Thomas Seaton Scott
|Born||16 August 1826|
|Died||15 or 16 June 1895|
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
|Practice||Chief Dominion Architect|
|Buildings||Union Station, Parliament of Canada, Cartier Square Drill Hall|
Thomas Seaton Scott (16 August 1826 – 15 or 16 June 1895) was an English-born Canadian architect. Born in Birkenhead, England he immigrated to Canada as a young man first settling in Montreal. He was hired by the Grand Trunk Railway and worked for them on a number of structures including the Union Station in Toronto and Bonaventure Station in Montreal.
Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian.
Birkenhead is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Merseyside, England. Historically until 1974 in Cheshire, it is on the Wirral Peninsula, along the west bank of the River Mersey, opposite the city of Liverpool. At the 2011 census, it had a population of 88,818.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
In 1871 he was hired by the Department of Public Works and he designed a number of Ottawa's new government buildings in the years after Canadian Confederation. Among his works are the West Block of the Parliament of Canada, the Cartier Square Drill Hall, and the now demolished Dominion Post Office. From 1872 to 1881 he held the position of Chief Dominion Architect and thus played at least a supervisory role in all major government projects. He is considered one of the creators of the Dominion Style that dominated Canadian institutional architecture in the nineteenth century. He was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of ArtsHe was succeeded as Chief Architect by Thomas Fuller.
Canadian Confederation was the process by which the British colonies of the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one federation, Canada, on July 1, 1867. Upon confederation, the old province of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec; along with Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the new federation thus comprised four provinces. Over the years since Confederation, Canada has seen numerous territorial changes and expansions, resulting in the current union of ten provinces and three territories.
The Parliament of Canada is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital. The body consists of the Canadian monarch, represented by a viceroy, the Governor General; an upper house, the Senate; and a lower house, the House of Commons. Each element has its own officers and organization. By constitutional convention, the House of Commons is dominant, with the Senate and monarch rarely opposing its will. The Senate reviews legislation from a less partisan standpoint and the monarch or viceroy provides royal assent to make bills into law.
The Drill Hall at Cartier Square is a dedicated military training facility in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It has been a local landmark since its construction in 1879. The drill hall is 70 meters (230 ft) long and has two 43 meters (141 ft) tall mansard towers.
|Building||Year Completed||Builder||Style||Location||Image St Luke's Church||Notes|
|Aurora Armoury||1874||Thomas Seaton Scott||Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style||89 Mosley Street at Larmont Street, Aurora, Ontario||Still in use by the military.|
|Mackenzie Tower, West Block||1878||Thomas Seaton Scott||Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario||Provided design in 1874|
|Second Supreme Court of Canada Building||1874||Thomas Seaton Scott||Gothic Revival architecture||Demolished 1955-56 and now parking lot|
|Cartier Square Drill Hall||1879-80||Thomas Seaton Scott||Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style||2 Queen Elizabeth Driveway, Ottawa, Ontario||Still in use.|
|Truro Armoury||1874||Thomas Seaton Scott||Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style||126 Willow Street, Truro, Nova Scotia||Still in use.|
|St. Bartholomew's Anglican Church (Ottawa)||1868||Thomas Seaton Scott||Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style||125 MacKay Street, Rideau-Rockcliffe Ottawa, Ontario||Still in use.|
|Summer House/Summer Gazebo, Parliament Hill||1877||Thomas Seton Scott||Carpenter Gothic||Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario||Built for the Speaker of the House of Commons and demolished 1956. It was re-built in 1995 on the same location.|
|Toronto Union Station (1873) expansion||1888||Thomas Seaton Scott with Edward P. Hannaford||Dominion Style Italianate /2nd Empire style||Approximately at 7 Station Street, Toronto, Ontario||Demolished 1927-1931 and now site of Skywalk c. 1989|
|Grand Trunk Railway, Bonaventure Station||1888||Thomas Seaton Scott with Edward P. Hannaford||Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style||Near corner of rue Peel and rue Saint-Jacques, on Chaboillez Square, Montreal, Quebec||Heavily damaged by fire 1916, but remained standing until 1952. Now site of Dow Planetarium|
|Christ Church Cathedral (Montreal)||Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style||Thomas Seaton Scott||Gothic Revival||635 rue Saint Catherine Street Ouest, Montreal, Quebec|
|St. Luke's Anglican Church, Waterloo QC||1870||Thomas Seaton Scott||Neo-Gothic style||400 rue de la Cour, Waterloo, Quebec|
Other buildings designed by Scott include:
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold, snowy winters.
