Thomas Sharp (priest)

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Thomas Sharp (1693–1758) was an English churchman, known as a biographer and theological writer, archdeacon of Northumberland from 1723.

The Archdeacon of Northumberland is a senior ecclesiastical officer within the Diocese of Newcastle. As such she or he is responsible for the disciplinary supervision of the clergy within the geographical area of the archdeaconry. The post is currently vacant.

Contents

Thomas Sharp. Thomas Sharp archdeacon.jpg
Thomas Sharp.

Life

A younger son of John Sharp, archbishop of York, he was born on 12 December 1693. At the age of 15 he was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1712, M.A. in 1716, and was elected to a fellowship. [1]

John Sharp (bishop) Archbishop of York

John Sharp, English divine who served as Archbishop of York.

Archbishop of York second most senior bishop of the Church of England

The Archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury. The archbishop is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of York and the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York, which covers the northern regions of England as well as the Isle of Man. The Archbishop of York is an ex officio member of the House of Lords and is styled Primate of England.

Trinity College, Cambridge constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.

Sharp became chaplain to Archbishop William Dawes, a prebendary of Southwell Minster, and a member of the Gentlemen's Society at Spalding. He was also prebendary of Wistow in York Minster (29 April 1719), appointed rector of Rothbury, Northumberland in 1720, and collated archdeacon of Northumberland on 27 February 1722/3. He was created D.D. at Cambridge in 1729. On 1 December 1732 he was installed in the tenth prebend of Durham Cathedral at Durham, and in 1755 he succeeded Thomas Mangey as official to the dean and chapter of the cathedral.

Sir William Dawes, 3rd Baronet Archbishop of York; Bishop of Chester; Master of St Catharines

Sir William Dawes, 3rd Baronet, was an Anglican prelate. He served as Bishop of Chester from 1708 to 1714 and then as Archbishop of York from 1714 to 1724.

Southwell Minster Church in Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom

Southwell Minster is a minster and cathedral, in Southwell, Nottinghamshire, England. It is situated six miles from Newark-on-Trent and thirteen miles from Mansfield. It is the seat of the Bishop of Southwell and Nottingham and the Diocese of Southwell and Nottingham.

York Minster Church in York, England

The Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Saint Peter in York, commonly known as York Minster, is the cathedral of York, England, and is one of the largest of its kind in Northern Europe. The minster is the seat of the Archbishop of York, the third-highest office of the Church of England, and is the mother church for the Diocese of York and the Province of York. It is run by a dean and chapter, under the Dean of York. The title "minster" is attributed to churches established in the Anglo-Saxon period as missionary teaching churches, and serves now as an honorific title. Services in the minster are sometimes regarded as on the High Church or Anglo-Catholic end of the Anglican continuum.

Sharp died at Durham on 16 March 1758, and was buried at the west end of the cathedral in the chapel called the Galilee.

Works

His main works were:

Jeremy Taylor English clergyman

Jeremy Taylor (1613–1667) was a cleric in the Church of England who achieved fame as an author during the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell. He is sometimes known as the "Shakespeare of Divines" for his poetic style of expression, and he is frequently cited as one of the greatest prose writers in the English language. He is remembered in the Church of England's calendar of saints with a Lesser Festival on 13 August.

Joseph Besse was an English Quaker controversialist. He quantified the sufferings and persecution of the Quakers.

John Hutchinson was an English theologian and natural philosopher.

A collected edition of Sharp's Works appeared in 1763; his correspondence with Mrs. Catherine Cockburn on moral virtue and moral obligation was published in 1743.

Family

Sharp married, on 19 June 1722, Judith, daughter of Sir George Wheler (she died on 2 July 1757), and had fourteen children. Their eldest son, John Sharp, D.D., was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, became a prebendary of Durham, archdeacon of Northumberland, vicar of Hartborne, perpetual curate of Bamburgh, and senior trustee of the estates of Nathaniel Crewe, bishop of Durham; and died on 28 April 1792. Their ninth son was abolitionist Granville Sharp, and another son, William, was known as a surgeon.

Granville Sharp English campaigners for the abolition of the slave trade

Granville Sharp was one of the first English campaigners for the abolition of the slave trade. He also involved himself in trying to correct other social injustices. Sharp formulated the plan to settle black people in Sierra Leone, and founded the St. George's Bay Company, a forerunner of the Sierra Leone Company. His efforts led to both the founding of the Province of Freedom, and later on Freetown, Sierra Leone, and so he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of Sierra Leone. He was also a biblical scholar, a classicist, and a talented musician.

William Sharp (surgeon) British surgeon

William Sharp was an English physician reported to have acted as surgeon to King George III. With his brother Granville Sharp, he was an active supporter of the early campaign against slavery in Britain.

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References

<i>Dictionary of National Biography</i> multi-volume reference work

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.

Notes

  1. "Sharp, Thomas (SHRP709T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. Henry Kaye Bonney (1815). The life of the Right Reverend Father in God, Jeremy Taylor . Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies. pp. 247 note 1. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  3. Samuel Halkett (1971). Dictionary of anonymous and pseudonymous English literature. Ardent Media. p. 296. GGKEY:Y2LCRE90W6F. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  4. Joseph Besse (1735). The protestant flail: or a defence (grounded upon scripture) of a letter to the clergy of Northumberland: in answer to a pamphlet intitl'd A vindication of Bishop Taylor, &c. Printed and sold by the assigns of J. Sowle. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  5. Samuel Halkett; John Laing (1926). Dictionary of anonymous and pseudonymous English literature. Ardent Media. p. 90. GGKEY:0HXUCXC4634. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  6. György Kalmár (1751). Mr. Bate's answer to Dr. Sharp's two dissertations answered:: being a vindication of the etymology and scripture-meaning of elohim and berith. Sold by W. Sandby in Fleet-street. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  7. Robert G. Ingram (2007). Religion, reform and modernity in the eighteenth century: Thomas Secker and the Church of England. Boydell Press. p. 98. ISBN   978-1-84383-348-2 . Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  8. Walter Hodges (1756). Strictures upon some passages in Dr. Sharp's Cherubim: To which is subjoin'd a short reply to certain reveiwers [sic], by way of postscript. By the author of Elihu, and the Christian plan. Printed at the Theatre, and sold by J. Fletcher, and E. Withers. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : "Sharp, Thomas (1693-1758)". Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.