Thomas Seaton Scott

Last updated
Thomas Seaton Scott
Born16 August 1826
Died15 or 16 June 1895
Nationality Canadian
Practice Chief Dominion Architect
Buildings Union Station, Parliament of Canada, Cartier Square Drill Hall

Thomas Seaton Scott (16 August 1826 15 or 16 June 1895) was an English-born Canadian architect. Born in Birkenhead, England he immigrated to Canada as a young man first settling in Montreal. He was hired by the Grand Trunk Railway and worked for them on a number of structures including the Union Station in Toronto and Bonaventure Station in Montreal.

Canadians citizens of Canada

Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian.

Birkenhead town in Merseyside, England

Birkenhead is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Merseyside, England. Historically until 1974 in Cheshire, it is on the Wirral Peninsula, along the west bank of the River Mersey, opposite the city of Liverpool. At the 2011 census, it had a population of 88,818.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.


In 1871 he was hired by the Department of Public Works and he designed a number of Ottawa's new government buildings in the years after Canadian Confederation. Among his works are the West Block of the Parliament of Canada, the Cartier Square Drill Hall, and the now demolished Dominion Post Office. From 1872 to 1881 he held the position of Chief Dominion Architect and thus played at least a supervisory role in all major government projects. He is considered one of the creators of the Dominion Style that dominated Canadian institutional architecture in the nineteenth century. He was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts [1] He was succeeded as Chief Architect by Thomas Fuller.

Canadian Confederation process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867

Canadian Confederation was the process by which the British colonies of the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one federation, Canada, on July 1, 1867. Upon confederation, the old province of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec; along with Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the new federation thus comprised four provinces. Over the years since Confederation, Canada has seen numerous territorial changes and expansions, resulting in the current union of ten provinces and three territories.

Parliament of Canada the federal legislative branch of Canada

The Parliament of Canada is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital. The body consists of the Canadian monarch, represented by a viceroy, the Governor General; an upper house, the Senate; and a lower house, the House of Commons. Each element has its own officers and organization. By constitutional convention, the House of Commons is dominant, with the Senate and monarch rarely opposing its will. The Senate reviews legislation from a less partisan standpoint and the monarch or viceroy provides royal assent to make bills into law.

Cartier Square Drill Hall drill hall in Ottawa, Canada

The Drill Hall at Cartier Square is a dedicated military training facility in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It has been a local landmark since its construction in 1879. The drill hall is 70 meters (230 ft) long and has two 43 meters (141 ft) tall mansard towers.


BuildingYear CompletedBuilderStyleLocationImage St Luke's ChurchNotes
Aurora Armoury 1874Thomas Seaton ScottDominion Style Neo-Gothic style 89 Mosley Street at Larmont Street, Aurora, Ontario Still in use by the military.
Mackenzie Tower, West Block 1878Thomas Seaton Scott Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Provided design in 1874
Second Supreme Court of Canada Building 1874Thomas Seaton ScottGothic Revival architectureDemolished 1955-56 and now parking lot
Cartier Square Drill Hall 1879-80Thomas Seaton ScottDominion Style Neo-Gothic style 2 Queen Elizabeth Driveway, Ottawa, Ontario Cartier Drill Hall.jpg Still in use.
Truro Armoury 1874Thomas Seaton ScottDominion Style Neo-Gothic style 126 Willow Street, Truro, Nova Scotia Still in use.
St. Bartholomew's Anglican Church (Ottawa) 1868Thomas Seaton ScottDominion Style Neo-Gothic style 125 MacKay Street, Rideau-Rockcliffe Ottawa, Ontario St Bartholomew's Anglican Church Ottawa.jpg Still in use.
Summer House/Summer Gazebo, Parliament Hill 1877Thomas Seton Scott Carpenter Gothic Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Built for the Speaker of the House of Commons and demolished 1956. It was re-built in 1995 on the same location. [2]
Toronto Union Station (1873) expansion1888Thomas Seaton Scott with Edward P. HannafordDominion Style Italianate /2nd Empire styleApproximately at 7 Station Street, Toronto, Ontario View of Union Station from water in 1888.jpg Demolished 1927-1931 and now site of Skywalk c. 1989
Grand Trunk Railway, Bonaventure Station1888Thomas Seaton Scott with Edward P. HannafordDominion Style Neo-Gothic style Near corner of rue Peel and rue Saint-Jacques, on Chaboillez Square, Montreal, Quebec Bonaventure Station.png Heavily damaged by fire 1916, but remained standing until 1952. Now site of Dow Planetarium
Christ Church Cathedral (Montreal) Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style Thomas Seaton ScottGothic Revival635 rue Saint Catherine Street Ouest, Montreal, Quebec Christ Church Cathedral day.jpg
St. Luke's Anglican Church, Waterloo QC 1870Thomas Seaton Scott Neo-Gothic style 400 rue de la Cour, Waterloo, Quebec Eglise Saint-Luke (Waterloo) iso.jpg

Other buildings designed by Scott include: [3]

Montreal City in Quebec, Canada

Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold, snowy winters.

Prescott, Ontario Town in Ontario, Canada

Prescott, Ontario is a small town on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville, Canada. In 2016, the town had a population of 3965. The Ogdensburg–Prescott International Bridge, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Prescott at Johnstown, connects the town with Ogdensburg, New York. The town is about an hour from both Ottawa and Kingston.

Maitland, Ontario human settlement in Canada

Maitland, Ontario is a small village within Augusta township in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville, Canada. It is located along the St. Lawrence River approximately five kilometres east of the City of Brockville.

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  1. Records of the Founding of the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts. Toronto: Globe Printing Co. 1879–80. p. 16.
Preceded by
New post created 1871
Chief Dominion Architect, Canada
1872 1881
Succeeded by
Thomas Fuller