Thomas Sidney

Last updated
Thomas Sidney
Member of Parliament
for Stafford
In office
3 August 1860 11 July 1865
Servingwith Thomas Salt
Preceded by John Ayshford Wise
Thomas Salt
Succeeded by Michael Bass
Walter Meller
In office
30 July 1847 8 July 1852
Servingwith David Urquhart
Preceded by Swynfen Carnegie
Edward Manningham-Buller
Succeeded by John Ayshford Wise
Arthur Otway
Lord Mayor of London
In office
1853–1854
Preceded by Thomas Challis
Succeeded by Francis Moon
Personal details
Born5 January 1805
Stafford, Staffordshire
Died10 March 1889(1889-03-10) (aged 84)
St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex
Resting placeSt Michael-at-Bowes, Bowes Park, Middlesex
NationalityBritish
Political party Liberal
Other political
affiliations
Conservative
Spouse(s)
Eleanor Mary Ward(m. 1860)

Sarah Hall
(m. 1831;died 1857)
Residence Bowes Manor, Middlesex

Thomas Sidney (5 January 1805 – 10 March 1889) [1] [2] was a British Liberal Party and Conservative Party politician, and tea merchant. [3]

Great Britain Island in the North Atlantic off the northwest coast of continental Europe

Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi), it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, and the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. The island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago.

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade-supporting Peelites and the reformist Radicals in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

Conservative Party (UK) Centre-right party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 288 Members of Parliament. It also has 234 members of the House of Lords, 4 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, 8 members of the London Assembly and 7,445 local councillors.

Contents

Family and early life

Born in Stafford in 1805 to William Sidney and his wife Ann, Sidney was educated at Stafford Grammar School, becoming a tea importer and merchant on Ludgate Hill in 1838. He first married to Sarah Hall, daughter of William Hall, in 1831, and they one daughter, Ellen (born c.1832). [2] After Sarah's death in 1857, he remarried to Eleanor Mary Ward, daughter of W. Ward, on 12 January 1860. [4] He had at least one other child, Thomas Stafford. [5] [6]

Political career

Sidney's political career began as City Councillor of the City of London for Farringdon Ward for 1843 to 1844, and then as alderman of Billingsgate in 1844, a position he held for 36 years. [3] [2] He was also appointed Sheriff of the City of London and Middlesex in 1844, and Lord Mayor of London from 1853 to 1854. Incidentally, he was followed in this role by Francis Moon, the father of his son-in-law Reverend Edward Graham Moon, who had married his daughter Ellen. [5]

City of London City and county in United Kingdom

The City of London is a city and local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London. It constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the agglomeration has since grown far beyond the City's borders. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London, though it remains a notable part of central London. Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts. It is also a separate county of England, being an enclave surrounded by Greater London. It is the smallest county in the United Kingdom.

Farringdon, London historic area of the City of London in London, England

Farringdon is a district in Central London and takes on name from both the City of London wards of Farringdon Within and Farringdon Without and the station of the same name respectively.

Billingsgate ward of the City of London

Billingsgate is one of the 25 Wards of the City of London. Its name derives from being the City's original water gate, and this small City Ward is situated on the north bank of the River Thames between London Bridge and Tower Bridge in the south-east of the Square Mile.

He was first elected Conservative MP for Stafford at the 1847 general election, but stood down at the next election in 1852 in order to stand for Leeds where he was unsuccessful. He again unsuccessfully sought election in 1857 for Worcester as a Peelite Conservative, and then returned to Stafford to seek re-election as a Liberal in 1859. [2] [7] [8]

Stafford (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Stafford is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jeremy Lefroy, a Conservative.

1847 United Kingdom general election

The 1847 United Kingdom general election saw candidates calling themselves Conservatives win the most seats, in part because they won a number of uncontested seats. However, the split among the Conservatives between the majority of Protectionists, led by Lord Stanley, and the minority of free traders, known also as the Peelites, led by former prime minister Sir Robert Peel, left the Whigs, led by Prime Minister Lord John Russell, in a position to continue in government.

