Thomas Setzer Hutchison

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Thomas Setzer Hutchison

Thomas Setzer Hutchison photo.jpg

Thomas Setzer Hutchison
Photo circa 1903
Born(1875-10-29)October 29, 1875
Nashville, Tennessee
Died March 11, 1936(1936-03-11) (aged 60)
Nashville, Tennessee
Place of burial Spring Hill Cemetery, Nashville
Allegiance Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United States of America
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg  Kingdom of Greece
Service/branch Artillery Flag of Tennessee.svg
Infantry Flag of Tennessee.svg
Artillery Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg
Years of service 1892–1898: Washington Artillery, Tennessee
1898: 2nd Regiment of Infantry, Tennessee
1898–1903: 5th Regiment, Tennessee
1912–1913: 15th Regiment of Greek Infantry, Greece
Rank Captain (Tennessee)
Lieutenant-Colonel (Tennessee)
Colonel (Tennessee)
Brigadier General (Tennessee)
Major of Artillery, (Garibaldi Legion, Greece)
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
Battle of Bizani

Thomas Setzer Hutchison (29 October 1875 – 11 March 1936) was an American military officer, volunteer officer in Greece, police commissioner, civil reformer, author and inventor.

United States federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

Military service

Son of J. H. Hutchison and Suzen Powell; brother of Albert Hutchison. At 17 years of age, Thomas Setzer Hutchison joined the Washington Artillery of Tennessee as a private soldier, and saw service in the mountains of East Tennessee during the mining troubles. He was quickly promoted through all of the ranks of his battery from Gun Corporal, to Gun Sergeant, to Quartermaster-Sergeant, and finally to First Sergeant. Hutchison received commissions as Second Lieutenant of the Artillery by Tennessee Governor Robert Love Taylor (in office 1887 to 1891), and shortly after Captain and given a new artillery battery. With the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, Hutchison was transferred to the Second Regiment of Infantry as Captain of Company D and served with distinction during that conflict. After the war, he was discharged and returned to his home in Tennessee, where Governor Benton McMillin (in office 1899 to 1903) commissioned him as Captain of Company K of the Fifth Regiment. After only a few days, Hutchison was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel and a week later, promoted to Colonel of that regiment (at 22 years of age). He served as Colonel for five years and during that time commanded all of the troops of Tennessee, as he was the ranking officer of the State. During this time Hutchison wrote the rules and regulations of that governed the military forces of Tennessee. After serving continuously for nine years he voluntarily went on retirement as a Brigadier-General. [1]

East Tennessee comprises approximately the eastern third of the U.S. state of Tennessee, one of the three Grand Divisions of Tennessee defined in state law. East Tennessee consists of 33 counties, 30 located within the Eastern Time Zone and three counties in the Central Time Zone, namely Bledsoe, Cumberland, and Marion. East Tennessee is entirely located within the Appalachian Mountains, although the landforms range from densely forested 6,000-foot (1,800 m) mountains to broad river valleys. The region contains the major cities of Knoxville, Chattanooga, and Johnson City, Tennessee's third, fourth, and ninth largest cities, respectively.

Coal Creek War

The Coal Creek War was an early 1890s armed labor uprising in the southeastern United States that took place primarily in Anderson County, Tennessee. This labor conflict ignited during 1891 when coal mine owners in the Coal Creek watershed began to remove and replace their company-employed, private coal miners then on the payroll with convict laborers leased out by the Tennessee state prison system.

Robert Love Taylor U.S. Representative from Tennessee from 1879 to 1881,  Governor of Tennessee from 1887 to 1891 and from 1897 to 1899, and United States Senator since 1907

Robert Love "Bob" Taylor was an American politician, writer, and lecturer. A member of the Democratic Party, he served three terms as Governor of Tennessee, from 1887 to 1891, and again from 1897 to 1899, and subsequently served as a United States Senator from 1907 until his death. He also represented Tennessee's 1st district in the United States House of Representatives from 1879 to 1881, the last Democrat to hold that district's house seat.

