Thomas Scott (preacher)

Last updated

Thomas Scott (Crispijn de Passe (I), 1624) Thomas Scott, by Crispijn de Passe (I).jpg
Thomas Scott (Crispijn de Passe (I), 1624)

Thomas Scott (or Scot) (c. 1580 1626) was an English preacher, a radical Protestant known for anti-Spanish and anti-Catholic pamphlets.

Contents

Life

He was born about 1580, and occurs as one of the chaplains to James I in 1616, being then B.D. He was incorporated in that degree at Cambridge in 1620 as a member of Peterhouse, as a graduate of the University of St Andrews. [1]

He was rector of St. Saviour's, Norwich, and when Count Gondomar arrived in England to settle preliminaries for the Spanish Match, he published in 1620 an anonymous tract against the proposed marriage. It was entitled Vox Populi, and purported to give an account of Gondomar's reception by the council of state upon his return to Madrid in 1618. The ambassador is there made to explain his schemes for bringing England into subjection to Spain, to describe with satisfaction the crowds which went to assist at mass in his chapel in London, and to recount how he had won over the leading courtiers by his bribes. The whole story was a fabrication, but at the time it was widely received as a piece of genuine history, and caused a furore. John Chamberlain on 3 February 1621 informed Sir Dudley Carleton that 'the author of "Vox Populi" is discovered to be one Scot, a minister, bewrayed by the printer, who thereby hath saved himself, and got his pardon, though the book were printed beyond sea'. Joseph Mead, writing on 10 February 1621, told Sir Martin Stuteville that 'Scot of Norwich, who is said to be the author of "Vox Populi," they say is now fled, having, as it seems, fore-notice of the pursuivant'. In Vox Regis (1624) Scott gave in biblical language an account of the motives which induced him to write Vox Populi, and the consequences of that publication to himself. Vox Populi was suppressed by royal authority, and Samuel Harsnett, bishop of Norwich, was commanded to institute proceedings against him.

In 1622, Scott became preacher to the English garrison at Utrecht. There he continued writing pamphlets against the Roman Catholics, many of which were published in England after Scott's departure. He was assassinated by an English soldier named John Lambert on 18 June 1626, as he was coming out of church, accompanied by his brother William Scott and his nephew Thomas Scott. The assassin was tortured, but denied that Catholic priests or Jesuits had motivated him to act. Insane and subject to hallucinations, he was condemned to death and executed, his right hand being first cut off.

Works

Vox Populi was one of two dozen pamphlets he wrote. It has been argued that through Scott the Scottish version of republicanism came to have an important impact in England. [2]

He has tentatively been identified with the Thomas Scot or Scott (fl. 1605), poet, who described himself as a gentleman, and who wrote several poetical works. It appears from a letter addressed by Locke to Sir Dudley Carleton on 2 February 1621 that the minister of Norwich, then suspected of being the author of Vox Populi, had, in Somerset's time, been questioned about a 'book of birds'. The poetical writer published the following pieces:

Notes

  1. "Thomas Scott (SCT620T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. Markku Peltonen, Classical Humanism and Republicanism in English Political Thought, 1570–1640 (2004), Ch. 5, Thomas Scott: virtue, liberty and the 'mixed Government'
  3. P. Salzman Literature and Politics in the 1620s: 'Whisper'd Counsells' 1137305983 - 2014 "Vox Dei recapitulates the history of the preceding few years, stressing the significance of the rejection of the Spanish ... a partisan perspective of course) how England had reached the current situation, while also continuing Scott's dramatic ."

Related Research Articles

The 1560s decade ran from January 1, 1560, to December 31, 1569.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1567</span> Calendar year

Year 1567 (MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Middleton</span> English playwright and poet, 1580–1627

Thomas Middleton was an English Jacobean playwright and poet. He, with John Fletcher and Ben Jonson, was among the most successful and prolific of playwrights at work in the Jacobean period, and among the few to gain equal success in comedy and tragedy. He was also a prolific writer of masques and pageants.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Philip Massinger</span> English playwright (1583–1640)

Philip Massinger was an English dramatist. His finely plotted plays, including A New Way to Pay Old Debts, The City Madam, and The Roman Actor, are noted for their satire and realism, and their political and social themes.

Events from the year 1621 in literature.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, Count of Gondomar</span> Spanish diplomat (1567–1626)

DonDiego Sarmiento de Acuña, Count of Gondomar, was a Spanish (Galician) diplomat. He served as the Spanish ambassador to England from 1613 to 1622 and afterwards, as a kind of ambassador emeritus, Spain's leading expert on English affairs until his death.

Sir Samuel Argall was an English adventurer and naval officer.

Richard Montagu was an English cleric and prelate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dudley Digges</span> English diplomat and politician

Sir Dudley Digges was an English diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1610 and 1629. Digges was also a "Virginia adventurer," an investor who ventured his capital in the Virginia Company of London; his son Edward Digges would go on to be Governor of Virginia. Dudley Digges was responsible for the rebuilding of Chilham Castle, completed in around 1616.

Events from the 1620s in England. This decade sees a change of monarch.

Francis Constable was a London bookseller and publisher of the Jacobean and Caroline eras, noted for publishing a number of stage plays of English Renaissance drama.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Gouge</span> English clergyman and author (1575–1653)

William Gouge (1575–1653) was an English Puritan clergyman and author. He was a minister and preacher at St Ann Blackfriars for 45 years, from 1608, and a member of the Westminster Assembly from 1643.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samuel Ward (minister)</span>

Samuel Ward (1577–1640) was an English Puritan minister of Ipswich.

John Reynolds (c.1588–c.1655) was an English merchant and writer from Exeter. He produced a series of violent stories around marriage, adultery and murder, as well as some political writings that caused him to be imprisoned.

References