Thomas Scawen

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Sir Thomas Scawen (c. 1650 – 22 September 1730) was a British merchant, financier and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1708 and 1722. He was Governor of the Bank of England from 1721 to 1723.

Contents

Early life

Scawen was a younger son of Robert Scawen of Horton, Buckinghamshire and his wife Catherine Alsop, daughter of Cavendish Alsop merchant of London. He married Martha Wessell, the daughter of Abraham Wessell, a London merchant, on 8 September 1691. [1]

Career

Like his brother William, Scawen was a successful London merchant. He was an Apprentice of the Fishmongers’ Company in 1671, a freeman in 1679, and a liveryman in 1685. In 1699 he was a member of the Russia Company. He was an assistant at the Fishmonger's Company in 1704 and was a director of the Bank of England from 1705 to 1719. At the 1708 British general election he was returned unopposed as Whig Member of Parliament for Grampound. He was also Prime Warden of the Fishmongers’ Company from 1708 to 1710. In Parliament, he supported the naturalization of the Palatines in 1709, and voted for the impeachment of Dr Sacheverell in 1710. He did not stand at the 1710 British general election. On 29 January 1712, he was elected an alderman for Cornhill, London. [2] He was knighted on 25 September 1714. [1]

At the 1715 British general election, Scawen was elected MP for City of London. From 1719, he was a Director of the Bank of England until 1721 when he became Governor of the Bank of England. In 1722 he inherited the manor of Horton from his brother William. The remainder of William's estates passed to Thomas's eldest son, also Thomas. From 1723 to his death, Scawen was a Deputy Governor. [3]

Death and legacy

Scawen died on 22 September 1730 at Carshalton, and was buried at Horton, Buckinghamshire. He and his wife had five sons and four daughters. He left Horton to his eldest son, Thomas, who married a daughter of Hon. James Russell, and was the father of James Scawen, MP for Surrey. The remainder of his properties went to his younger sons. His daughter Catherine married Sir John Shelley, 4th Baronet and other daughters married John Trenchard and Sir Nathaniel Mead. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "SCAWEN, Thomas (c.1649-1730), of St. Stephen Walbrook, London, and Carshalton, Surr". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  2. Alfred P Beaven. ", 'Chronological list of aldermen: 1701-1800', in The Aldermen of the City of London Temp. Henry III - 1912 (London, 1908), pp. 119-140". British History Online. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  3. "SCAWEN, Sir Thomas (c.1650-1730), of Walbrook, London and Horton, Bucks". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 12 August 2013.

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Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Craggs
Francis Scobell
Member of Parliament for Grampound
17081710
With: James Craggs
Succeeded by
James Craggs
Thomas Coke
Preceded by
Sir William Withers
Sir Richard Hoare
Sir George Newland
Sir John Cass
Member of Parliament for the City of London
1715–1722
With: Robert Heysham
Peter Godfrey
Sir John Ward
Succeeded by
Peter Godfrey
Richard Lockwood
Sir John Barnard
Francis Child
Government offices
Preceded by
John Hanger
Governor of the Bank of England
1721–1723
Succeeded by
Sir Gilbert Heathcote