Prescott, Ontario is a small town on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville, Canada. In 2016, the town had a population of 3965. The Ogdensburg–Prescott International Bridge, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Prescott at Johnstown, connects the town with Ogdensburg, New York. The town is about an hour from both Ottawa and Kingston.
Maitland, Ontario is a small village within Augusta township in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville, Canada. It is located along the St. Lawrence River approximately five kilometres east of the City of Brockville.
Sir George Gilbert Scott, styled Sir Gilbert Scott, was a prolific English Gothic revival architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses. Over 800 buildings were designed or altered by him.
Christ Church Cathedral is an Anglican Gothic Revival cathedral in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, the seat of the Anglican Diocese of Montreal. It is located at 635 Saint Catherine Street West, between Union Avenue and University Street. It is situated on top of the Promenades Cathédrale underground shopping mall, and south of Tour KPMG. It was classified as historical monument by the government of Quebec on May 12, 1988. In 1999, it was designated a National Historic Site of Canada.
The Canadian Junior Football League (CJFL) is a national amateur Canadian football league consisting of 18 teams playing in six provinces across Canada. The teams compete annually for the Canadian Bowl. Many CJFL players moved on to professional football careers in the Canadian Football League (CFL) and elsewhere.
St. Bartholomew's Anglican Church is a place of worship in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The building was constructed in the latter half of the 19th century and serves the surrounding neighbourhoods. Additionally, St. Bartholomew's is, due to its location next to Rideau Hall, the place of worship for various Governors General of Canada and some members of the Canadian Royal Family. It is also the regimental chapel of the Governor General's Foot Guards.
Thomas Fuller was a Canadian architect. From 1881 to 1896, he was Chief Dominion Architect for the Government of Canada, during which time he played a role in the design and construction of every major federal building.
The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was the lower house of the legislature for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario. It was created by The Union Act of 1840. Canada East and Canada West each elected 42 members to the assembly. The upper house of the legislature was called the Legislative Council.
Thomas William Fuller, the son of Thomas Fuller, was a Canadian architect. Before his selection as Dominion Architect, Fuller designed a number of federal buildings in Dawson City, Yukon, some of which are now designated as National Historic Sites of Canada. These include the Post Office (1899); Court House (1900–01); Territorial Administration Building, 5th Avenue (1901); Public School (1901) which burned 1957; and Commissioner's Residence (1901).
John Hillyard Cameron, was an Ontario lawyer, businessman and political figure. He was a Conservative Member of Parliament representing Peel from 1867 to 1872 and Cardwell from 1872 until his death.
The Central Experimental Farm (CEF), commonly known as the Experimental Farm, is an agricultural facility, working farm, and research centre of the Research Branch of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. As the name indicates, this farm is centrally located in and now surrounded by the City of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The 4 square kilometres (1.5 sq mi) farm is a National Historic Site of Canada and most buildings are protected and preserved as heritage buildings.
Frederick Preston Rubidge,, was a surveyor and an architect. He was born in England and emigrated to Upper Canada around 1825 where he took his training.
Ashton Oxenden was Bishop of Montreal.
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Edmond Dyonnet (1859–1954) was a Canadian painter, born French and naturalised Canadian. He taught numerous students in Quebec province and was an academician and secretary of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
William Tutin Thomas (1829–1892) was an Anglo-Canadian architect.
Henry Langley was a Canadian architect based in Toronto. He was active from 1854 to 1907. Among the first architects born and trained in Canada, he was a founding members of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1880 and was instrumental in establishing the Ontario Association of Architects in 1889. A conservative in architectural design, he is primarily known for designing numerous churches in the Toronto area, although he designed many secular buildings as well including residential, commercial and public buildings. Langley designed 70 churches throughout Ontario. He was the first chair of the Department of Architecture at the University of Toronto, where he taught during the 1880s and 1890s.
Charles Thomas Thomas was a prominent Anglo-Canadian stone carver and builder in the mid 19th Century. He was the son of a stonemason and at least one brother was also a stonemason.
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Cecil Burgess (1888–1956) was a Canadian architect. He was born in Walkden, Lancashire, England on 8 July 1888. He was educated Walkden, Lancashire, England. He articled to Henry Kirkby, an architect in Manchester, England. Cecil Burgess arrived in Ottawa, Ontario with his parents in 1905. He married Violet Hervey from Round Hill, Nova Scotia in 1913. The couple had a son Bernard W Burgess of Montreal and daughter Mrs. Barbara Joyce Greenwood
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New post created 1871
| Chief Dominion Architect, Canada|
1872 – 1881
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