Thomas Andreas Finn Schram (9 October 1882 – 15 July 1950) was a Norwegian physician, best known for his endeavor against tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis. About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those affected. The classic symptoms of active TB are a chronic cough with blood-containing sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. It was historically called "consumption" due to the weight loss. Infection of other organs can cause a wide range of symptoms.
He was born in Kristiania as a son of wholesaler Thomas Andreas Schram (1835–1890) and Mathilde Just (1850–1901).He was a brother of businessperson Jacob Schram and art historian Irma Schram, and thus a brother-in-law of Mads Gram. Another sister Elisabeth was married to Johan Fredrik Gram, a brother of Mads Gram.
Oslo is the capital and most populous city of Norway. It constitutes both a county and a municipality. Founded in the year 1040 as Ánslo, and established as a kaupstad or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada, the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 reduced its influence, and with Sweden from 1814 to 1905 it functioned as a co-official capital. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV, a new city was built closer to Akershus Fortress and named Christiania in the king's honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt) on 1 January 1838. The city's name was spelled Kristiania between 1877 and 1897 by state and municipal authorities. In 1925 the city was renamed Oslo.
Jacob Christian Just Schram was a Norwegian businessperson.
Harald Mathias "Mads" Gram was a Norwegian physician.
In 1912 he married writer Constance Wiel Nygaard (1890–1955), a daughter of book publisher William Martin Nygaardand sister of book publisher Mads Wiel Nygaard.
Constance Wiel Nygaard Schram was a Norwegian writer and translator. She was the daughter of William Martin Nygaard (1865–1912) and Constance Wiel (1866–1931). Constance was the eldest of seven siblings, one of her brothers was the publisher, Mads Wiel Nygaard. She married Thomas Schram, and they had a son, Andreas.
William Martin Nygaard was a Norwegian publisher and politician.
He finished his secondary education in 1901 and graduated from the Royal Frederick University with the cand.med. degree in 1909. He was a candidate at Ullevål Hospital from 1910 to 1911, then moved to Western Norway as assisting physician at Lyster Sanatorium. Before the end of the year 1912 he became municipal physician in Grytten and Hen.From 1914 to 1915 he studied under Brauer in Eppendorf and Friedrich von Müller in Munich.
Examen artium was the name of the academic certification conferred in Denmark and Norway, qualifying the student for admission to university studies. Examen artium was originally introduced as the entrance exam of the University of Copenhagen in 1630. The University of Copenhagen was the only university of Denmark-Norway until The Royal Frederick University in Christiania was founded in 1811.
The University of Oslo, until 1939 named the Royal Frederick University, is the oldest university in Norway, located in the Norwegian capital of Oslo. Until 1 January 2016 it was the largest Norwegian institution of higher education in terms of size, now surpassed only by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. The Academic Ranking of World Universities has ranked it the 58th best university in the world and the third best in the Nordic countries. In 2015, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked it the 135th best university in the world and the seventh best in the Nordics. While in its 2016, Top 200 Rankings of European universities, the Times Higher Education listed the University of Oslo at 63rd, making it the highest ranked Norwegian university.
Western Norway is the region along the Atlantic coast of southern Norway. It consists of the counties Rogaland, Hordaland, Sogn og Fjordane, and Møre og Romsdal. The region has a population of approximately 1.3 million people. The largest city is Bergen and the second-largest is Stavanger. Historically the regions of Agder, Vest-Telemark, Hallingdal, Valdres and northern parts of Gudbrandsdal have been included in Western Norway.
In 1916 he became reserve physician at Landeskogen Sanatorium, the first state sanatorium for tuberculosis. He went on to the tuberculosis department of Kristiania Health Council in 1918, then became chief physician at Vensmoen Tuberculosis Sanatorium in 1921 and Ringvål Tuberculosis Sanatorium in 1935. He retired in 1947. He became a board member of Den norske nationalforening mot tuberkulose in 1922 and the specialist board in the Norwegian Medical Association in 1932. He later chaired Norske Lægers Tuberkuloseselskap from 1945, having served as a board member since 1935.
The Norwegian Medical Association is the main Norwegian medical association and trade union, and was founded in 1886. It has 32 555 members or about 96% of all Norwegian doctors. Marit Hermansen is the current president of the association. It is affiliated with the Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations. The association publishes the Journal of the Norwegian Medical Association, established in 1881.
He was decorated as a Knight, First Class of the Order of St. Olav in 1947.Schram, who lived in Halden in his later life, died in Trondheim in July 1950 and was buried at Vår Frelsers gravlund.
The Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav is a Norwegian order of chivalry instituted by King Oscar I on August 21, 1847. It is named after King Olav II, known to posterity as St. Olav.
Trondheim is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It has a population of 193,501, and is the third-most populous municipality in Norway, although the fourth largest urban area. Trondheim lies on the south shore of Trondheim Fjord at the mouth of the River Nidelva. The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), the Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF), St. Olavs University Hospital and other technology-oriented institutions.
Marius Nygaard was a Norwegian educator and linguist.
Marius Nygaard was a Norwegian judge.
Emil Steen was a Norwegian businessman.
Ole Andreas Stang was a Norwegian businessperson and landowner.
Ole Andreas Stang was a Norwegian businessperson, who owned and led the company Maarud from 1960 to 1983.
Thomas Stang was a Norwegian forester and businessperson. He is known as founder of the company Maarud, and also as husband of actress Wenche Foss.
Oscar Collett was a Norwegian landowner and benefactor.
Trygve Wettre was a Norwegian businessperson.
Jens Gram was a Norwegian barrister and politician.
Peder "Per" Gram was a Norwegian barrister. His main contributions came within maritime law, as chief executive officer of the Nordisk Defence Club.
Nils Juell Dybwad was a Norwegian barrister. He was chief executive officer of the Nordisk Defence Club for twenty-five years.
Irma Ingertha Gram, née Schram was a Norwegian art historian.
Johan Christian Heuch Bugge was a Norwegian barrister.
Odd Kjeldsberg Stub was a Norwegian physician. He was best known as chief physician at Trondheim Hospital and chair of the Norwegian Hospital Association, and specialized in fighting tuberculosis.
Ole Jacob Skattum was a Norwegian geographer, educator and politician for the Liberal Left Party.
Kristian Garup Meidell, sometimes just Garup Meidell was a Norwegian barrister.