Thomas Shillington

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Thomas Shillington (9 May 1835 – 24 January 1925) was an Irish factory owner and politician.

Irish people Ethnic group with Celtic and other roots, native to the island of Ireland, with shared history and culture

The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been primarily a Gaelic people. Viking invasions of Ireland during the 8th to 11th centuries established the cities of Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, Cork and Limerick. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century (re)conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island, especially the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of Ireland and the smaller Northern Ireland. The people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Irish, Northern Irish or some combination thereof.

The son of Averell Shillington (1802-1897), of a prominent Methodist family of Portadown, County Armagh, by his wife Mary (d. 1838), daughter of James Whealy, [1] [2] Shillington ran the Castleisland Linen Company for many years, and in 1897 inherited the business from his father. In 1908, he floated the company for £40,000. [3]

Portadown town in County Armagh, Northern Ireland

Portadown is a town in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. The town sits on the River Bann in the north of the county, about 24 miles (39 km) southwest of Belfast. It is in the Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council area and had a population of about 22,000 at the 2011 Census. For some purposes, Portadown is treated as part of the "Craigavon Urban Area", alongside Craigavon and Lurgan.

County Armagh Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

County Armagh is one of the traditional counties of Ireland and one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the southern shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 1,326 km² and has a population of about 174,792. County Armagh is known as the "Orchard County" because of its many apple orchards. The county is part of the historic province of Ulster.

Linen textile made from spun flax fiber

Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant. Linen is laborious to manufacture, but the fiber is very strong, absorbent and dries faster than cotton. Garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot and humid weather.

Shillington first came to prominence as the chairman of the Irish Land Committee on its formation in 1883, an organisation aiming to draw together numerous local tenant's rights bodies. At the 1885 general election, Shillington stood for the Liberal Party in North Armagh, but was not elected. [4] The following year, he became the first president of the Irish Protestant Home Rule Association, a body of Liberals aiming to show that a significant number of Protestants in Northern Ireland supported Home Rule. [5]

1885 United Kingdom general election nationwide election to the House of Commons

The 1885 United Kingdom general election was held from 24 November to 18 December 1885. This was the first general election after an extension of the franchise and redistribution of seats. For the first time a majority of adult males could vote and most constituencies by law returned a single member to Parliament fulfilling one of the ideals of Chartism to provide direct single-member, single-electorate accountability. It saw the Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, win the most seats, but not an overall majority. As the Irish Nationalists held the balance of power between them and the Conservatives who sat with an increasing number of allied Unionist MPs, this exacerbated divisions within the Liberals over Irish Home Rule and led to a Liberal split and another general election the following year.

North Armagh was a UK Parliament constituency in Ireland which returned one Member of Parliament from 1885 to 1922, using the first past the post electoral system.

Irish Protestant Home Rule Association was founded in Belfast in the Castle Restaurant in Donegall Place on 21 May 1886 to support Gladstones Home Rule bill for Ireland among members of the various Protestant faiths, following a defeat in the House of Commons.

At the 1895 general election, Shillington stood in South Tyrone as an independent nationalist, narrowly losing to the Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell. [6] In 1911, he was appointed to the Privy Council of Ireland, [7] and then in 1923 to the recently founded Privy Council of Northern Ireland. [8]

1895 United Kingdom general election

The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs following John Dillon whilst a rump followed John Redmond.

South Tyrone was a UK Parliament constituency in Ireland which returned one Member of Parliament from 1885 to 1922, using the first past the post electoral system.

The Liberal Unionist Party was a British political party that was formed in 1886 by a faction that broke away from the Liberal Party. Led by Lord Hartington and Joseph Chamberlain, the party formed a political alliance with the Conservative Party in opposition to Irish Home Rule. The two parties formed the ten-year-long coalition Unionist Government 1895–1905 but kept separate political funds and their own party organisations until a complete merger was agreed in May 1912.

By his wife, his first cousin, Sarah, daughter of Thomas Averell Shillington (1800-1874), of Tavanagh House, Portadown, [9] he had issue including a son, Thomas Averell Shillington, who took over the Castleisland Linen Company until its liquidation in 1929. [10] His cousin (and nephew by marriage) was the politician David Graham Shillington, father of Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary Graham Shillington. [11]

Major David Graham Shillington PC(NI) was an Ulster Unionist politician.

Royal Ulster Constabulary former police force in Northern Ireland

The Royal Ulster Constabulary was the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001. Following the awarding of the George Cross in 2000, its formal title became the Royal Ulster Constabulary, GC. It was founded on 1 June 1922 as a successor to the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC). At its peak the force had around 8,500 officers with a further 4,500 who were members of the RUC Reserve. During the Troubles, 319 members of the RUC were killed and almost 9,000 injured in paramilitary assassinations or attacks, mostly by the Provisional IRA, which made the RUC, by 1983, the most dangerous police force in the world in which to serve. In the same period, the RUC killed 55 people, 28 of whom were civilians.

Sir Robert Edward Graham Shillington was a senior Northern Irish police officer. He served as Chief Constable of Royal Ulster Constabulary from 1970 to 1973.

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 |official_name=Markethill  |irish_name=Cnoc an Mhargaidh  |scots_name=  |local_name=  |static_image=Central Markethill County Armagh Northern Ireland.JPG  |static_image_width=200px  |static_image_caption=  |map_type=Northern Ireland  |coordinates =54.2985°N 6.5214°W  |belfast_distance=40 miles
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References

  1. Walford's County Families of the United Kingdom, 1913, p. 1073
  2. The Linen Houses of the Bann Valley: The Story of Their Families, Kathleen Rankin, Ulster Historical Foundation, 2007, pp. 203-209
  3. Kathleen Rankin, The Linen Houses of the Bann Valley: The Story of Their Families, p.209
  4. George Fottrell, Dublin Castle and the First Home Rule Crisis, p.146
  5. Terence Bowman, People's Champion, p.62
  6. Desmond Murphy, Derry, Donegal, and Modern Ulster: 1790-1921, p.202
  7. Whitaker's Peerage (1921), p.494
  8. "The Belfast Gazette, 27 April 1923", p.132
  9. Walford's County Families of the United Kingdom, 1913, p. 1073
  10. The Linen Houses of the Bann Valley: The Story of Their Families, Kathleen Rankin, Ulster Historical Foundation, 2007, p. 209
  11. The Linen Houses of the Bann Valley: The Story of Their Families, Kathleen Rankin, Ulster Historical Foundation, 2007, pp. 203-209