Civilian career

The new Governor of Tennessee, Malcolm R. Patterson (in office 1907 to 1911), appointed Hutchison as the Commissary General of Tennessee and also a member of his personal military staff. About the same time, the Mayor of Nashville appointed Hutchison as a Police Commissioner of the city, in which capacity he made new rules and regulations for the police. Concerned about the need to regulate cruelty to animals and to protect and care for the youth and children of the city, Hutchison went before the Legislature of Tennessee and his testimony resulted in a commission being created to address those issues. Hutchison joined the commission resulting in concrete reforms in Nashville that targeted cruel drivers of animals and organized a Juvenile Court. [1]

Malcolm R. Patterson American politician

Malcolm Rice Patterson was an American politician and jurist. He served as Governor of Tennessee from 1907 to 1911, and served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1901 to 1906. He later served as a circuit court judge in Memphis (1923–1934), and wrote a weekly column for the Memphis Commercial Appeal (1921–1933).

Tennessee General Assembly State legislature of Tennessee

The Tennessee General Assembly (TNGA) is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is a part-time bicameral legislature consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The Speaker of the Senate carries the additional title and office of Lieutenant Governor of Tennessee. In addition to passing a budget for state government plus other legislation, the General Assembly appoints three state officers specified by the state constitution. It is also the initiating body in any process to amend the state's constitution.

Volunteer soldier in Greece

Hutchison was a supporter of the Progressive Party and he became interested in the struggle in the Balkans after a visit to New York on business. He departed New York on 13 November 1912 aboard the American vessel Laura and arrived in Greece on 27 November 1912. Hutchison was immediately commissioned a Major of Artillery in the Garibaldi Legion and joined the Greek Army during the First Balkan War. After meeting Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, Hutchison was sent to Epirus with the Fifteenth Regiment of Greek Infantry and some eight batteries of artillery, as part of the Army of Epirus. Hutchison participated in the various battles and assaults on the Turkish fort of Bizani, during which he was wounded. Following the Greek victory and the fall of Ioannina, Hutchison was one of a staff of officers who escorted 2,700 Turkish prisoners to Corfu. After the war in Epirus, Hutchison returned to Nashville, where he was celebrated by the Greek-American community of that town. In 1913, he published his memoires of the Epirus campaign entitled An American Soldier Under the Greek Flag at Bezanie. [1]

Progressive Party (United States, 1912) political party in the United States

The Progressive Party was a third party in the United States formed in 1912 by former President Theodore Roosevelt after he lost the presidential nomination of the Republican Party to his former protégé, incumbent President William Howard Taft. The new party was known for taking advanced positions on progressive reforms and attracting some leading reformers. After the party's defeat in the 1912 presidential election, it went into rapid decline, disappearing by 1918. The Progressive Party was popularly nicknamed the "Bull Moose Party" since Roosevelt often said that he felt "strong as a bull moose" both before and after an assassination attempt on the campaign trail.

Balkans geopolitical and cultural region of southeastern Europe

The Balkans, also known as the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various definitions and meanings, including geopolitical and historical. The region takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch throughout the whole of Bulgaria from the Serbian-Bulgarian border to the Black Sea coast. The Balkan Peninsula is bordered by the Adriatic Sea on the northwest, the Ionian Sea on the southwest, the Aegean Sea in the south and southeast, and the Black Sea on the east and northeast. The northern border of the peninsula is variously defined. The highest point of the Balkans is Mount Musala, 2,925 metres (9,596 ft), in the Rila mountain range.

First Balkan War 1910s war between the Balkan League and the Ottoman Empire

The First Balkan War, lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and comprised actions of the Balkan League against the Ottoman Empire. The combined armies of the Balkan states overcame the numerically inferior and strategically disadvantaged Ottoman armies and achieved rapid success.

Inventions

Hutchison was also an inventor. On 19 July 1927, he was awarded U.S. patent number "US1636637 A" for the design of a "Combination Tool", a combined measuring and gauging implement for use by mechanics, carpenters and metal workers. [2]

Death

Hutchison died on March 11, 1936. He is buried in Spring Hill Cemetery in Nashville, Tennessee.

Spring Hill Cemetery is a cemetery located at 5110 Gallatin Pike South in the Nashville, Tennessee neighborhood of Madison, Tennessee.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "An American Soldier Under the Greek Flag at Bezanie: A Thrilling Story of the Siege of Bezanie" by the Greek Army, in Epirus, During the War in the Balkans (1913, Greek-American Publishing Company, Nashville, Tennessee), pp 1–13, https://archive.org/details/americansoldieru00hutcrich
  2. United States Patent Office. Thomas Setzer Hutchison. Combination Tool. Patent number US1636637 A, http://www.google.com/patents/US1636637