|Thomas Setzer Hutchison|
Thomas Setzer Hutchison
Photo circa 1903
|Born||October 29, 1875|
|Died|| March 11, 1936 60) (aged|
|Place of burial||Spring Hill Cemetery, Nashville|
|Service/|| Artillery |
|Years of service|| 1892–1898: Washington Artillery, Tennessee|
1898: 2nd Regiment of Infantry, Tennessee
1898–1903: 5th Regiment, Tennessee
1912–1913: 15th Regiment of Greek Infantry, Greece
|Rank|| Captain (Tennessee)|
Brigadier General (Tennessee)
Major of Artillery, (Garibaldi Legion, Greece)
|Battles/wars|| Spanish–American War |
Battle of Bizani
Thomas Setzer Hutchison (29 October 1875 – 11 March 1936) was an American military officer, volunteer officer in Greece, police commissioner, civil reformer, author and inventor.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Son of J. H. Hutchison and Suzen Powell; brother of Albert Hutchison. At 17 years of age, Thomas Setzer Hutchison joined the Washington Artillery of Tennessee as a private soldier, and saw service in the mountains of East Tennessee during the mining troubles. He was quickly promoted through all of the ranks of his battery from Gun Corporal, to Gun Sergeant, to Quartermaster-Sergeant, and finally to First Sergeant. Hutchison received commissions as Second Lieutenant of the Artillery by Tennessee Governor Robert Love Taylor (in office 1887 to 1891), and shortly after Captain and given a new artillery battery. With the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, Hutchison was transferred to the Second Regiment of Infantry as Captain of Company D and served with distinction during that conflict. After the war, he was discharged and returned to his home in Tennessee, where Governor Benton McMillin (in office 1899 to 1903) commissioned him as Captain of Company K of the Fifth Regiment. After only a few days, Hutchison was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel and a week later, promoted to Colonel of that regiment (at 22 years of age). He served as Colonel for five years and during that time commanded all of the troops of Tennessee, as he was the ranking officer of the State. During this time Hutchison wrote the rules and regulations of that governed the military forces of Tennessee. After serving continuously for nine years he voluntarily went on retirement as a Brigadier-General.
East Tennessee comprises approximately the eastern third of the U.S. state of Tennessee, one of the three Grand Divisions of Tennessee defined in state law. East Tennessee consists of 33 counties, 30 located within the Eastern Time Zone and three counties in the Central Time Zone, namely Bledsoe, Cumberland, and Marion. East Tennessee is entirely located within the Appalachian Mountains, although the landforms range from densely forested 6,000-foot (1,800 m) mountains to broad river valleys. The region contains the major cities of Knoxville, Chattanooga, and Johnson City, Tennessee's third, fourth, and ninth largest cities, respectively.
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The new Governor of Tennessee, Malcolm R. Patterson (in office 1907 to 1911), appointed Hutchison as the Commissary General of Tennessee and also a member of his personal military staff. About the same time, the Mayor of Nashville appointed Hutchison as a Police Commissioner of the city, in which capacity he made new rules and regulations for the police. Concerned about the need to regulate cruelty to animals and to protect and care for the youth and children of the city, Hutchison went before the Legislature of Tennessee and his testimony resulted in a commission being created to address those issues. Hutchison joined the commission resulting in concrete reforms in Nashville that targeted cruel drivers of animals and organized a Juvenile Court.
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Hutchison was a supporter of the Progressive Party and he became interested in the struggle in the Balkans after a visit to New York on business. He departed New York on 13 November 1912 aboard the American vessel Laura and arrived in Greece on 27 November 1912. Hutchison was immediately commissioned a Major of Artillery in the Garibaldi Legion and joined the Greek Army during the First Balkan War. After meeting Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, Hutchison was sent to Epirus with the Fifteenth Regiment of Greek Infantry and some eight batteries of artillery, as part of the Army of Epirus. Hutchison participated in the various battles and assaults on the Turkish fort of Bizani, during which he was wounded. Following the Greek victory and the fall of Ioannina, Hutchison was one of a staff of officers who escorted 2,700 Turkish prisoners to Corfu. After the war in Epirus, Hutchison returned to Nashville, where he was celebrated by the Greek-American community of that town. In 1913, he published his memoires of the Epirus campaign entitled An American Soldier Under the Greek Flag at Bezanie.
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Hutchison was also an inventor. On 19 July 1927, he was awarded U.S. patent number "US1636637 A" for the design of a "Combination Tool", a combined measuring and gauging implement for use by mechanics, carpenters and metal workers.
Hutchison died on March 11, 1936. He is buried in Spring Hill Cemetery in Nashville, Tennessee.
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