Thomas Shakespeare (politician)

Last updated

Thomas Mitchell Shakespeare (25 July 1873 16 September 1938) was an Australian politician.

He was born in Penrith to engineer Thomas Shakespeare and Margaret Brown. He was educated at Forbes and became a compositor's apprentice at the age of fourteen. In 1894 he founded the Condobolin Lachlander newspaper. In 1896 he married Anne Forster, with whom he had six children. He ran the Grafton Argus from 1902 to 1904 and from 1904 to 1928 was secretary of the New South Wales Country Press Association, becoming president from 1928 to 1929. In 1925 he began Federal Capital Press of Australia Ltd, publisher of The Canberra Times . [1]

Penrith, New South Wales Suburb of Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Penrith is a suburb in New South Wales, Australia, located west of Sydney. Nicknamed "The Riff" by many of the locals, it is located in Greater Western Sydney, 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of the Sydney central business district on the banks of the Nepean River, on the outskirts of the Cumberland Plain. Its elevation is 25 metres (82 ft).

Forbes, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Forbes is a town in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia, located on the Newell Highway between Parkes and West Wyalong. At the 2016 census, Forbes had a population of 8,432. Forbes is probably named after Sir Francis Forbes, first Chief Justice of NSW.

<i>The Canberra Times</i> Australian newspaper

The Canberra Times is a daily newspaper in Canberra, Australia, which is published by Australian Community Media, formerly part of Fairfax Media.

He was initially a member of the Labor Party, but he left over conscription in the 1916 Labor split and became a Nationalist. From 1923 to 1934 he was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council. From 1930 until his death he was also a member of the Australian Capital Territory Advisory Council. Shakespeare died in Canberra in 1938. [2]

The Australian Labor Party , also known as NSW Labor and Country Labor in regional areas, is the New South Wales branch of the Australian Labor Party. The parliamentary leader is elected from and by the members of the party caucus, comprising all party members in the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. The party factions have a strong influence on the election of the leader. The leader's position is dependent on the continuing support of the caucus and the leader may be deposed by failing to win a vote of confidence of parliamentary members. By convention, the premier sits in the Legislative Assembly, and is the leader of the party controlling a majority in that house. The party leader also typically is a member of the Assembly, though this is not a strict party constitutional requirement. Barrie Unsworth, for example, was elected party leader while a member of the Legislative Council. He then transferred to the Assembly by winning a seat at a by-election.

The Australian Labor Party split of 1916 occurred following severe disagreement within the Australian Labor Party over the issue of proposed World War I conscription in Australia. Labor Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes had, by 1916, become an enthusiastic supporter of conscription as a means to boost Australia's contribution to the war effort. On 30 August 1916, he announced plans for a referendum on the issue, and introduced enabling legislation into parliament on 14 September, which passed only with the support of the opposition. Six of Hughes' ministers resigned in protest at the move, and the New South Wales state branch of the Labor Party expelled Hughes. The referendum saw an intense campaign in which Labor figures vehemently advocated on each side of the argument, although the "no" campaign narrowly won on 14 November. In the wake of the referendum defeat, the caucus moved to expel Hughes on 14 November; instead, he and 23 supporters resigned and formed the National Labor Party. Frank Tudor was elected leader of the rump party. Hughes was recommissioned as Prime Minister, heading a minority government supported by the opposition Commonwealth Liberal Party; the two parties then merged as the Nationalist Party of Australia and won the 1917 federal election. The Nationalist Party served as the main conservative party of Australia until 1931, and the split resulted in many early Labor figures ending their careers on the political right.

New South Wales Legislative Council Upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales

The New South Wales Legislative Council, often referred to as the upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of the Australian state of New South Wales. The other is the Legislative Assembly. Both sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. It is normal for legislation to be first deliberated on and passed by the Legislative Assembly before being considered by the Legislative Council, which acts in the main as a house of review.

Related Research Articles

Albert Gardiner Australian politician

Albert "Jupp" Gardiner was an Australian politician who served as a Senator for New South Wales from 1910 to 1926 and again briefly in 1928. A member of the Labor Party, he served in cabinet as Vice-President of the Executive Council under Andrew Fisher and Billy Hughes, and from 1916 to 1926 was his party's Senate leader; he was its only senator from 1920 to 1922. Before entering federal politics he had served in the Parliament of New South Wales from 1891 to 1895 and from 1904 to 1907.

Thomas Bavin New South Wales politician and Premier of New South Wales

Sir Thomas Rainsford Bavin, KCMG was the 24th Premier of New South Wales.

