Thomas Scott (Ohio judge)

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Thomas Scott
Thomas Scott (Ohio).png
Associate Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court
In office
January 17, 1809 July 25, 1815
Preceded by Samuel H. Huntington
Succeeded by Jessup Nash Couch
Member of the OhioHouseofRepresentatives
from the Ross County district
In office
December 4, 1815 December 1, 1816
ServingwithJames Barnes
Duncan McArthur
Preceded byJohn McDougall
Samuel Swearingen
James Barnes
Succeeded byWilliam Vance
James Menary
James Barnes
Personal details
Born(1772-10-31)October 31, 1772
Maryland
DiedFebruary 13, 1856(1856-02-13) (aged 83)
Chillicothe, Ohio
Resting place Grandview Cemetery
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s)Catherine Wood
Childreneight [1]

Thomas Scott (October 31, 1772 February 13, 1856) was Clerk of the Ohio State Senate from 1803 to 1809 and an Ohio Supreme Court Judge from 1809 to 1816.

Contents

Thomas Scott was born at Oldtown, Frederick (now Allegany) County, Maryland. [2] At age eighteen, he was ordained to preach in the Methodist church and, in 1793, was placed in charge of the Ohio circuit. In May 1796, he married Catherine Wood. [3] He learned the art of tailoring, and studied law under James Brown of Lexington, Kentucky. He practiced in Flemingsburgh, Kentucky in 1799 and 1800. [3]

Ohio State of the United States of America

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.

Lexington, Kentucky Consolidated city-county in Kentucky, United States

Lexington, consolidated with Fayette County and often denoted as Lexington-Fayette, is the second-largest city in Kentucky and the 60th-largest city in the United States. By land area, Lexington is the 28th largest city in the United States. Known as the "Horse Capital of the World," it is the heart of the state's Bluegrass region. It has a nonpartisan mayor-council form of government, with 12 council districts and three members elected at large, with the highest vote-getter designated vice mayor. In the 2017 U.S. Census Estimate, the city's population was 321,959, anchoring a metropolitan area of 512,650 people and a combined statistical area of 856,849 people.

Flemingsburg, Kentucky City in Kentucky, United States

Flemingsburg is a home rule-class city in Fleming County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 2,658 at the 2010 census, down from 3,010 at the 2000 census. It is the seat of Fleming County.

Scott came to Chillicothe, Ohio early in 1801, and was licensed to practice in June, 1801. He was Clerk of the Northwest Territory Legislature that winter. In November, 1802, he was secretary at the State Constitutional Convention. [3] He was first justice of the peace in Ross County, [2] and was clerk of the Ohio Senate 1803-1809. [4] He was Prosecuting Attorney of Ross County, 1804 and 1805. [3]

Chillicothe, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Chillicothe is a city in and the county seat of Ross County, Ohio, United States. Located along the Scioto River 45 miles south of Columbus, Chillicothe was the first and third capital of Ohio.

Northwest Territory United States territory (1787-1803)

The Northwest Territory in the United States was formed after the American Revolutionary War, and was known formally as the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. It was the initial post-colonial Territory of the United States and encompassed most of pre-war British colonial territory west of the Appalachian mountains north of the Ohio River. It included all the land west of Pennsylvania, northwest of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River below the Great Lakes. It spanned all or large parts of six eventual U.S. States. It was created as a Territory by the Northwest Ordinance July 13, 1787, reduced to Ohio, eastern Michigan and a sliver of southeastern Indiana with the formation of Indiana Territory July 4, 1800, and ceased to exist March 1, 1803, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Ohio, and the remainder attached to Indiana Territory.

Ohio Constitutional Convention (1802)

The Enabling Act of 1802 was passed on April 30, 1802 by the Seventh Congress of the United States. This act authorized the residents of the eastern portion of the Northwest Territory to form the state of Ohio and join the U.S. on an equal footing with the other states. In doing so it also established the precedent and procedures for creation of future states in the western territories.

In 1809, Scott was chosen Judge of the Ohio Supreme Court, serving until he resigned July 25, 1815. [1] He was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives in 1815, and did not seek re-election. [5] Scott was a Whig until Henry Clay blocked his appointment as Federal District Judge. He then became a Democrat, remaining so until the candidacy of General Harrison in 1840, after which he returned to the Whigs. [3]

Ohio House of Representatives lower house of the Ohio General Assembly

The Ohio House of Representatives is the lower house of the Ohio General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio; the other house of the bicameral legislature being the Ohio Senate.

Whig Party (United States) Political party in the USA in the 19th century

The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States. Four presidents belonged to the party while in office. It emerged in the 1830s as the leading opponent of Jacksonian democracy, pulling together former members of the National Republican and the Anti-Masonic Party. It had some links to the upscale traditions of the long-defunct Federalist Party. Along with the rival Democratic Party, it was central to the Second Party System from the early 1840s to the mid-1860s. It originally formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. It became a formal party within his second term, and slowly receded influence after 1854. In particular terms, the Whigs supported the supremacy of Congress over the presidency and favored a program of modernization, banking and economic protectionism to stimulate manufacturing. It appealed to entrepreneurs, planters, reformers and the emerging urban middle class, but had little appeal to farmers or unskilled workers. It included many active Protestants and voiced a moralistic opposition to the Jacksonian Indian removal. Party founders chose the "Whig" name to echo the American Whigs of the 18th century who fought for independence. The political philosophy of the American Whig Party was not related to the British Whig party. Historian Frank Towers has specified a deep ideological divide:

Henry Clay American politician

Henry Clay Sr. was an American attorney and statesman who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives, served as 7th speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, and served as the 9th U.S. secretary of state. He received electoral votes for president in the 1824, 1832, and 1844 presidential elections and helped found both the National Republican Party and the Whig Party. For his role in defusing sectional crises, he earned the appellation of the "Great Compromiser."

From 1829 to 1845, Scott served as register of public lands at the Chillicothe Federal Land Office. [3] When he died February 13, 1856 at Chillicothe, he had been active as a lawyer longer than anyone in Ohio, and "probably, longer a preacher of the gospel than any other minister in the United States." [3] He is buried at Grandview Cemetery. [1]

Grandview Cemetery (Chillicothe, Ohio)

Grandview Cemetery is a cemetery in Chillicothe, Ohio.

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 The Supreme Court of Ohio and The Ohio Judicial System - Thomas Scott
  2. 1 2 Howe 1891  : 192
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Evans 1917  : 160-162
  4. Ohio 1917  : 217-218
  5. Ohio 1917  : 258

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References

Henry Howe American historian

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Ohio General Assembly state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio

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Ohio Senate
Preceded by
William C. Schenck
Clerk of the Senate
1803-1809
Succeeded by
Isaiah Morris