Thomas Seaton Scott

Last updated
Thomas Seaton Scott
Born16 August 1826
Died15 or 16 June 1895
Nationality Canadian
Practice Chief Dominion Architect
Buildings Union Station, Parliament of Canada, Cartier Square Drill Hall

Thomas Seaton Scott (16 August 1826 15 or 16 June 1895) was an English-born Canadian architect. Born in Birkenhead, England he immigrated to Canada as a young man first settling in Montreal. He was hired by the Grand Trunk Railway and worked for them on a number of structures including the Union Station in Toronto and Bonaventure Station in Montreal.


In 1871 he was hired by the Department of Public Works and he designed a number of Ottawa's new government buildings in the years after Canadian Confederation. Among his works are the West Block of the Parliament of Canada, the Cartier Square Drill Hall, and the now demolished Dominion Post Office. From 1872 to 1881 he held the position of Chief Dominion Architect and thus played at least a supervisory role in all major government projects. He is considered one of the creators of the Dominion Style that dominated Canadian institutional architecture in the nineteenth century. He was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts [1] He was succeeded as Chief Architect by Thomas Fuller.


BuildingYear CompletedBuilderStyleLocationImage St Luke's ChurchNotes
Aurora Armoury 1874Thomas Seaton ScottDominion Style Neo-Gothic style 89 Mosley Street at Larmont Street, Aurora, Ontario Still in use by the military.
Mackenzie Tower, West Block 1878Thomas Seaton Scott Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Provided design in 1874
Second Supreme Court of Canada building 1874Thomas Seaton ScottGothic Revival architectureDemolished 1955-56 and now parking lot
Cartier Square Drill Hall 1879-80Thomas Seaton ScottDominion Style Neo-Gothic style 2 Queen Elizabeth Driveway, Ottawa, Ontario Cartier Drill Hall.jpg Still in use.
Truro Armoury 1874Thomas Seaton ScottDominion Style Neo-Gothic style 126 Willow Street, Truro, Nova Scotia Still in use.
St. Bartholomew's Anglican Church (Ottawa) 1868Thomas Seaton ScottDominion Style Neo-Gothic style 125 MacKay Street, Rideau-Rockcliffe Ottawa, Ontario St Bartholomew's Anglican Church Ottawa.jpg Still in use.
Summer House/Summer Gazebo, Parliament Hill 1877Thomas Seton Scott Carpenter Gothic Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Built for the Speaker of the House of Commons and demolished 1956. It was re-built in 1995 on the same location. [2]
Toronto Union Station (1873) expansion1888Thomas Seaton Scott with Edward P. HannafordDominion Style Italianate /2nd Empire styleApproximately at 7 Station Street, Toronto, Ontario View of Union Station from water in 1888.jpg Demolished 1927-1931 and now site of Skywalk c. 1989
Grand Trunk Railway, Bonaventure Station1888Thomas Seaton Scott with Edward P. HannafordDominion Style Neo-Gothic style Near corner of rue Peel and rue Saint-Jacques, on Chaboillez Square, Montreal, Quebec Bonaventure Station.png Heavily damaged by fire 1916, but remained standing until 1952. Now site of Dow Planetarium
Christ Church Cathedral (Montreal) Dominion Style Neo-Gothic style Thomas Seaton ScottGothic Revival635 rue Saint Catherine Street Ouest, Montreal, Quebec Christ Church Cathedral day.jpg
St. Luke's Anglican Church, Waterloo QC 1870Thomas Seaton Scott Neo-Gothic style 400 rue de la Cour, Waterloo, Quebec Eglise Saint-Luke (Waterloo) iso.jpg

Other buildings designed by Scott include: [3]

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  1. Records of the Founding of the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts. Toronto: Globe Printing Co. 1879–80. p. 16.
Preceded by
New post created 1871
Chief Dominion Architect, Canada
1872 1881
Succeeded by
Thomas Fuller