Thomas Savage, 3rd Earl Rivers

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Thomas Savage, 3rd Earl Rivers

Rivers Memorial St Michaels Macclesfield Cheshire UK.jpg

Thomas Savage, 3rd Earl Rivers
Bornc.1628
Cheshire, England
Died 14 September 1694 (aged 6566)
Great Queen Street, Parish of St Giles in the Fields, Middlesex
Nationality English
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Scrope
Lady Arabella Bertie
Children Hon. Thomas Savage
Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers
Lady Elizabeth Savage
Lady Annabella Savage
Parent(s) John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers
Hon. Catherine Parker

Thomas Savage, 3rd Earl Rivers (c.1628 14 September 1694) was an English peer.

He was the first son of John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers by his wife Catherine, daughter of William Parker, 13th Baron Morley. [1] His father was closely involved in the English Civil War on the Royalist side from 1641. Consequently, he lost his castles at Halton and Rocksavage and their contents were confiscated.

John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers was a wealthy English politician and Royalist from Cheshire.

English Civil War series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance. The first (1642–1646) and second (1648–1649) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

Cavalier royalist supporter during and following the English Civil War

The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration. It was later adopted by the Royalists themselves. Although it referred originally to political and social attitudes and behaviour, of which clothing was a very small part, it has subsequently become strongly identified with the fashionable clothing of the court at the time. Prince Rupert, commander of much of Charles I's cavalry, is often considered to be an archetypal Cavalier.

About 1647, he married firstly Elizabeth (b. 1627), illegitimate daughter of Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland by his mistress Martha Jeanes. Their children included: Thomas, who married Charlotte, daughter of Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby; Richard, who succeeded as 4th Earl Rivers; Elizabeth; and Annabella. They also had other children who died young. [1]

Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland, 11th Baron Scrope of Bolton was an English nobleman. He was Lord President of the King's Council in the North.

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Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers English soldier and rake

Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers PC was the second son of Thomas, 3rd Earl and his first wife Elizabeth Scrope. After the death about 1680 of his elder brother Thomas, styled Viscount Colchester, he was designated by that title until he succeeded to the peerage.

He was widely believed to be a Roman Catholic, and during the Popish Plot he was denounced by informers, but the evidence was so flimsy that no charges were ever brought against him.

Popish Plot fictitious anti-Catholic conspiracy in England

The Popish Plot was a fictitious conspiracy concocted by Titus Oates that between 1678 and 1681 gripped the Kingdoms of England and Scotland in anti-Catholic hysteria. Oates alleged that there was an extensive Catholic conspiracy to assassinate Charles II, accusations that led to the executions of at least 22 men and precipitated the Exclusion Bill Crisis. Eventually Oates's intricate web of accusations fell apart, leading to his arrest and conviction for perjury.

About 1684, he married secondly Arabella, daughter of Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey. They had no issue. [1]

Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey PC FRS, styled Lord Willoughby de Eresby from 1642 to 1666, was an English nobleman.

He died at his house in Great Queen Street in the Parish of St Giles in the Fields, Middlesex. A memorial to him by William Stanton was installed in St Michaels Church, Macclesfield. [2]

Great Queen Street street in the West End of central London in England

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Middlesex historic county of England

Middlesex is an ancient county in southeast England. It is now entirely within the wider urbanised area of London. Its area is now also mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties. It was established in the Anglo-Saxon system from the territory of the Middle Saxons, and existed as an official unit until 1965. The historic county includes land stretching north of the River Thames from 17 miles (27 km) west to 3 miles (5 km) east of the City of London with the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The largely low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, was the second smallest county by area in 1831.

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Documented evidence exists in the form of a pamphlet which details a murder by a Thomas Savage of St Giles in the Fields. It is likely the Thomas in question is the son of the 3rd Earl Rivers, or a family relation. [3]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Rivers, Earl (E, 1626 - 1737)". Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
  2. 3rd Earl Rivers Memorial, in St Michael's Church Macclesfield
  3. Shakespeare's England. "A murder of a maid – Thomas Savage" . Retrieved 2012-06-26.
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Savage
Earl Rivers
1654–1694
Succeeded by
Richard Savage