Thomas Shaw, 1st Baron Craigmyle

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Thomas Shaw
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Baron Craigmyle
Headstone commemorating Thomas Shaw, Baron Craigmyle (1850-1939) GraveOfBaronCraigmyle(StanleyHowe)Oct2005.jpg
Headstone commemorating Thomas Shaw, Baron Craigmyle (1850–1939)

Thomas Shaw, 1st Baron Craigmyle PC (23 May 1850 – 28 June 1937), known as The Lord Shaw from 1909 to 1929, was a Scottish radical [1] Liberal Party politician and judge.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

Contents

The son of Alexander Shaw of Dunfermline, Fife, Craigmyle was educated at the Dunfermline High School and at Edinburgh University. He was appointed an advocate in 1875 and became a Queen's Counsel in 1894. He gained an LLD from St Andrews University in October 1902 [2] and from the University of Aberdeen in 1906 and was also Hamilton Fellow in Mental Philosophy at Edinburgh University.

Dunfermline Town in Fife, Scotland

Dunfermline is a town and former Royal Burgh, and parish, in Fife, Scotland, on high ground 3 miles (5 km) from the northern shore of the Firth of Forth. The town currently has a recorded population of 50,380 in 2012, making it the most populous locality in Fife and the 11th most populous in Scotland.

Fife Council area of Scotland

Fife is a council area and historic county of Scotland. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. By custom it is widely held to have been one of the major Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife within Scotland. Fife is one of the six local authorities part of the Edinburgh and South East Scotland city region.

Dunfermline High School is one of four main high schools located in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. The school also caters for pupils from Kincardine, Rosyth and surrounding villages. The school was founded in 1468. Today it has over 1,550 pupils. The current Rector is Mr Iain Yuile.

Craigmyle sat as Member of Parliament (MP) for Hawick Burghs from 1892 to 1909 [3] and served as Solicitor General for Scotland from 1894 to 1895 and as Lord Advocate from December 1905 [4] to 1909. He resigned from parliament and ministerial office and was created a life peer as Baron Shaw, of Dunfermline in the County of Fife, on 20 February 1909, [5] so that he could sit in the House of Lords and serve as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary. He retired from this office in 1929 and was made an hereditary peer as Baron Craigmyle, of Craigmyle in the County of Aberdeen, on 7 Mar 1929. [6]

Hawick Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1868 until 1918. It consisted of the Roxburghshire burgh of Hawick and the Selkirkshire burghs of Galashiels and Selkirk.

Her Majesty's Solicitor General for Scotland is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Lord Advocate, whose duty is to advise the Scottish Government on Scots Law. They are also responsible for the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service which together constitute the Criminal Prosecution Service in Scotland.

Lord Advocate chief legal officer of the Scottish Government

Her Majesty's Advocate, known as the Lord Advocate, is the chief legal officer of the Scottish Government and the Crown in Scotland for both civil and criminal matters that fall within the devolved powers of the Scottish Parliament. He or she is the chief public prosecutor for Scotland and all prosecutions on indictment are conducted by the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service, nominally in the Lord Advocate's name.

Lord Craigmyle married Elspeth, daughter of George Forrest, in 1879. [7] He died in June 1937, aged 87, and was succeeded in the hereditary barony by his son Alexander. Lady Craigmyle died in 1939.

Alexander Shaw, 2nd Baron Craigmyle Scottish Liberal Party politician

Alexander Shaw, 2nd Baron Craigmyle was a Scottish Liberal Party politician.

Notes

  1. Fry, M. (5 February 1987). "Patronage and Principle: A Political History of Modern Scotland". Aberdeen University Press via Google Books.
  2. "University intelligence". The Times (36906). London. 23 October 1902. p. 9.
  3. Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 511. ISBN   0-900178-27-2.
  4. "No. 27864". The London Gazette . 15 December 1905. p. 9008.
  5. "No. 28238". The London Gazette . 2 April 1909. p. 2589.
  6. "No. 33493". The London Gazette . 10 May 1929. p. 3124.
  7. "SHAW, Rt. Hon. Thomas". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 1591.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alexander Laing Brown
Member of Parliament for Hawick Burghs
1892–1909
Succeeded by
Sir John Nicholson Barran
Legal offices
Preceded by
Alexander Asher
Solicitor General for Scotland
1894–1895
Succeeded by
Andrew Murray
Preceded by
Charles Scott Dickson
Lord Advocate
1905–1909
Succeeded by
Alexander Ure
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Craigmyle
1929–1937
Succeeded by
Alexander Shaw