Thomas Shakespeare (politician)

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Thomas Mitchell Shakespeare (25 July 1873 16 September 1938) was an Australian politician.

He was born in Penrith to engineer Thomas Shakespeare and Margaret Brown. He was educated at Forbes and became a compositor's apprentice at the age of fourteen. In 1894 he founded the Condobolin Lachlander newspaper. In 1896 he married Anne Forster, with whom he had six children. He ran the Grafton Argus from 1902 to 1904 and from 1904 to 1928 was secretary of the New South Wales Country Press Association, becoming president from 1928 to 1929. In 1925 he began Federal Capital Press of Australia Ltd, publisher of The Canberra Times . [1]

Penrith, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Penrith is a suburb and major centre in the metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Nicknamed "The Riff" by many of the locals, it is located in Greater Western Sydney, 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of the Sydney central business district on the banks of the Nepean River, on the outskirts of the Cumberland Plain. Its elevation is 25 metres (82 ft).

Forbes, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Forbes is a town in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia, located on the Newell Highway between Parkes and West Wyalong. At the 2016 census, Forbes had a population of 8,432. Forbes is probably named after Sir Francis Forbes, first Chief Justice of NSW.

<i>The Canberra Times</i> Australian newspaper

The Canberra Times is a daily newspaper in Canberra, Australia, which is published by Australian Community Media, formerly part of Fairfax Media.

He was initially a member of the Labor Party, but he left over conscription in the 1916 Labor split and became a Nationalist. From 1923 to 1934 he was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council. From 1930 until his death he was also a member of the Australian Capital Territory Advisory Council. Shakespeare died in Canberra in 1938. [2]

The Australian Labor Party , also known as NSW Labor and Country Labor in regional areas, is the New South Wales branch of the Australian Labor Party. The parliamentary leader is elected from and by the members of the party caucus, comprising all party members in the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. The party factions have a strong influence on the election of the leader. The leader's position is dependent on the continuing support of the caucus and the leader may be deposed by failing to win a vote of confidence of parliamentary members. By convention, the premier sits in the Legislative Assembly, and is the leader of the party controlling a majority in that house. The party leader also typically is a member of the Assembly, though this is not a strict party constitutional requirement. Barrie Unsworth, for example, was elected party leader while a member of the Legislative Council. He then transferred to the Assembly by winning a seat at a by-election.

The Australian Labor Party split of 1916 occurred following severe disagreement within the Australian Labor Party over the issue of proposed World War I conscription in Australia. Labor Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes had, by 1916, become an enthusiastic supporter of conscription as a means to boost Australia's contribution to the war effort. On 30 August 1916, he announced plans for a referendum on the issue, and introduced enabling legislation into parliament on 14 September, which passed only with the support of the opposition. Six of Hughes' ministers resigned in protest at the move, and the New South Wales state branch of the Labor Party expelled Hughes. The referendum saw an intense campaign in which Labor figures vehemently advocated on each side of the argument, although the "no" campaign narrowly won on 14 November. In the wake of the referendum defeat, the caucus moved to expel Hughes on 14 November; instead, he and 23 supporters resigned and formed the National Labor Party. Frank Tudor was elected leader of the rump party. Hughes was recommissioned as Prime Minister, heading a minority government supported by the opposition Commonwealth Liberal Party; the two parties then merged as the Nationalist Party of Australia and won the 1917 federal election. The Nationalist Party served as the main conservative party of Australia until 1931, and the split resulted in many early Labor figures ending their careers on the political right.

New South Wales Legislative Council Upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales

The New South Wales Legislative Council, often referred to as the upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of the Australian state of New South Wales. The other is the Legislative Assembly. Both sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. It is normal for legislation to be first deliberated on and passed by the Legislative Assembly before being considered by the Legislative Council, which acts in the main as a house of review.

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References

  1. Gibbney, H J. "Shakespeare, Thomas Mitchell (1873-1938)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  2. "Mr Thomas Mitchell Shakespeare (1873-1938)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 23 June 2019.