Thomas Setzer Hutchison

Last updated
Thomas Setzer Hutchison
Thomas Setzer Hutchison photo.jpg
Thomas Setzer Hutchison
Photo circa 1903
Born(1875-10-29)October 29, 1875
Nashville, Tennessee
DiedMarch 11, 1936(1936-03-11) (aged 60)
Nashville, Tennessee
Place of burial
Allegiance Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United States of America
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg  Kingdom of Greece
Service/branchArtillery Flag of Tennessee.svg
Infantry Flag of Tennessee.svg
Artillery Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg
Years of service1892–1898: Washington Artillery, Tennessee
1898: 2nd Regiment of Infantry, Tennessee
1898–1903: 5th Regiment, Tennessee
1912–1913: 15th Regiment of Greek Infantry, Greece
RankCaptain (Tennessee)
Lieutenant-Colonel (Tennessee)
Colonel (Tennessee)
Brigadier General (Tennessee)
Major of Artillery, (Garibaldi Legion, Greece)
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
Battle of Bizani

Thomas Setzer Hutchison (29 October 1875 – 11 March 1936) was an American military officer, volunteer officer in Greece, police commissioner, civil reformer, author and inventor.

Contents

Military service

Son of J. H. Hutchison and Suzen Powell; brother of Albert Hutchison. At 17 years of age, Thomas Setzer Hutchison joined the Washington Artillery of Tennessee as a private soldier, and saw service in the mountains of East Tennessee during the mining troubles. He was quickly promoted through all of the ranks of his battery from Gun Corporal, to Gun Sergeant, to Quartermaster-Sergeant, and finally to First Sergeant. Hutchison received commissions as Second Lieutenant of the Artillery by Tennessee Governor Robert Love Taylor (in office 1887 to 1891), and shortly after Captain and given a new artillery battery. With the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, Hutchison was transferred to the Second Regiment of Infantry as Captain of Company D and served with distinction during that conflict. After the war, he was discharged and returned to his home in Tennessee, where Governor Benton McMillin (in office 1899 to 1903) commissioned him as Captain of Company K of the Fifth Regiment. After only a few days, Hutchison was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel and a week later, promoted to Colonel of that regiment (at 22 years of age). He served as Colonel for five years and during that time commanded all of the troops of Tennessee, as he was the ranking officer of the State. During this time Hutchison wrote the rules and regulations of that governed the military forces of Tennessee. After serving continuously for nine years he voluntarily went on retirement as a Brigadier-General. [1]

Civilian career

The new Governor of Tennessee, Malcolm R. Patterson (in office 1907 to 1911), appointed Hutchison as the Commissary General of Tennessee and also a member of his personal military staff. About the same time, the Mayor of Nashville appointed Hutchison to the board of Civil Service Commissioners, and confirmed by the City Council on October 25, 1907 as a Police Commissioner of the city, in which capacity he made new rules and regulations for the police. [2] Concerned about the need to regulate cruelty to animals and to protect and care for the youth and children of the city, Hutchison went before the Legislature of Tennessee and his testimony resulted in a commission being created to address those issues. Hutchison joined the commission resulting in concrete reforms in Nashville that targeted cruel drivers of animals and organized a Juvenile Court. [1]

Volunteer soldier in Greece

Hutchison was a supporter of the Progressive Party and he became interested in the struggle in the Balkans after a visit to New York on business. He departed New York on 13 November 1912 aboard the American vessel Laura and arrived in Greece on 27 November 1912. Hutchison was immediately commissioned a Major of Artillery in the Garibaldi Legion and joined the Greek Army during the First Balkan War. After meeting Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, Hutchison was sent to Epirus with the Fifteenth Regiment of Greek Infantry and some eight batteries of artillery, as part of the Army of Epirus. Hutchison participated in the various battles and assaults on the Turkish fort of Bizani, during which he was wounded. Following the Greek victory and the fall of Ioannina, Hutchison was one of a staff of officers who escorted 2,700 Turkish prisoners to Corfu. After the war in Epirus, Hutchison returned to Nashville, where he was celebrated by the Greek-American community of that town. In 1913, he published his memoires of the Epirus campaign entitled An American Soldier Under the Greek Flag at Bezanie. [1]

Inventions

Hutchison was also an inventor. On 19 July 1927, he was awarded U.S. patent number "US1636637 A" for the design of a "Combination Tool", a combined measuring and gauging implement for use by mechanics, carpenters and metal workers. [3] He would create several coin-operated games in his later life including the game Steeplechase distributed by Keeney & Sons and the early pinball table Scram. [4]

Death

Hutchison died on March 11, 1936. He is buried in Spring Hill Cemetery in Nashville.

Related Research Articles

First Balkan War 1912–1913 war between the Balkan League and the Ottoman Empire

The First Balkan War lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and involved actions of the Balkan League against the Ottoman Empire. The Balkan states' combined armies overcame the initially numerically inferior and strategically disadvantaged Ottoman armies and achieved rapid success.

Battle of Pente Pigadia

The Battle of Pente Pigadia or Battle of Beshpinar, took place on 24–30 October (O.S.), 1912. It was a battle fought between Greek forces under Lieutenant General Konstantinos Sapountzakis and Ottoman forces under General Esad Pasha during the First Balkan War. The battle began when the Ottomans attacked Greek positions at Anogi. Early snowfall prevented the Ottomans from launching a big offensive, while the Greeks managed to hold their ground for six days in the ensuing series of skirmishes.

