Thomas Scott Preston (23 July 1824 at Hartford, Connecticut – 4 November 1891 at New York City) was a Roman Catholic Vicar-General of New York, protonotary Apostolic, chancellor, author, preacher, and administrator
Thomas Preston was born in Hartford, Connecticut on 23 July 1824. His family was Episcopalian. He was graduated in 1843 from Washington (later Trinity) College, Hartford.He studied at the Protestant Episcopal Theological Seminary, located at Ninth Avenue and Twentieth Street, New York, where he was recognized as the leader of the High Church party. Preston graduated in 1846 he was ordained deacon, and served in this capacity at Trinity Church, the Church of the Annunciation in West Fourteenth Street, and at Holy Innocents, West Point.
In 1847 he was ordained presbyter by Bishop Delancey of Western New York, his own bishop having refused to advance him to this order on account of his ritualistic views.He now served for some time at St. Luke's, Hudson Street, New York, hearing confessions and urging frequent Holy Communion.
A student of the early history of the Christian Church and the Church Fathers, he gradually began to feel the branch theory untenable. In a change of personal conviction, he was received into the Catholic Church on 14 November 1849. He entered St. Joseph's Seminary in Fordham to complete his studies and in the autumn of 1850 was ordained priest by Rt. Rev. John McCloskey, then Bishop of Albany. Father Preston was assigned to duty at the old cathedral on Mott St.
In 1851 he was appointed pastor of St. Mary's in Yonkers with out-missions at Dobbs Ferry and Tarrytown. Father Preston sought to erect a mission church for the Tarrytown portion of his congregation. Despite opposition from prominent area residents, in late 1851 he purchased a piece of land on De Peyster Street on which St. Teresa’s Church now stands.The church served the growing Catholic community of immigrants that had come to build the Hudson River railroad. In 1853 the diocese of Brooklyn and Newark were created. Staff from the Archdiocese of New York were sent to administer these dioceses, and Archbishop Hughes was left without a chancellor or secretary. Preston was recalled from Yonkers to take these positions. He was appointed pastor of St. Ann's Church on Eighth St. in 1862, and was promoted in 1872 to be vicar-general. He was a firm supporter of the parochial school system. He was appointed monsignor in 1881. During the absence of Archbishop Corrigan in 1890 he was administrator of the diocese.
He founded and directed for many years the Sisters of the Divine Compassion. His Advent and Lenten conferences attracted hearers from all parts of the city.
His works are:
The Archdiocese of New York is an ecclesiastical territory or archdiocese of the Catholic Church located in the State of New York. It encompasses the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island in New York City and the counties of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester. The Archdiocese of New York is the second-largest diocese in the United States by population, encompassing 296 parishes that serve around 2.8 million Catholics, in addition to hundreds of Catholic schools, hospitals and charities. The archdiocese also operates the well-known St. Joseph's Seminary, commonly referred to as Dunwoodie. The Archdiocese of New York is the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of New York which includes the suffragan dioceses of Albany, Brooklyn, Buffalo, Ogdensburg, Rochester, Rockville Centre and Syracuse.
The Diocese of Brooklyn is a Latin Church ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Catholic Church in the U.S. state of New York. It is headquartered in Brooklyn and its territory encompasses the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens. The Diocese of Brooklyn is a suffragan diocese in the ecclesiastical province of the metropolitan Archdiocese of New York. The diocesan cathedral is the Cathedral Basilica of St. James in Downtown Brooklyn and its co-cathedral is the Co-Cathedral of St. Joseph in Prospect Heights. The current Bishop of Brooklyn is Robert J. Brennan.
James Cardinal Gibbons was a senior-ranking American prelate of the Catholic Church who served as apostolic vicar of the Apostolic Vicariate of North Carolina from 1868 to 1872, bishop of the Diocese of Richmond in Virginia from 1872 to 1877, and as ninth archbishop of the Archdiocese of Baltimore in Maryland from 1877 until his death. He was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 1886.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence is a diocese of the Catholic Church in the United States. The diocese was erected by Pope Pius IX on February 17, 1872 and originally comprised the entire state of Rhode Island and the counties of Bristol, Barnstable, Dukes and Nantucket in the state of Massachusetts. On March 12, 1904, those four counties were separated from the Diocese of Providence to form the Diocese of Fall River, Massachusetts, leaving the Diocese of Providence with just the state of Rhode Island.
