Thomas Saunders Gholson

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  2. Virginia Biographical Encyclopedia, available online
  3. does not include the marriage record, nor baptismal or death records for the children, but all are listed on findagrave and a family genealogy and supported by the 1850 U.S. census available online; no record exists of what happened to their daughter Cary (b. 1848) beyond her mention as 17 years old in the 1860 census.
  4. Gay Neale, Brunswick County, Virginia: 1720–1975 (revised to 2000) (Lawrenceville, Brunswick County Bicentennial Committee 1999) p. 141
  5. "Journal of the House of Delegates of the State of Virginia". 1846.
  6. 1860 U.S. Federal Census Slave schedule Dinwiddie, Petersburg West Ward. The federal slave schedule shows him as owning 15 enslaved persons, including 5 children, which seems low for the property valuation, but may include only slaves in Petersburg. The corresponding Virginia schedules for 1850 and 1860 are not available online. The 1840 U.S. Federal Census for Brunswick not stated shows T.S. Gholson owning 13 enslaved persons. He only owned $7500 in real estate according to the 1850 U.S. Federal Census for Petersburg (independent city), and may have been supporting his brother's widow Charlotte and daughter Mary as well; that federal slave schedule is missing or misindexed.
  7. The source, Biographies of Notable Americans (1904), vol. IV, p. 272, available online at, does not indicate whether that railroad involvemewnt occurred before or after the war, or both.
  8. Virginia at War, 1865 p. 123 n7 available at googlebooks, but need better cite--pamphlet not in Library of Virginia catalog tho should be archived, may be at VHS. Neale history of Brunswick County, at pp. 134–135 and 207 variously indicates this Thomas or his brother was one of the main spokesmen against allowing black troops to fight on the Southern side. The book inaccurately lists both Gholson brothers as moving to Petersburg in 1850. It also indicates a lawyer kinsman, William Yates Gholson, moved to Mississippi, freed his slaves and moved to Ohio because it was a free state, but not that W.Y. Gholson became a Republican, law partner of Salmon P. Chase and won election to the Ohio Supreme Court in 1858.
  9. U.S. Pardons under Amnesty Proclamations, Vol. 16 August thru October 1865; unlike other instances, the underlying documents are not available at Petersburg became the political stronghold of former Confederate General turned Republican, William Mahone, so it is unclear whether Gholson was part of Mahone's postwar railroad reorganization efforts.
Thomas Saunders Gholson
Member of the Second Confederate Congress from Prince George, Virginia
In office
March 1864 May 1865