Thomas Scott-Ellis, 8th Baron Howard de Walden

Last updated

Thomas, 8th Baron Howard de Walden Thomas Scott-Ellis, 8th Baron Howard de Walden.jpg
Thomas, 8th Baron Howard de Walden

Thomas Evelyn Scott-Ellis, 8th Baron Howard de Walden, 4th Baron Seaford (9 May 1880 – 5 November 1946) [1] was an English peer, landowner, writer and patron of the arts.

Contents

Lord Howard de Walden was also a powerboat racer who competed for Great Britain in the 1908 Summer Olympics. [2]

Early life

Thomas Ellis was born in London on 9 May 1880, the only son of the 7th Baron Howard de Walden and Blanche Ellis (née Holden), daughter of William Holden the co-heir of Palace house, Lancaster. [3] [4] He was baptised with the name of Thomas Evelyn Ellis, and was known within his family as "Tommy". Educated at Eton College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in 1917 he assumed the surname Scott-Ellis by Royal Licence. [5]

Military career

Commissioned into the 10th Hussars as a second-lieutenant on 19 April 1899, and honorary colonel of the Royal Scots Fusiliers, [6] he saw active military service in the Second Boer War and was promoted to lieutenant on 1 April 1900. [7] Following the end of that war, he retired from active service in August 1902. [8] He was appointed a captain (supernumerary) in the 2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons) on 13 September 1902. [9] Scott-Ellis resumed active military service during World War I, being promoted Major in the Royal Tank Corps. [10]

Collecting and interests

Crosnewydd hall, Wrexham, U.K. Croesnewydd near Wrexham S.E. view property of Ellice Esq. 1796.jpg
Crosnewydd hall, Wrexham, U.K.

After succeeding to his family titles in 1899 he received his inherited estates when he came of age in 1901. This included a large part of Marylebone, London and earned him the title of 'Britain's wealthiest bachelor'. His fortune derived from his grandmother's estates which she had inherited as daughter of the Duke of Portland. The Ellis family estates, built on slavery and sugar estates in Jamaica, primarily Montpelier, Jamaica had been conveyed by his grandmother to his uncle, Evelyn Henry Ellis, in 1891. [11] Lord Howard de Walden took a lease on Audley End House, Essex which had once belonged to his ancestors, in 1904 but reportedly never felt settled there. The artist Auguste Rodin created a bust of Lord Howard de Walden in 1906 which is held in the collection kept at the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia. [12] He purchased 'Croesnewydd hall' near Wrexham in 1929 which had been the home of his ancestors; that in between leasing Chirk Castle, Denbighshire from 1911 in preparation for his marriage, which became his main residence after World War I until 1946; and where he learned the Welsh language, he also spent time at 'Plas Llanina', Ceredigion. [3] The Barony also inherited Dean Castle in Kilmarnock via inheritance from his grandmother, the 6th Baron's wife, 'Lady Lucy Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck'. [13]

A great sportsman, he was back up for the British fencing team at the 'Intercalated games' at Athens, 1906. He was a member of a Jockey club between 1905-1924, and had passions for horse-racing and sailing. He interested in powerboats, [14] and was crew member of the Dylan he participated in the first and only motor boat competitions at the Olympics of 1908 in London. [15] His steam yacht, Branwen,135 feet (41 m) length overall, launched 28 October 1905 was the first vessel built at the John I. Thornycroft & Company's Woolston yard. [16] [17]

In 1914 he provided financial support for the creation of Crab Tree Club in London and also in that year he was one of the people "blessed" in Wyndham Lewis's Blast magazine

Thomas had been awarded the a degree of LL.D. honoris causa by the University of Wales, he was President of the National Museum of Wales also a governor in the National Library of Wales. [3] He'd also been made a trustee of the Tate Gallery in 1938 and served as president of the Campaign for the Protection of Rural Wales from 1931 to 1945. [18] In 1934 he served as treasurer of the Royal Salop Infirmary in Shrewsbury. [19]

Lord Howard de Walden became a keen heraldist and genealogist, as well as amassing one of the most extensive collections of British armour, most of which is now on display at Dean Castle, Kilmarnock. [20] Augustus John, in his memoirs, recalls visiting de Walden at Chirk Castle and being "greatly impressed to find our host one morning, clad, cap-à-pie, in a suit of ancient armor and reading his newspaper." [21]

Lord Howard de Walden was also an author, who produced several plays under the pseudonym of T. E. Ellis. [3] His passion was to do with literature from the medieval period, especially Welsh literature. He participated in writing in the National Eisteddfod of Wales, in particular to do with the fables of the Mabinogion. [14]

