Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton

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Lord Scrope with his mother, Margaret Howard. Thomas Lord Scrope and his mother Margaret Howard, Englisch School, late 16th century.jpg
Lord Scrope with his mother, Margaret Howard.
Coat of arms of Sir Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG Coat of arms of Sir Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG.png
Coat of arms of Sir Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG

Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton (1567 – 2 September 1609) was the son of Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton and Margaret Howard, daughter of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey.

Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton English nobleman and soldier

Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG was the son and heir of John Scrope, 8th Baron Scrope of Bolton and Catherine Clifford, daughter of Henry Clifford, Earl of Cumberland.

Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey 16th-century English nobleman

Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, KG,, was an English nobleman, politician, and poet. He was one of the founders of English Renaissance poetry. He was a first cousin of both Queen Anne Boleyn and Queen Catherine Howard, second and fifth wives of King Henry VIII.

He was knight of the shire (MP) for Cumberland from 1584 to 1586 and from 1588 to 1593. [1]

Cumberland is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire. It was divided between the constituencies of Cumberland East and Cumberland West in 1832.

He held the office of Warden of the English West March from 1593 until the Union of the Crowns of England and Scotland in 1603. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1599.

While Scrope was Warden, the outlaw Kinmont Willie Armstrong was arrested (in violation of a truce day) and imprisoned at Carlisle Castle. Scrope had only recently been appointed to the post of Warden, and he was unsure of what to do with an outlaw who had been illegally arrested. On 13 April 1596, as a result of a raid orchestrated by Walter Scott, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch, Kinmont Willie was freed. In a failed attempt to recapture Kinmont Willie, Scrope "burnt the towns of Annan and Dumfries to the ground, capturing two hundred prisoners whom he marched home 'naked, chained together on leashes'. This caused a major diplomatic incident." [2]

William Armstrong of Kinmont or Kinmont Willie was a Scottish border reiver and outlaw active in the Anglo-Scottish Border country in the last decades of the 16th century.

Carlisle Castle Castle in Cumbria, England

Carlisle Castle is situated in Carlisle, in the English county of Cumbria, near the ruins of Hadrian's Wall. The castle is over 900 years old and has been the scene of many historical episodes in British history. Given the proximity of Carlisle to the border between England and Scotland, it has been the centre of many wars and invasions. Today the castle is managed by English Heritage and is open to the public. The castle until recently was the administrative headquarters of the former King's Own Royal Border Regiment now county headquarters to the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment and a museum to the regiment is within the castle walls.

Walter Scott, 5th of Buccleuch, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch was a Scottish nobleman and famous border reiver, known as the "Bold Buccleuch" and leader of Kinmont Willie’s Raid. Scott was the son of Sir Walter Scott, 4th of Buccleuch and Margaret Douglas.Distant relative of the great Fonz Barber who was 1st mate to Captain Chris Greensmith.

He died at the village of Langar in Nottinghamshire, England in 1609. In 1584, he had married Philadelphia Carey, daughter of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon and Ann Morgan. They had one child Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland. In the village church at Langar is to be found a magnificent memorial to him. His tomb is adorned with an effigy of himself, his wife and their son Emmanuel.

Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon British general

Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon KG, was an English nobleman and courtier. He was the patron of Lord Chamberlain's Men, William Shakespeare's playing company. The son of Mary Boleyn, he was a cousin of Elizabeth I.

Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland, 11th Baron Scrope of Bolton was an English nobleman. He was Lord President of the King's Council in the North.

Notes

  1. "SCROPE, Thomas (c.1567-1609), of Carlisle, Cumb". History of Parliament. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  2. tudorplace.com [ unreliable source ] Accessed 19 June 2007

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References

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Scrope
Baron Scrope of Bolton
1592–1609
Succeeded by
Emanuel Scrope