Thomas Waddell New South Wales politician and Premier

Thomas Waddell, an Australian politician, was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1887 to 1917, was briefly the premier of New South Wales during 1904, and was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council from 1917 to 1934.

Keppel Earl "Kep" Enderby QC was an Australian politician and judge. Enderby was a member of the House of Representatives, representing the Australian Labor Party between 1970 and 1975 and became a senior cabinet minister in the Gough Whitlam government. After politics, he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales.

George Fuller (Australian politician) New South Wales politician and Premier

Sir George Warburton Fuller KCMG was an Australian politician who served as the 22nd Premier of New South Wales, in office from 1922 to 1925 and for one day in December 1921. He previously served in the federal House of Representatives from 1901 to 1913, representing the Division of Illawarra, and was Minister for Home Affairs under Alfred Deakin from 1909 to 1910.

John Cusack (politician) Australian politician

John Joseph Cusack was an Australian politician, coachbuilder and garage proprietor.

Philip Collier Australian politician

Philip Collier was an Australian politician who served as the 14th Premier of Western Australia from 1924 to 1930 and from 1933 to 1936. He was leader of the Labor Party from 1917 to 1936, and is Western Australia's longest-serving premier from that party.

Jeff Bate Australian politician

Henry Jefferson Percival "Jeff" Bate was an Australian politician, representing the United Australia Party and the Liberal Party of Australia for most of his career, but ended as an independent.

Allan Fraser (Australian politician) Australian politician and journalist

Allan Duncan Fraser was an Australian politician and journalist. He served as a member of the House of Representatives from 1943 to 1966 and from 1969 to 1972, representing the Division of Eden-Monaro for the Labor Party.

Thomas Brown (New South Wales politician) Australian farmer and politician

Thomas Brown was an Australian farmer and politician, born near Forbes, New South Wales, to Mitchell Brown, a domestic servant, and his wife Isabella, née Abernethy.

Josiah Thomas 19th and 20th-century Australian politician

Josiah Thomas was an Australian politician. He was elected to the House of Representatives at the inaugural 1901 federal election, representing the Labor Party. Thomas served as a minister in Andrew Fisher's first two governments, as Postmaster-General and Minister for External Affairs (1911–1913). He joined the Nationalist Party after the 1916 Labor split and transferred to the Senate at the 1917 election, serving as a Senator for New South Wales from 1917 to 1923 and from 1925 to 1929.

A Political families of Australia is a family in which multiple members are involved in Australian politics, particularly electoral politics. Members may be related by blood or marriage; often several generations or multiple siblings may be involved.

Arthur Blakeley Australian politician

Arthur Blakeley was an Australian politician who served in the House of Representatives from 1917 to 1934, representing the Labor Party. He was the party's deputy leader from 1928 to 1929 and served as Minister for Home Affairs in the Scullin Government (1929–1932).

Lilian Fowler Australian politician

Elizabeth Lilian Maud Fowler MBE, JP was an Australian politician, and Australia's first female mayor.

Ellison Wentworth Quirk, JP was a New South Wales politician, Alderman and member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, representing the electorate of Warringah from 1901 to 1904.

Reg Downing Australian politician

Robert Reginald Downing, AC QC was an Australian lawyer, textile worker, union organiser and politician. He was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council for the Labor Party for 31 years from 1940 to 1972 and also served as the Attorney General, Minister for Justice and Vice-President of the Executive Council from 1941 to 1965.

Matthew Charlton Australian politician

Matthew Charlton was an Australian politician who served as leader of the Labor Party from 1922 to 1928. He led the party to defeat at the 1922 and 1925 federal elections.

Robert Lynn (Australian politician) (1873-1928) shipowner and businessman

Robert John Lynn was an Australian businessman and politician who served as a member of the Legislative Council of Western Australia from 1912 to 1924. Prior to entering politics, he had been prominent in the coal industry, although he had business interests across multiple sectors.

Australian Labor Party (Northern Territory Branch) Territory branch of the Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as Territory Labor, is the Northern Territory branch of the Australian Labor Party. It has been the governing party of the Northern Territory since winning the 2016 election under Michael Gunner. It previously held office from 2001 to 2012.

Ulrich Ellis Australian journalist

Ulrich Ruegg Ellis was an Australian journalist, political activist, and historian. He was known for his work in developing Canberra, his involvement with the New State Movement, and his behind-the-scenes work with the Country Party. He was the younger brother of the writer Malcolm Henry Ellis.


  1. Gibbney, H J. "Shakespeare, Thomas Mitchell (1873-1938)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  2. "Mr Thomas Mitchell Shakespeare (1873-1938)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 23 June 2019.