Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton

Last updated

Lord Scrope with his mother, Margaret Howard. Thomas Lord Scrope and his mother Margaret Howard, Englisch School, late 16th century.jpg
Lord Scrope with his mother, Margaret Howard.
Coat of arms of Sir Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG Coat of arms of Sir Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG.png
Coat of arms of Sir Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG

Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton (1567 – 2 September 1609) was the son of Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton and Margaret Howard, daughter of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey and Frances de Vere.

He was knight of the shire (MP) for Cumberland from 1584 to 1586 and from 1588 to 1593. [1]

He held the office of Warden of the English West March from 1593 until the Union of the Crowns of England and Scotland in 1603. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1599.

While Scrope was Warden, the outlaw Kinmont Willie Armstrong was arrested (in violation of a truce day) and imprisoned at Carlisle Castle. Scrope had only recently been appointed to the post of Warden, and he was unsure of what to do with an outlaw who had been illegally arrested. On 13 April 1596, as a result of a raid orchestrated by Walter Scott, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch, Kinmont Willie was freed. In a failed attempt to recapture Kinmont Willie, Scrope "burnt the towns of Annan and Dumfries to the ground, capturing two hundred prisoners whom he marched home 'naked, chained together on leashes'. This caused a major diplomatic incident." [2]

Scrope derived a significant part of his income from coal mining at Preston in Wensleydale. [3]

He died at the village of Langar in Nottinghamshire, England in 1609.

In 1584, he had married Philadelphia Carey, daughter of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon and Ann Morgan. They had one child Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland.

In August 1593 a page of Lady Scrope, who was lady of the bedchamber, died in the keep at Windsor Castle and Queen Elizabeth considered moving her household for fear of sickness. She took part in the Harefield Entertainment in August 1602. She was at the queen's bedside near the time of her death. [4]

In June 1603 Lady Scrope and Penelope, Lady Rich, Audrey Walsingham and others went to Berwick-upon-Tweed to welcome Anne of Denmark to England in June 1603, according to the directions of the Privy Council. [5]

In the village church at Langar is to be found a magnificent memorial to him. The tomb is adorned with an effigy of himself, his wife and their son Emmanuel.

Notes

  1. "SCROPE, Thomas (c.1567-1609), of Carlisle, Cumb". History of Parliament. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  2. tudorplace.com [ unreliable source ] Retrieved 19 June 2007
  3. Lawrence Stone, Crisis of the Aristocracy (Oxford, 1965), p. 341.
  4. John Nichols, Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, vol. 3 (London, 1823), pp. 227, 605.
  5. James Balfour, Annals: The Historical Works of James Balfour, vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1824), p. 414.

Related Research Articles

Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford

Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford, KG of Chenies in Buckinghamshire and of Bedford House in Exeter, Devon, was an English nobleman, soldier, and politician. He was a godfather to the Devon-born sailor Sir Francis Drake. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Devon (1584-5).

Baron Bolton

Baron Bolton, of Bolton Castle in the County of York, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1797 for the Tory politician Thomas Orde-Powlett, who had previously served as Chief Secretary for Ireland. Born Thomas Orde, he was the husband of Jean Mary Browne-Powlett, illegitimate daughter of Charles Powlett, 5th Duke of Bolton, who had entailed the greater part of his extensive estates to her in default of male issue of his younger brother Harry Powlett, 6th Duke of Bolton.

Carlisle Castle Castle in Cumbria, England

Carlisle Castle is situated in Carlisle, in the English county of Cumbria, near the ruins of Hadrian's Wall. The castle is over 900 years old and has been the scene of many historical episodes in British history. Given the proximity of Carlisle to the border between England and Scotland, it has been the centre of many wars and invasions. During the Jacobite Rising of 1745–6, Carlisle became the last English fortress to undergo a siege. The castle was listed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument on 7 August 1996.

Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon

Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon KG, was an English nobleman and courtier. He was the patron of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, William Shakespeare's playing company. The son of Mary Boleyn, he was a cousin of Elizabeth I.

Scrope is the name of an old English family of Norman origin that first came into prominence in the 14th century. The family has held the noble titles of Baron Scrope of Masham, Baron Scrope of Bolton, and for a brief time, the Earl of Wiltshire.

Bolton Castle Castle in North Yorkshire, England

Bolton Castle is a 14th-century castle located in Wensleydale, Yorkshire, England. The nearby village Castle Bolton takes its name from the castle. The castle is a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War, and “slighted” afterwards, but much of it survived. It has never been sold and is still in the ownership of the descendants of the Scrope family.

Lord William Howard was an English nobleman and antiquary, sometimes known as "Belted or Bauld (bold) Will".

Lord Warden of the Marches

The Lord Warden of the Marches was an office in the governments of Scotland and England. The holders were responsible for the security of the border between the two nations, and often took part in military action. They were also responsible, along with 'Conservators of the truce', for administering the special type of border law known as March law.

William Armstrong of Kinmont or Kinmont Willie was a Scottish border reiver and outlaw active in the Anglo-Scottish Border country in the last decades of the 16th century.

Walter Scott, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch

Walter Scott, 5th of Buccleuch, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch was a Scottish nobleman and famous border reiver, known as the "Bold Buccleuch" and leader of Kinmont Willie’s Raid. Scott was the son of Sir Walter Scott, 4th of Buccleuch and Margaret Douglas.

Baron Scrope of Bolton was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created for Sir Richard le Scrope as a barony by writ on 8 January 1371. It became dormant on the death of the 11th Baron in 1630 without legitimate children.

Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland English noble

Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland KG was a member of the Clifford family which was seated at Skipton Castle, Yorkshire from 1310 to 1676.

Thomas Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre

Thomas Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre of Gilsland, KG was the son of Humphrey Dacre, 1st Baron Dacre of Gilsland and Mabel Parr, great-aunt of queen consort Catherine Parr, the sixth and final wife of King Henry VIII of England. His mother was the daughter of Sir Thomas Parr of Kendal by his wife, Alice Tunstall.

Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland, 11th Baron Scrope of Bolton was an English nobleman. He was Lord President of the King's Council in the North.

Anne Morgan, Baroness Hunsdon

Anne Morgan, Baroness Hunsdon was an English official. She was the wife of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, by whom she had a total of 13 children. On 14 December 1595, she was appointed by Queen Elizabeth I of England to the office of Keeper of Somerset House; a post which she held for life. She also served the Queen as a Lady of the Privy Chamber.

Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton

Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG was the son and heir of John Scrope, 8th Baron Scrope of Bolton and Catherine Clifford, daughter of Henry Clifford, Earl of Cumberland.

John Carey, 3rd Baron Hunsdon was an English peer, politician and Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed.

Philadelphia Carey

Philadelphia Carey was an English courtier.

Ralph Eure, 3rd Baron Eure, of Ingleby and Malton, Yorkshire, was an English nobleman and politician. The surname, also given as Evers, was at that time probably pronounced "Ewry".

Philadelphia Scrope was an English aristocrat and courtier.

References

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Scrope
Baron Scrope of Bolton
1592–1609
Succeeded by
Emanuel Scrope