Thomas Shotter Boys

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The Custom House in London, 1842 Custom House Shotter Boys.jpg
The Custom House in London, 1842

Thomas Shotter Boys (1803–1874) was an English watercolour painter and lithographer.

Life

Boys was born at Pentonville, London, on 2 January 1803. He was articled to the engraver George Cooke. [1] When his apprenticeship came to an end he went to Paris where he met and came under the influence of Richard Parkes Bonington, who persuaded him to abandon engraving for painting. Some sources describe him as a pupil of Bonington, although William Callow, who later shared a studio with him in Paris, disputed this. [2]

Pentonville Central London area located north-northeast of Charing Cross

Pentonville is an area on the northern fringe of Central London, in the London Borough of Islington. It is located 1.75 miles (2.82 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross on the Inner Ring Road. Pentonville developed in the northwestern edge of the ancient parish of Clerkenwell on the New Road. It is named from Henry Penton, the developer of the area.

George Cooke (engraver) English painter and engraver

George Cooke, was an English line engraver.

Richard Parkes Bonington Romantic landscape painter from England

Richard Parkes Bonington was an English Romantic landscape painter, who moved to France at the age of 14 and can also be considered as a French artist, and an intermediary bringing aspects of English style to France. Becoming, after his very early death, one of the most influential British artists of his time, the facility of his style was inspired by the old masters, yet was entirely modern in its application. His landscapes were mostly of coastal scenes, with a low horizon and large sky, showing a brilliant handling of light and atmosphere. He also painted small historical cabinet paintings in a freely-handled version of the troubadour style.

He exhibited at the Royal Academy for the first time in 1824, and in Paris in 1827. In 1830 he went to Brussels, but returned to England on the outbreak of the revolution there. Paying another visit to Paris, he remained there until 1837, and then returned to England in order to lithograph the works of David Roberts and Clarkson Stanfield. [1]

David Roberts (painter) Scottish painter

David Roberts RA was a Scottish painter. He is especially known for a prolific series of detailed lithograph prints of Egypt and the Near East that he produced from sketches he made during long tours of the region (1838–1840). These and his large oil paintings of similar subjects made him a prominent Orientalist painter. He was elected as a Royal Academician in 1841.

His most important work, Picturesque Architecture in Paris, Ghent, Antwerp, Rouen, etc., a collection of colour lithographs, [3] appeared in 1839, attracting a great deal of admiration. [1] Drawn on the stone by Boys and printed by Charles Joseph Hullmandel, it was described in a review in the Polytechnic Journal as "the first successful effort in chroma-lithography [ sic ] hitherto brought to perfection". [3] King Louis-Philippe sent the artist a ring in recognition of its merits. He also published Original Views of London as it is, drawn and lithographed by himself, (London, 1843). He drew the illustrations to Blackie's History of England, and etched some plates for John Ruskin's Stones of Venice. [1]

Chromolithography

Chromolithography is a unique method for making multi-colour prints. This type of colour printing stemmed from the process of lithography, and includes all types of lithography that are printed in colour. When chromolithography is used to reproduce photographs, the term photochrome is frequently used. Lithographers sought to find a way to print on flat surfaces with the use of chemicals instead of raised relief or recessed intaglio techniques.

Charles Joseph Hullmandel English lithographer of French descent

Charles Joseph Hullmandel was born in London, where he maintained a lithographic establishment on Great Marlborough Street from about 1819 until his death.

The Latin adverb sic inserted after a quoted word or passage indicates that the quoted matter has been transcribed or translated exactly as found in the source text, complete with any erroneous, archaic, or otherwise nonstandard spelling. It also applies to any surprising assertion, faulty reasoning, or other matter that might be likely interpreted as an error of transcription.

Boys was a member of the Institute of Painters in Water Colours, and of several foreign artistic societies. He died in 1874. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Fagan, Louis Alexander (1886). "Boys, Thomas Shotter"  . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 06. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. Bonington. Taylor & Francis. p. 32. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  3. 1 2 "Picturesque Architecture in Paris, Ghent, Antwerp, Rouen, etc". The Polytechnic journal. 2: 81. Retrieved 17 December 2011.