Battle of Bizani 1913 battle between Greek and Ottoman forces during the First Balkan War

The Battle of Bizani took place in Epirus on 4–6 March [O.S. 19–21 February] 1913. The battle was fought between Greek and Ottoman forces during the last stages of the First Balkan War, and revolved around the forts of Bizani, which covered the approaches to Ioannina, the largest city in the region.

Battle of Kilkis–Lachanas

The Battle of Kilkis–Lachanas took place between Greece and Bulgaria during the Second Balkan War. The two countries fought for the town of Kilkis in Central Macedonia from 19 to 21 June 1913 O.S. with Greece ultimately being victorious.

Panagiotis Danglis

Panagiotis Danglis was a Greek Army general and politician. He is particularly notable for his invention of the Schneider-Danglis mountain gun, his service as chief of staff in the Balkan Wars and his participation in the Triumvirate of the Provisional Government of National Defence during World War I.

The 24th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment was a volunteer infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Anastasios Charalambis Greek Lieutenant General

Anastasios Charalambis was a Greek Lieutenant General and interim Prime Minister of Greece for one day in 1922.

Leonidas Paraskevopoulos

Leonidas Paraskevopoulos was a senior officer of the Hellenic Army and politician. He played a major role in Greece's war effort during World War I, and was the commander-in-chief of the Army of Asia Minor in 1919–20. In later life he was a member of the Greek Senate and served as its speaker in 1930–32.

Dimitrios Doulis Greek Army officer

Dimitrios Doulis, was a Greek military officer, from Nivica in modern southern Albania.

Konstantinos Sapountzakis Hellenic Army general

Konstantinos Sapountzakis was a Hellenic Army officer. He is notable as the first head of the Hellenic Army General Staff and as the first commander of the Army of Epirus during the First Balkan War.

French military mission to Greece (1911–1914)

The 1911–1914 French military mission to Greece was called to Greece by the government of Eleftherios Venizelos to reorganize the Hellenic Army, parallel to a British naval mission for the Royal Hellenic Navy. The French mission arrived in January 1911, under the command of General Joseph-Paul Eydoux, replaced in April 1914 by General Étienne de Villaret. Its reforms contributed to the Greek army's success during the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913. It remained in the country until it was repatriated shortly after the outbreak of World War I in August 1914.

The following is the order of battle of the Hellenic Army during the First Balkan War.

Konstantinos Moschopoulos

Konstantinos Moschopoulos was a senior officer of the Hellenic Army who distinguished himself in the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913 and served as Chief of the Hellenic Army General Staff.

Eugene Oscar Fechet, was a United States Army officer who served in the American Civil War, Spanish–American War and in the Egyptian Army.

Alexandros Merentitis was a Hellenic Army officer who rose to the rank of Major General. He participated in all Greek wars of the early 20th century, served as effective Chief of the Hellenic Army General Staff in 1928–1929, General Secretary of the newly established Aviation Ministry in 1930–1934, and briefly as General-Governor of Northern Greece and Minister of Military Affairs in 1945.

Dimitrios Papadopoulos was a Hellenic Army officer who reached the rank of Lieutenant General. He is most notable for his leadership in the Greco-Italian War of 1940–41.

Battle of Driskos

The Battle of Driskos, took place on 26–28 November (O.S.), 1912. It was a battle fought between Greek forces under Alexandros Romas and Ottoman forces under General Esad Pasha during the First Balkan War. The battle began when the Hellenic Army attacked the Ottoman defensive line at the Hani of Kamber Aga.

Battery "F", 2nd Illinois Light Artillery Regiment Military unit

Battery "F", 2nd Illinois Light Artillery Regiment was an artillery battery from Illinois that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The battery was organized in December 1861 at Cape Girardeau, Missouri. The unit fought at Shiloh, First Corinth, and Second Corinth in 1862 and at Vicksburg and Jackson in 1863. The battery served in the Atlanta campaign and at Nashville in 1864. It was mustered out of federal service in July 1865. The battery's first commander was John Wesley Powell who later led an exploration of the Grand Canyon.

Nikolaos Kladas Greek Army officer

Nikolaos Kladas was a Hellenic Army officer who reached the rank of major general.

The Provisional Army of Tennessee was activated on May 9, 1861, when Tennessee had entered into a military league with the Confederate States. The provisional army were to contain 25,000 men for field service and 30,000 in the reserves. The staff officers were appointed by the Governor, while the field, company, and non-commissioned officers were elected by the men. It was transferred to the Provisional Army of the Confederate States as of July 31, 1861; the transfer being concluded by August 7, the same year.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "An American Soldier Under the Greek Flag at Bezanie: A Thrilling Story of the Siege of Bezanie" by the Greek Army, in Epirus, During the War in the Balkans (1913, Greek-American Publishing Company, Nashville, Tennessee), pp 1–13, https://archive.org/details/americansoldieru00hutcrich
  2. Giakoumis, Peter S. (2020). "The Forgotten Heroes of the Balkan Wars: Greek-Americans and Philhellenes 1912-1913" Starry Night Publishing. p.257. ISBN   979-8673950227.
  3. United States Patent Office. Thomas Setzer Hutchison. Combination Tool. Patent number US1636637 A, http://www.google.com/patents/US1636637
  4. Bueschel, Richard M. Encyclopedia of Pinball, Volume 1. Silverball Amusements. pp. 59–60. ISBN   1889933015.