Thomas Shelmerdine

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Toxteth library, designed by Thomas Shelmerdine Toxteth library 201712.jpg
Toxteth library, designed by Thomas Shelmerdine

Thomas Shelmerdine (1845–1921) was an English architect who was appointed to the post of City Surveyor of Liverpool in 1871 at the age of 26. He is the youngest person to have held that post.

Surveying The technique, profession, and science of determining the positions of points and the distances and angles between them

Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, art and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional positions of points and the distances and angles between them. A land surveying professional is called a land surveyor. These points are usually on the surface of the Earth, and they are often used to establish maps and boundaries for ownership, locations, such as building corners or the surface location of subsurface features, or other purposes required by government or civil law, such as property sales.

Liverpool City and Metropolitan borough in England

Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500. Its metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the UK, with a population of 2.24 million in 2011. The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region.

Shelmerdine was the architect of several buildings in Liverpool. In 1875, he designed the gates and lodge at the Ullet Road entrance to Sefton Park. In 1890 he drew the plans for Kensington Library. This is an asymmetrical building, in brick and dressed stone, with a white cupola. In 1896 he designed Everton Library in Heyworth Street, in grimshell and redbrick, on a triangular site. Toxteth Library, in Windsor Street, a balanced English Renaissance style building, was set out by him in 1902. By 1904 he was setting out St John's Gardens at the back of St George's Hall, which now contain interesting examples of Victorian and Edwardian public sculpture. In 1906 he was working on the Hornby Library, designed to house Hugh Frederick Hornby's collection of books and prints. His last design for a library was that at Sefton Park, on Aigburth Road. The ground floor is of ashlar and roughcast, the first is half-timbered. It was the last of Thomas Shelmerdine's libraries, and was completed in 1911.

Sefton Park public park in south Liverpool, England

Sefton Park is a public park in south Liverpool, England. The park is in a district of the same name, located roughly within the historic bounds of the large area of Toxteth Park. Neighbouring districts include modern-day Toxteth, Aigburth, Mossley Hill, Wavertree and St Michael's Hamlet.

In architecture, a cupola is a relatively small, most often dome-like, tall structure on top of a building. Often used to provide a lookout or to admit light and air, it usually crowns a larger roof or dome.

Everton Library former public library in Liverpool

Everton Library is a disused library building in Everton Brow, Liverpool. Designed by architect and Liverpool City Surveyor Thomas Shelmerdine and constructed in 1896, it remained in use as a library until 1999. It was used by community groups for a few years but as of 2018 it has been derelict for 12 years. There are plans in progress to convert the building for use as an arts, culture, heritage and enterprise centre.

His brother Henry Shelmerdine (1856-1935) was also an architect, who spent most of his career working for the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway.

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway British pre-grouping railway company

The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) was a major British railway company before the 1923 Grouping. It was incorporated in 1847 from an amalgamation of several existing railways. It was the third-largest railway system based in Northern England.

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References

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