1852 United Kingdom general election

The 1852 United Kingdom general election was a watershed in the formation of the modern political parties of Britain. Following 1852, the Tory/Conservative party became, more completely, the party of the rural aristocracy, while the Whig/Liberal party became the party of the rising urban bourgeoisie in Britain. The results of the election were extremely close in terms of both the popular vote and the numbers of seats won by the two main parties.

He later returned to Parliament as a Liberal member after a by-election in 1860 — caused by the resignation of John Ayshford Wise — and held the seat until the 1865 general election, when he retired. [9] [7] [2]

John Ayshford Wise was a British Liberal and Whig politician.

1865 United Kingdom general election

The 1865 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by Lord Palmerston, increase their large majority over the Earl of Derby's Conservatives to more than 80. The Whig Party changed its name to the Liberal Party between the previous election and this one.

Bowes Manor

In 1855, Sidney leased the Bowes Manor in Bowes Park, after the death of Sir Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro, later purchasing the property in 1866. [10] He began developing the western border of the estate in 1870, laying out what is now Palmerston Road in around 1870, and building 30 large houses backing onto the New River. He also paid for much of the construction of the St Michael-at-Bowes Church, which was completed in 1874 and in which he is now buried. [3] [11] [12]

Bowes Park human settlement in United Kingdom

Bowes Park is situated on the borders of Wood Green, Palmers Green and Bounds Green in London, England. The postcodes for Bowes Park are N13 and N22. The border between the London boroughs of Enfield and Haringey goes through the area. Bowes Park "village" is defined as the triangle area between Bounds Green Road / Brownlow Rd, Green Lanes down to Trinity Road and the A406

Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro British lawyer, judge and politician

Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro, was a British lawyer, judge and politician. He was Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain between 1850 and 1852.

New River (England) artificial waterway in London, England

The New River is an artificial waterway in England, opened in 1613 to supply London with fresh drinking water taken from the River Lea and from Chadwell Springs and, originally, Amwell Springs, as well as other springs and wells along its course.

Upon his death in 1889, the manor and estate were put up for sale, but no purchasers came forward, and it was instead leased to the guardians of the poor of St Mary's Church, Islington; it later became ran down and divided up for development, and then sold for building in 1899. [3] [10]

Other activities

Sidney was also a Justice of the Peace for Middlesex and Westminster and a Deputy Lieutenant for London. [5] He was also an Overseer of the Poor in 1849, but was exempted, and the became a churchwarden for 1852/1853. [2]

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References

  1. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 4)
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Chapman, David Ian (2007). "Leyton House and the Walthamstow Slip" (PDF). Leyton & Leytonstone History Society. Leyton & Leytonstone History Society. p. 17. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "History of Bowes Park". Bowes Park Community Association. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  4. "Marriages". The Spectator . 21 January 1860. p. 20. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  5. 1 2 3 Walford, Edward (1882). The county families of the United Kingdom. Рипол Классик. p. 584. ISBN   9785871943618.
  6. "35"  . Page:Men-at-the-Bar.djvu via Wikisource.External link in |title= (help)
  7. 1 2 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885(e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  8. "Election Intelligence" . Leeds Times. 14 March 1857. p. 8. Retrieved 28 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. "Stafford Election Petition" . Manchester Times . 15 May 1869. p. 3. Retrieved 18 March 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. 1 2 Baggs, A.P.; Bolton, Diane K; Scarff, Eileen P; Tyack, G.C. (1976). "Edmonton: Manors". In Baker, T.F.T.; Pugh, R.B. (eds.). A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5, Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham. London: Victoria County History. pp. 149–154. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  11. "Bowes Park, Haringey/Enfield". Hidden London. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  12. "Saint Michael-at-Bowes, Southgate; Whittington Road, Edmonton". The National Archives . Retrieved 18 March 2018.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Ayshford Wise
Thomas Salt
Member of Parliament for Stafford
18601865
With: Thomas Salt
Succeeded by
Michael Bass
Walter Meller
Preceded by
Swynfen Carnegie
Edward Manningham-Buller
Member of Parliament for Stafford
18471852
With: David Urquhart
Succeeded by
John Ayshford Wise
Arthur Otway
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Challis
Lord Mayor of London
1853–1854
Succeeded by
Francis Moon