Thomas Schöning

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Thomas Schöning (* probably in Riga; † 11 August 1539 in Kokenhusen) was Archbishop of Riga. He was a member of a prominent Riga burgher family and son of Johann Schöning. He studied at the University of Rostock between 1499 and 1500. Schöning was notable for the dating of coins. During his reign from 1528 to 1539, mark, shilling, and pfenning coins from Riga bore the family shield of Thomas Schöning.

Riga City in Latvia

Riga is the capital and largest city of Latvia. With 637,827 inhabitants (2018), it is also the largest city in the three Baltic states, home to one third of Latvia's population and one tenth of the three Baltic states' combined population. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga, at the mouth of the Daugava river. Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) and lies 1–10 m above sea level, on a flat and sandy plain.

Johann Schöning (1458–1502) was mayor of Riga. In 1476 he was elected as a member of the Riga council. He is considered one of the most important representatives of the city of Riga at the end of the 15th Century, especially in Hanseatic League and Livonian Landtag, but also as an envoy to Sweden and Russia.

University of Rostock university

The University of Rostock is a public university located in Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Founded in 1419, it is the third-oldest university in Germany. It is the oldest and largest university in continental northern Europe and the Baltic Sea area, and 8th oldest in Central Europe. It was the 5th university established in the Holy Roman Empire.

With the growing strength of the Reformation centered in Livonia, his position was difficult. Schöning moved his residency to the archbishop's palace at Kokenhusen in 1528 because of the conflict with the city of Riga and the Order of Livonia. He found unusual support in Duke Albert of Prussia, who was part of the Protestant movement. Duke Albrecht recommended Schöning appoint the duke's brother, Wilhelm von Brandenburg, as his coadjutor (assistant) and eventual successor. His body was buried in the parish church of Kukenhusen.

Reformation Schism within the Christian Church in the 16th-century

The Reformation was a movement in Western Christianity in 16th-century Europe. Although the Reformation is usually considered to have started with the publication of the Ninety-five Theses by Martin Luther in 1517, there was no schism until the 1521 Edict of Worms. The edicts of the Diet condemned Luther and officially banned citizens of the Holy Roman Empire from defending or propagating his ideas. The end of the Reformation era is disputed, it could be considered to end with the enactment of the confessions of faith which began the Age of Orthodoxy. Other suggested ending years relate to the Counter-Reformation, the Peace of Westphalia, or that it never ended since there are still Protestants today.

Livonia historic region along the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea

Livonia is a historical region on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea. It is named after the Livonians, who lived on the shores of present-day Latvia.

Wilhelm von Brandenburg Roman Catholic archbishop

Wilhelm von Brandenburg was the Archbishop of Riga from 1539 to 1561.

Eventually, the Archbishopric of Riga was abolished in 1561 due to the conversion of the Livonian Order's territory from Catholicism to Lutheranism at the beginning of Swedish rule.

Archbishopric of Riga

The Archbishopric of Riga was an archbishopric in Medieval Livonia, a subject to the Holy See. It was established in 1186 as the bishopric of Livonia at Ikšķile, then after moving to Riga it became the bishopric of Riga in 1202 and was elevated to an archbishopric in 1255.

Coins minted in Riga between 1528 and 1539 bore this family coat of arms of Archbishop of Riga Thomas Schoning - two beams at angle with three Linden trees. Thomas Schoning family coat of arms.tiff
Coins minted in Riga between 1528 and 1539 bore this family coat of arms of Archbishop of Riga Thomas Schöning - two beams at angle with three Linden trees.

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References

<i>Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie</i> biographical reference work

Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie is one of the most important and most comprehensive biographical reference works in the German language.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Johannes VII Blankenfeld
Bishop of Livonia
1528–1539
Succeeded by
Wilhelm von Brandenburg