Joseph Crétin was the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Saint Paul, Minnesota. Cretin Avenue in St. Paul, Cretin-Derham Hall High School, and Cretin Hall at the University of St. Thomas are named for him.
Benedict Joseph Fenwick was an American Catholic prelate, Jesuit, and educator who served as the Bishop of Boston from 1825 until his death in 1846. In 1843, he founded the College of the Holy Cross in Massachusetts. Prior to that, he was twice the president of Georgetown College and established several educational institutions in New York City and Boston.
Bishop Michael Portier was a Roman Catholic bishop in the United States and the first Bishop of Mobile. He immigrated to the US in 1817, being ordained there. He later founded many parishes and Catholic institutions in Alabama and Florida, particularly in Mobile. Among them was Providence Hospital. He also recruited religious orders of men and women to teach and care for parishioners.
The Episcopal Diocese of New York is a diocese of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, encompassing three New York City boroughs and seven New York state counties. Established in 1785, it is one of the Episcopal Church's original dioceses. The current diocesan bishop is the Rt. Rev. Andrew Dietsche, whose seat is at the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine.
The Diocese of Little Rock is a Latin Church ecclesiastical jurisdiction or diocese of the Catholic Church composed of the entire U.S. state of Arkansas. It was established on November 28, 1843. The seat of the diocese is the Cathedral of St. Andrew in Little Rock. The Diocese of Little Rock is a suffragan diocese in the ecclesiastical province of the metropolitan Archdiocese of Oklahoma City.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Portsmouth is a Latin Church Roman Catholic diocese that covers the Channel Islands as well as parts of England. The episcopal see is St John's Cathedral in Portsmouth and is headed by the Bishop of Portsmouth. The diocese is part of the metropolitan Province of Southwark, which covers all of the far South of England as well as the Channel Islands.
The Diocese of Jaffna is a Latin Church ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Catholic Church in northern Sri Lanka. Latin Catholicism in the diocese's territory date to the time of St. Francis Xavier. The current bishop is Justin Gnanapragasam.
John Dubois served as the third bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of New York from 1826 until his death in 1842. He was the first Bishop of New York who was not Irish-born and, as of 2021, remains the only Bishop or Archbishop of New York who was not either of Irish birth or of Irish ancestry.
James Edwin Cassidy was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as bishop of the Diocese of Fall River in Massachusetts from 1934 until his death in 1951.
Archbishop Dmitri was a hierarch of the Orthodox Church in America. He served as archbishop of the church's Diocese of the South from 1978 to 2009 and was the ruling bishop of the Mexican Exarchate from 1972 to 2008. The territory of the diocese covered fourteen states in the United States – Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. In Orthodox Christian circles he is sometimes called the Apostle to the South.
Edward Tuckerman Potter was an American architect best known for designing the 1871 Mark Twain House in Hartford, Connecticut. With his half-brother William Appleton Potter, he also designed Nott Memorial Hall (1858–79) at his alma mater, Union College, Schenectady, New York. Both the Mark Twain House and Nott Memorial Hall are National Historic Landmarks.
Francis Patrick McFarland was an American Catholic bishop who served as the third Bishop of Hartford.
Christie Albert Macaluso is an American prelate of the Catholic Church. He served as auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Hartford in Connecticut from 1997 to 2017. Since 2017 he serves as auxiliary bishop emeritus of Hartford.
Bernard O'Reilly was an Irish-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. Known for his service during the 1832 cholera outbreak in New York, he later served as Bishop of Hartford from 1850 until his death in 1856.
Lawrence Stephen McMahon was a Canadian-born prelate of the Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Hartford from 1879 until his death in 1893.
John Francis Hackett was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Hartford from 1953 to 1986.