Dispute with John Lewis

John Lewis of the eponymous department store on Oxford Street engaged in a protracted legal dispute with de Walden, his ground landlord, over the Holles Street premises. The litigation went through the courts for twenty-three years and cost Lewis £40,000. At one point John Lewis was sent to Brixton Jail for contempt of court, and de Walden sued him for libel following his erection of placards at his stores. The case was eventually settled amicably. [22]

Family

Blason du 8th Lord Howard de Walden.svg

In 1912, Lord Howard de Walden married Margherita Dorothy van Raalte (CBE, DStJ, born 1890 died 1974); [23] herself a collector of antiquities. Their six children were:

Lord Howard de Walden died, aged 66, on 5 November 1946 in London, [4] [29] being succeeded in the family titles by his son, John Osmael Scott-Ellis.

Works

See also

Related Research Articles

Marquess of Bristol

Marquess of Bristol is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom held by the Hervey family since 1826. The Marquess's subsidiary titles are: Earl of Bristol, Earl Jermyn, of Horningsheath in the County of Suffolk (1826), and Baron Hervey, of Ickworth in the County of Suffolk (1703). The Barony of Hervey is in the Peerage of England, the Earldom of Bristol in the Peerage of Great Britain and the Earldom of Jermyn in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Earl Jermyn is used as courtesy title by the Marquess's eldest son and heir. The Marquess of Bristol also holds the office of Hereditary High Steward of the Liberty of St. Edmund. The present holder of these titles is Frederick Hervey, the 8th Marquess and 12th Earl of Bristol.

Earl of Suffolk Title in the Peerage of England

Earl of Suffolk is a title that has been created four times in the Peerage of England. The first creation, in tandem with the creation of the title of Earl of Norfolk, came before 1069 in favour of Ralph the Staller; but the title was forfeited by his heir, Ralph de Guader, in 1074. The second creation came in 1337 in favour of Robert de Ufford; the title became extinct on the death of his son, the second Earl, in 1382. The third creation came in 1385 in favour of Michael de la Pole. The fourth creation came in 1603. Lord Thomas Howard was the second son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, by his second marriage to Margaret, daughter and heiress of the Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden. Howard was a prominent naval commander and politician and served as Earl Marshal, as Lord Chamberlain of the Household and as Lord High Treasurer. In 1597 he was summoned to Parliament as Baron Howard de Walden, and in 1603 he was further honoured when he was created Earl of Suffolk. His second son the Hon. Thomas Howard was created Earl of Berkshire in 1626.

Baron Seaford, of Seaford in the County of Sussex, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 1 July 1826 for Charles Ellis, a Jamaican sugar planter and slave-owner who had earlier represented Heytesbury, Seaford and East Grinstead in the House of Commons. In 1798 he married the Hon. Elizabeth Catherine Caroline Hervey, daughter of John Hervey, Lord Hervey, eldest son of Frederick Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol and 5th Baron Howard de Walden. In 1803 Lord Seaford's four-year-old son Charles Ellis inherited the barony of Howard de Walden from his great-grandfather and became the sixth Baron Howard de Walden. In 1845 he also succeeded his father as second Baron Seaford.

William Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland

William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland,, styled Marquess of Titchfield until 1809, was a British politician who served in various positions in the governments of George Canning and Lord Goderich.

Baron Howard de Walden Title in the Peerage of England

Baron Howard de Walden is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created by writ of summons in 1597 by Queen Elizabeth I for Admiral Lord Thomas Howard, a younger son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, by his second wife, the Honourable Margaret Audley, daughter of Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden.

John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey 13th-century English nobleman and military commander

John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey was a prominent English nobleman and military commander during the reigns of Henry III of England and Edward I of England. During the Second Barons' War he switched sides twice, ending up in support of the king, for whose capture he was present at Lewes in 1264. Warenne was later appointed a Guardian of Scotland and featured prominently in Edward I's wars in Scotland.

Simon Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat

Major-General Simon Joseph Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat and 3rd Baron Lovat,, was a leading Roman Catholic aristocrat, landowner, forester, soldier, politician and the 23rd Chief of Clan Fraser. While legally the 14th Lord Lovat, he was referred to as the 16th Lord, due to two previous Lord Lovats forfeiting the title.

Charles Augustus Ellis, 6th Baron Howard de Walden and 2nd Baron Seaford, was a British diplomat and politician.

Charles Harbord, 5th Baron Suffield British Baron, courtier and Liberal politician

Charles Harbord, 5th Baron Suffield, was a British peer, courtier and Liberal politician. A close friend of Edward VII, he served as a Lord of the Bedchamber and Lord-in-waiting to the King. He also held political office as Master of the Buckhounds under William Gladstone between February and July 1886.

