Thomas Skinner (Royal Engineers officer)

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Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Skinner (1759 6 February 1818) was a British military engineer born in England at Berwick-upon-Tweed. He died at Le Havre, France.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Berwick-upon-Tweed town in the county of Northumberland, England

Berwick-upon-Tweed is a town in the county of Northumberland. It is the northernmost town in England, at the mouth of the River Tweed on the east coast, 2 12 miles (4 km) south of the Scottish border. Berwick is approximately 56 miles (90 km) east-south east of Edinburgh, 65 miles (105 km) north of Newcastle upon Tyne and 345 miles (555 km) north of London.

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Life

Skinner was born to Thomas and Hester Skinner in Berwick upon Tweed. His grandfather was Lt. Col. William Skinner who was the Chief Engineer in Scotland, Gibraltar and Great Britain.

William Skinner (engineer) British military engineer

Lieutenant-General William Skinner was Chief Royal Engineer of Great Britain from 1757 until his death in 1780. He is best known for his work on the fortifications of Menorca and Gibraltar although he considered his work on Fort George to be his "monument".

Skinner came to Newfoundland in 1790 as chief engineer and spent 13 years working on fortifications and other military matters. War with France, starting in 1793, depleted the St John's garrison as they occupied the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. He recruited four companies, called the Royal Newfoundland Volunteers, to bolster the defence of St John's.

St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial capital city in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

St. John's is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the large Canadian island, Newfoundland. The city spans 446.04 square kilometres (172.22 sq mi) and is North America's easternmost city.

Skinner later recruited and took command of the Royal Newfoundland Fencible Regiment which was disbanded with the peace of 1802. In 1803, he left Newfoundland and retired a few years later. He must be recognized as having strengthened defences in Newfoundland under difficult circumstance, serving a number of governors who were often at variance with the military authorities.

See also

The Dictionary of Canadian Biography is a dictionary of biographical entries for individuals who have contributed to the history of Canada. The DCB, which was initiated in 1959, is a collaboration between the University of Toronto and Laval University. Fifteen volumes have so far been published with more than 8,400 biographies of individuals who died or whose last known activity fell between the years 1000 and 1930. The entire print edition is online, along with some additional biographies to the year 2000.


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