|Bishop of Jaffna|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Installed||6 July 1992|
|Term ended||13 October 2015|
|Other posts||Bishop of Mannar (1981-92)|
|Born||13 July 1938|
|Alma mater||Pontifical Urbaniana University|
Right Reverend Emmanuel Thomas Savundaranayagam (Tamil : இம்மானுவேல் தோமசு சௌந்தரநாயகம், Sinhala : තෝමස් සවුන්ද්රනායගම්; born 13 July 1938) is a Sri Lankan Tamil priest and former Roman Catholic Bishop of Jaffna.
Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Chindians, and Douglas. Tamil is an official language in three countries: India, Sri Lanka and Singapore. In India, it is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry. Furthermore, Tamil is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.
Sinhala, also known as Sinhalese, is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 16 million. Sinhala is also spoken as the first language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, totalling about four million. It belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. Sinhala is written using Sinhala script, which is one of the Brahmic scripts, a descendant of the ancient Indian Brahmi script closely related to the Kadamba script.
Savundaranayagam was born on 13 July 1938 in Kayts on the island of Velanaitivu in northern Ceylon.He was educated at St. Anthony's College, Kayts and St. Patrick's College, Jaffna. He then studied at St. Martin's Seminary, Jaffna and National Seminary, Ampitiya (1957–64). Savundaranayagam has a Doctor of Sacred Theology degree from the Pontifical Urbaniana University and a Diploma in Catechetics.
Kayts, is one of the important villages in Velanai Island which is a small island off the coast of the Jaffna Peninsula in northern Sri Lanka. There are number of other villages within the Velanai Islands such as Allaippiddi, Mankumpan, Velanai, Saravanai, Puliyankoodal, Suruvil, Naranthanai, Karampon and Melinchimunai.
Ceylon was the British Crown colony of present-day Sri Lanka between 1815 and 1948. Initially the area it covered did not include the Kingdom of Kandy, which was a protectorate, but from 1817 to 1948 the British possessions included the whole island of Ceylon, now the nation of Sri Lanka.
St. Patrick's College (SPC) is a private school in Gurunagar, Jaffna, Sri Lanka. It was founded in 1850 by Roman Catholic missionaries.
Savundaranayagam was ordained as a priest in December 1963.After his ordination he served as an assistant parish preist at St. Mary's Cathedral, Jaffna for few years. In January 1981 he was appointed Bishop of Mannar and was ordained as a bishop in July 1981 at the Shrine of Our Lady of Madhu. He became Bishop of Jaffna in July 1992. He retired in October 2015.
St. Mary's Cathedral is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jaffna located in Gurunagar, a suburb of Jaffna in northern Sri Lanka.
The Shrine of Our Lady of Madhu is a Roman Catholic Marian shrine in Mannar district of Sri Lanka. With a history of over 400 years, this shrine acts as a center for pilgrimage and worship for Sri Lankan Catholics. The site is considered as the holiest Catholic shrine in the island and is a well known place of devotion for both Tamil and Sinhalese Catholics. The church has been a symbol of unity not just between Tamils and Sinhalese, but also between people of different religions, including Buddhists, Hindus and Protestants.
Savundaranayagam is a strong activist for Tamil rights in Sri Lanka and humanitarian efforts in what is sometimes called "Tamil Eelam".He had called for international intervention to stop the Sri Lankan conflict.
Tamil Eelam is a proposed independent state that Tamils in Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora aspire to create in the north and east of Sri Lanka. Tamil Eelam, although encompassing the traditional homelands of Sri Lankan Tamils, has no official status or recognition by world states. Sections of the Eelam community were under de facto control of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for most of the 2000s. The name is derived from the ancient Tamil name for Sri Lanka, Eelam.
The Sri Lankan Civil War was a civil war fought on the island of Sri Lanka. Beginning on 23 July 1983, there was an intermittent insurgency against the government by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state called Tamil Eelam in the north and the east of the island. After a 26-year military campaign, the Sri Lankan military defeated the Tamil Tigers in May 2009, bringing the civil war to an end.
Events in the year 1938 in India. Indian independence – Government of India Act gives Indians a role in governing their provinces.
The Diocese of Jaffna is a Roman Catholic diocese for northern Sri Lanka, that dates back as far as the time of St. Francis Xavier. The current bishop is Justin Gnanapragasam.
Fr.Thiruchchelvam Nihal Jim Brown was a minority Sri Lankan Tamil, Roman Catholic parish priest who disappeared during the Sri Lankan civil war. He was active helping his parishioners during the bombing of his church in northern Sri Lanka. He went missing with Wenceslaus Vinces Vimalathas on April 20, 2006 and is presumed dead.
Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don, often known simply as Malcolm Ranjith or Albert Malcolm Ranjith, is the cardinal of the Catholic Church, Sri Lanka. He is the ninth and current Archbishop of Colombo, serving since 2009. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2010.
Father Victor Gnanapragasam OMI is the first prefect of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.
Deshamanya Suppiah Sharvananda was the 37th Chief Justice of Sri Lanka and the first Governor of the Western Province.
Mariampillai Thaddeus Sarathjeevan was a catholic priest from Jaffna, Sri Lanka. He was one of the few priests who remained with the refugees until the end of war in northern parts of Sri Lanka. He died while he was leading the last batch of refugees to safety from war zone.
Reverend Xavier S. Thani Nayagam was a Tamil scholar known for setting up the International Association for Tamil Research (IATR) and organising the first World Tamil Conference. He is praised as the "Roving Ambassador for Tamil".
Reverend Father S. J. Emmanuel is a Sri Lankan Tamil Catholic priest, activist and president of the Global Tamil Forum, an umbrella organisation for Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora groups.
Right Reverend Rayappu Joseph is a Sri Lanka Tamil priest and the former Roman Catholic Bishop of Mannar.
Right Reverend Jacob Bastiampillai Deogupillai was a Ceylon Tamil priest and Roman Catholic Bishop of Jaffna.
Right Reverend Jerome Emilianuspillai was a Ceylon Tamil priest and Roman Catholic Bishop of Jaffna.
Right Reverend Dr. Joseph Kingsley Swampillai is a Sri Lankan Tamil priest and former Roman Catholic Bishop of Trincomalee.
Alfred Leo Saverimuthu Thambiayah was a Ceylon Tamil businessman, politician and Member of Parliament.
Right Reverend Joseph Ponniah is a Sri Lanka Tamil priest and the current Roman Catholic Bishop of Batticaloa.
Right Reverend Justin Bernard Gnanapragasam is a Sri Lanka Tamil priest and the current Roman Catholic Bishop of Jaffna.
Right Reverend Dr. Fidelis Lionel Emmanuel Fernando is a Sri Lankan priest and current Roman Catholic Bishop of Mannar. He is the first Bishop appointed from among the Bharatha community of Sri Lanka.
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|Catholic Church titles|
|New title|| Bishop of Mannar |
24 January 1981 – 6 July 1992
| Bishop of Jaffna |
6 July 1992 – 13 October 2015