

Sanderson's nickname was 'Lamps' due to his strong spectacles. He died unmarried at Wimpole Street, London, in March 1923, aged 82, when the barony became extinct.

Wimpole Street street in City of Westminster, United Kingdom

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Baron Sanderson was a title created twice times in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first creation came on 20 December 1905 when the civil servant Sir Thomas Sanderson was made Baron Sanderson, of Armthorpe in the County of York. He was Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1894 and 1896. Sanderson was the second son of Richard Sanderson, Conservative Member of Parliament for Colchester. The title became extinct on his death on 21 March 1923. The second creation came on 18 June 1930 when the noted academic Henry Sanderson Furniss was made Baron Sanderson, of Hunmanby in the County of York. The title became extinct on his death on 25 March 1939.

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References

  1. SANDERSON, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2016 (online edition, Oxford University Press, 2014)
  2. Vincent, J. R. (1978) Disraeli, Derby and the Conservative Party: Journals and Memoirs of Edward Henry, Lord Stanley, 1849-1869 Hassocks, Harvester Pass p338
  3. "No. 27868". The London Gazette . 29 December 1905. p. 9320.
National Portrait Gallery, London Art museum in London

The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people. It was the first portrait gallery in the world when it opened in 1856. The gallery moved in 1896 to its current site at St Martin's Place, off Trafalgar Square, and adjoining the National Gallery. It has been expanded twice since then. The National Portrait Gallery also has regional outposts at Beningbrough Hall in Yorkshire and Montacute House in Somerset. It is unconnected to the Scottish National Portrait Gallery in Edinburgh, with which its remit overlaps. The gallery is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Philip Currie
Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
1894–1906
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Hardinge
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Sanderson
1905–1923
Extinct