Lord William Cecil (courtier)

Colonel Lord William Cecil was a British army officer and royal courtier.

James Louis Lindsay was a British Conservative Party politician.

Thrumpton Hall

Thrumpton Hall is an English country house in the village of Thrumpton near Nottingham. It operated as a wedding venue until November 2020.

Francis Robert Stonor, 4th Baron Camoys was a British aristocrat who served as Lord-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria.

John Osmael Scott-Ellis, 9th Baron Howard de Walden, 5th Baron Seaford was a British peer, landowner, and a Thoroughbred racehorse owner/breeder. He was the son of Margarita van Raalte and her husband, Thomas Scott-Ellis, 8th Baron Howard de Walden, and was educated at Eton College.

Henry Lopes, 2nd Baron Ludlow

Henry Ludlow Lopes, 2nd Baron Ludlow, was a British barrister and politician.

George Fitzroy Seymour was High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire in 1966 and Deputy Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire.

Frederick Ellis, 7th Baron Howard de Walden

Frederick George Ellis, 7th Baron Howard de Walden and 3rd Baron Seaford, was a British landowner and at one point "the wealthiest peer in England".

Egor Egorovich Staal

Baron Egor Egorovich Staal was a Russian diplomat, who served as ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1884 to 1902.

Arthur Ellis (British Army officer)


Major-General Sir Arthur Edward Augustus Ellis, was a British Army officer and courtier in the Household of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

Henrietta Bentinck, Duchess of Portland, formerly Henrietta Scott, was the wife of William Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland.

References

  1. "Lord Thomas Evelyn Scott-Ellis, 8th Baron Howard de Walden". geni.com.
  2. "Thomas Scott-Ellis". Olympedia. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "SCOTT-ELLIS, THOMAS EVELYN (1880 - 1946), 8th BARON HOWARD DE WALDEN and 4th BARON SEAFORD, landowner and sportsman, writer, and patron of the arts". Dictionary of Welsh Biography . National Library of Wales. 1959.
  4. 1 2 Maclagan, Michael; H.C.G. Matthew (2004). "Ellis, Thomas Evelyn Scott-, eighth Baron Howard de Walden (1880–1946)" . In Matthew, H. C. G (ed.). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (1st Online Edition 2011 January ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35995 . Retrieved 1 June 2014.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. "College of Arms - College of Arms". www.college-of-arms.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  6. Hesilrige 1921, p. 487.
  7. Hart 1902, London.
  8. "No. 27460". The London Gazette . 1 August 1902. p. 4963.
  9. "No. 27473". The London Gazette . 12 September 1902. p. 5890.
  10. "Royal Tank Regiment". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  11. Higman 2004, p. 67.
  12. "Lord Thomas Evelyn Howard de Walden, Musée Rodin, Les collections du Musée Rodin". Musée Rodin (in French). Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  13. "Dean Castle". kilmarnock.com.
  14. 1 2 "Thomas Evelyn Scott-Ellis, 8th Baron Howard de Walden (1880-1946)". library.leeds.ac.uk.
  15. "RMYC - The Royal Motor Yacht Club, Poole Harbour, Dorset". The Royal Motor Yacht Club. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  16. "The Steam Yacht Branwen". International Marine Engineering. Marine Engineering. 11 (August): 317–318. 1906. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  17. "Shipbuilding Notes". Page's Weekly. Page's Weekly, London. 7 (Friday, 3 November 1905): 1009. 1905. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  18. Brace, M (2004). '‘The History of the Campaign for the Protection of Rural Wales. cprw.org.uk. p. 46. Campaign for the Protection of Rural Wales
  19. Keeling-Roberts 1981, p. xv.
  20. Trust, East Ayrshire Leisure (6 March 2019). "What's On". East Ayrshire Leisure Trust. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  21. Richards 1973, p. 225.
  22. "Obituary: Mr John Lewis". The Times . 9 June 1928. p. 16.
  23. "The Van Raalte Family". www.futuremuseum.co.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  24. "Harrach 1900-present". royaltyguide.nl.
  25. www.winchestercollegeatwar.com
  26. "Hon. (Esyllt) Priscilla ('Pip') Hanson (née Scott-Ellis) - National Portrait Gallery". www.npg.org.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  27. "Priscilla Scott-Ellis". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  28. "The Hall and Gardens - Thrumpton Hall Venue". Thrumpton Hall. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  29. "The Lordship & Barony of Kilmarnock". kilmarnock.com. 2011.

Books cited


Peerage of England
Preceded by Baron Howard de Walden
1899–1946
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Baron Seaford
1899–1946
Succeeded by