Thomas Scott (1705–1775) was an English nonconformist minister, known as a writer of hymns.
In English church history, a Nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England. Broad use of the term was precipitated after the Restoration of the British monarchy in 1660, when the Act of Uniformity 1662 re-established the opponents of reform within the Church of England. By the late 19th century the term specifically included the Reformed Christians, plus the Baptists and Methodists. The English Dissenters such as the Puritans who violated the Act of Uniformity 1559—typically by practising radical, sometimes separatist, dissent—were retrospectively labelled as Nonconformists.
A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification. The word hymn derives from Greek ὕμνος (hymnos), which means "a song of praise". A writer of hymns is known as a hymnodist. The singing or composition of hymns is called hymnody. Collections of hymns are known as hymnals or hymn books. Hymns may or may not include instrumental accompaniment.
He was a younger son of Thomas Scott, an Independent minister at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, where he was born, and later of Norwich; he was the brother of Joseph Nicol Scott and Elizabeth Scott, and nephew of Dr. Daniel Scott. He was probably educated by his father, and while still young took charge of a small boarding-school at Wortwell, in the parish of Redenhall, Norfolk. While there he once a month preached to the Independent congregation at Harleston in the same parish.
Hitchin is a market town in the North Hertfordshire District in Hertfordshire, England, with an estimated population of 33,350.
Hertfordshire is one of the home counties in southern England. It is bordered by Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire to the north, Essex to the east, Greater London to the south, and Buckinghamshire to the west. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region.
Norwich is a city in Norfolk, England. Granted historic city status, and situated on the River Wensum in East Anglia, it lies approximately 100 miles (160 km) north-east of London. It is the county town of Norfolk and is considered the capital of East Anglia, with a population of 141,300. From the Middle Ages until the Industrial Revolution, Norwich was the largest city in England after London, and one of the most important.
In 1733 Scott became minister of the dissenting congregation at Lowestoft, Suffolk. While perhaps retaining this office till 1738, in 1734 he succeeded Samuel Say as colleague to Samuel Baxter at St. Nicholas Street Chapel, Ipswich. On Baxter's death on 13 July 1740 he became sole pastor, and remained so till 1761, when Peter Emans became his colleague, followed by Robert Lewin (1762–1770), and William Wood (1770–1773). Except during the three years of Wood's ministry, the congregation languished.
Lowestoft is an English town and civil parish in the county of Suffolk. The town, on the North Sea coast, is the most easterly settlement of the United Kingdom. It is 110 miles (177 km) north-east of London, 38 miles (61 km) north-east of Ipswich and 22 miles (35 km) south-east of Norwich. It lies on the edge of The Broads system and is the major settlement in the district of East Suffolk, with a population of 71,010 in 2011. Some of the earliest evidence of settlement in Britain has been found here. As a port town it developed out of the fishing industry and as a traditional seaside resort. It has wide, sandy beaches, two piers and other attractions. While its fisheries have declined, oil and gas exploitation in the southern North Sea in the 1960s added to its development, as a base for the industry alongside nearby Great Yarmouth. This role has declined, but the town has begun to develop as an Eastern England centre of the renewable energy industry.
Suffolk is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England. It has borders with Norfolk to the north, Cambridgeshire to the west and Essex to the south. The North Sea lies to the east. The county town is Ipswich; other important towns include Lowestoft, Bury St Edmunds, Newmarket, and Felixstowe, one of the largest container ports in Europe.
Samuel Say (1676–1743) was an English dissenting minister.
On 26 April 1774, but in broken health, Scott was elected minister by the trustees of an endowed chapel at Hapton, Norfolk. He died at Hapton in 1775, and was buried in the parish churchyard. He was married and left issue.
Hapton is a village in Norfolk, England, located about nine miles south of Norwich. It is in the parish of Tharston and Hapton.
Some of Scott's hymns (e.g. Absurd and vain attempt, Imposture shrinks from light) are odes to independence of thought; but Hasten, sinner, to be wise and Happy the meek are in different veins. Eleven of his hymns were first contributed to Hymns for Public Worship, Warrington, 1772, edited by William Enfield Most of his hymns are contained in his Lyric Poems (1773); others are in the Collection of 1795 by Andrew Kippis, Abraham Rees, and others.
William Enfield was a British Unitarian minister who published a bestselling book on elocution entitled The Speaker (1774).
Andrew Kippis was an English nonconformist clergyman and biographer.
Abraham Rees was a Welsh nonconformist minister, and compiler of Rees's Cyclopædia.
Scott published four single sermons (1740–59), including a funeral sermon for Samuel Baxter; other works were:
William Wood was an English Unitarian minister and botanist who was involved in efforts to remedy the political and educational disabilities of Nonconformists under the Test Acts.
Samuel Pike (1717?–1773) was a member of a religious movement known as Sandemanians.
Thomas Jervis (1748–1833) was an English unitarian minister.
Dr. Thomas Gibbons (1720–1785) was a London nonconformist minister who wrote hymns, sermons, and poetry.
Philip Furneaux (1726–1783) was an English independent minister.
Samuel Palmer (1741–1813) was an English nonconformist minister, known as a biographer.
Thomas Milles (1671–1740) was the Church of Ireland bishop of Waterford and Lismore.
John Ryland (1753–1825) was an English Baptist minister and religious writer. He was a founder and for ten years the secretary of the Baptist Missionary Society.
Joseph Nicol Scott M.D. (1703?–1769) was an English physician, dissenting minister and writer.
Edward Veel or Veal (1632?–1708) was an English academic, ejected minister and dissenting tutor.
Thomas Wills (1740–1802) was an English evangelical preacher, a priest of the Church of England who became a Dissenter.
John Hurrion (1675?–1731) was an English Independent minister.
James Scott D.D. (1733–1814) was an English cleric, academic and political writer, known for his "Anti-Sejanus" letters.
Benjamin Grosvenor D.D. (1676–1758) was an English dissenting minister.
Henry Mayo (1733–1793) was an English dissenting minister and tutor, known also as a magazine editor.
Samuel Medley (1738–1799) was an English Baptist minister and hymn-writer.
William Shrubsole (1729–1797) was an English nonconformist minister and author.
Thomas Wadsworth (1630–1676) was an English presbyterian minister, an ejected nonconformist after 1662.
Thomas Wilson (1747–1813) was an English cleric, known as master of Clitheroe grammar school.