Thomas Simson

Last updated

Thomas Simson (1696–1764) was a Scottish medical academic at the University of St Andrews.

University of St Andrews university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland

The University of St Andrews is a British public university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. It is the oldest of the four ancient universities of Scotland and the third oldest university in the English-speaking world. St Andrews was founded between 1410 and 1413, when the Avignon Antipope Benedict XIII issued a papal bull to a small founding group of Augustinian clergy.



He was born in 1696. He obtained the degree of MD from the University of Glasgow in 1720, and two years later, in 1722 was appointed as the first Chandos Professor of Medicine at St Salvator's College, University of St Andrews, the first specifically medical appointment at the university. He was notable for lecturing predominantly in English, rather than the Latin which was at that time the normal language within the university.

A Doctor of Medicine is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions. In the United States, Canada and other countries, the MD denotes a professional graduate degree awarded upon graduation from medical school. In the United Kingdom, Ireland and other countries, the MD is a research doctorate, higher doctorate, honorary doctorate or applied clinical degree restricted to those who already hold a professional degree in medicine; in those countries, the equivalent professional degree is typically titled Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS).

University of Glasgow University located in Glasgow, Scotland and founded in 1451.

The University of Glasgow is a public research university in Glasgow, Scotland. Founded by papal bull in 1451, it is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's four ancient universities. Along with the universities of Edinburgh, Aberdeen, and St. Andrews, the university was part of the Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century.

The Chandos Chair of Medicine and Anatomy is a Chair in Medicine and Anatomy of the University of St Andrews, Scotland. It was established in 1721, by a bequest of £1000 from James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos - then the Chancellor of the University. His original aim was to establish a Chair of Eloquence, although this was rejected by the university in favour of a Chair in Medicine and Anatomy. Holders of the Chandos Chair are known as Chandos Professors. The Chandos Chair still exists today, although in 1875 it became a chair in physiology.


His publications included:


He married Margaret Preston on 20 January 1724, who bore him four children: Preston Simson (1728–1815); Robert Simson (1731–1817); Agnes Simson (1733–1780); and James Simson (1740–1770).

James Simson 1740–1770 was a medical academic and the second Chandos Professor of Medicine and Anatomy at the University of St Andrews, from 1764–1770. He was born on 21 March 1740, son of Thomas Simson and Margaret Simson. He was awarded the degree of MD. He succeeded his father as Chandos Professor in 1764, where he remained until his death on 30 August 1770.

He died in 1764, and who succeeded by his son James Simson as Chandos Professor at the university.

Related Research Articles

James Black (pharmacologist) Scottish doctor and pharmacologist

Sir James Whyte Black was a Scottish physician and pharmacologist. Black established a Veterinary Physiology department at the University of Glasgow, where he became interested in the effects of adrenaline on the human heart. He went to work for ICI Pharmaceuticals in 1958 and, while there, developed propranolol, a beta blocker used for the treatment of heart disease. Black was also responsible for the development of cimetidine, an H2 receptor antagonist, a drug used to treat stomach ulcers. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1988 for work leading to the development of propranolol and cimetidine.

Baron Leigh

Baron Leigh has been created twice as an hereditary title, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first creation came in the Peerage of England 1643 when Sir Thomas Leigh, 2nd Baronet, was created Baron Leigh, of Stoneleigh in the County of Warwick. The Leigh Baronetcy, of Stoneleigh in the County of Warwick, had been created in 1611 for his grandfather and namesake Thomas Leigh. The latter was the second son of Sir Thomas Leigh, Lord Mayor of London in 1558, whose third son Sir William Leigh was the grandfather of Francis Leigh, 1st Earl of Chichester. The titles became extinct on the death of the fifth Baron Leigh in 1786.

James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos English politician

James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, was the first of fourteen children of the 8th Baron Chandos and Elizabeth Barnard. Three days after his father's death on 16 October 1714, when he became 9th Baron Chandos, he was created Earl of Carnarvon, and he was subsequently created Duke of Chandos in 1719. He was a member of parliament for Hereford from 1698 to 1714.

John Goodsir Scottish anatomist

Dr John Goodsir was a Scottish anatomist. He was a pioneer in the formulation of cell theory.

The history of the University of St Andrews began with its foundation in 1410 when a charter of incorporation was bestowed upon the Augustinian priory of St Andrews Cathedral. The University grew in size quite rapidly; St Salvator's College was established in 1450, St Leonard's College in 1511 and St Mary's College in 1537. Some of the college buildings in use today date from this period as does St Salvator's Chapel. At this time much of the teaching was of a religious nature and was conducted by clerics associated with the cathedral.

The University of St Andrews School of Medicine is the school of medicine at the University of St Andrews in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland and the oldest medical school in Scotland.

James Bell Pettigrew British scientist

Prof James Bell Pettigrew FRSE FRS FRCPE LLD was a Scottish anatomist and noted amateur naturalist, aviation pioneer and museum curator. He was a distinguished naturalist in Britain, and Professor of Anatomy at St Andrews University from 1875 until his death.

Simson is a surname, also a given name, and may refer to:

James Hadow was principal of St Mary's College, St Andrews from 1707 till 1747. He was the born in Douglas, South Lanarkshire, Scotland on 13 August 1667. He died on 4 May 1747 at St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.

Professpr Percy Theodore Herring FRSE FRCPE LLD was a physician and physiologist, notable for first describing Herring bodies in the posterior pituitary gland.

James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos PC, styled Viscount Wilton from birth until 1744 and Marquess of Carnarvon from 1744 to 1771, was a British peer and politician.

Joseph Fairweather Lamb FRSE (1928–2015) was a 20th-century Scottish physician, who was Emeritus Professor of the Chandos Chair of Physiology at the University of St Andrews.

Andrew Duncan, the elder Scottish physician and founder of Royal Edinburgh Hospital

Andrew Duncan, the elder FRSE FRCPE FSA(Scot) was a British physician and professor at Edinburgh University. He was joint founder of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

John Caswell was an English mathematician who served as Savilian Professor of Astronomy at the University of Oxford from 1709 until his death.

George Edward Day (1815–1872) was a Welsh physician.

Andrew Simson (c.1526–c.1591) was a Scottish minister and schoolmaster.

James Naismith (chemist) Professor of Structural Biology at the University of Oxford

James Henderson Naismith is Professor of Structural Biology at the University of Oxford, Director of the Research Complex at Harwell and co-interim academic lead of the Rosalind Franklin Institute. Until May 2017 he was Bishop Wardlaw Professor of Chemical Biology at the University of St Andrews.

Neil Gordon (paediatrician)

Neil Simson Gordon, was a paediatric neurologist, who conducted research into eponymic diseases including chronic handicaps, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, disorders of languages and learning difficulties. Gordon was one of the first to initiate comprehensive multidisciplinary assessment centres for children. Gordon has been described as the "wise grand old man of UK paediatric neurology" and first specialist paediatric neurologist to be appointed outside London.