Thomas Sloan

Last updated

Thomas Sloan
Member of Parliament
for Belfast South
In office
18 August 1902 10 January 1910
Preceded by William Johnston
Succeeded by James Chambers
Personal details
Nationality British
Political party Independent Unionist

Thomas Henry Sloan (1870–1941) was an Irish and British politician and founder of the Independent Orange Order. He represented the Belfast South constituency as an Independent Unionist at the Westminster parliament from 1902 to 1910.

Independent Orange Order

The Independent Loyal Orange Institution is an offshoot of the Orange Institution, a Protestant fraternal organisation based in Northern Ireland.

Belfast South (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Belfast South is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. It has been represented since 2017 by Emma Little-Pengelly of the Democratic Unionist Party.



Sloan was a sub-contractor for the cementing of ship's floors at the shipyard of Harland and Wolff in Belfast. [1] He first came to attention as a supporter of the working class evangelical Protestant preacher Arthur Trew, and soon became a leading member of his Belfast Protestant Association. In 1901, Trew was sentenced to twelve months' hard labour after he incited an anti-Catholic riot, and Sloan took over his Sunday afternoon speeches on the steps of Belfast Customs House. Trew's imprisonment had increased interest, and Sloan was a superior speaker and organiser, and managed to secure his election at the by-election to the constituency of Belfast South on 18 August 1902, [1] against the official unionist candidate. [2]

Harland and Wolff Northern Irish heavy industrial company

Harland & Wolff Heavy Industries is a heavy industrial company, specialising in ship repair, conversion, and offshore construction, located in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Harland & Wolff is famous for having built the majority of the ships intended for the White Star Line. Well known ships built by Harland & Wolff include the Olympic-class trio: RMS Titanic, RMS Olympic and RMS Britannic, the Royal Navy's HMS Belfast, Royal Mail Line's Andes, Shaw Savill's Southern Cross, Union-Castle's RMS Pendennis Castle, and P&O's Canberra. Harland and Wolff's official history, Shipbuilders to the World, was published in 1986.

The Belfast Protestant Association was a populist evangelical political movement in the early 20th-century.

The 1902 Belfast South by-election was held on 18 August 1902 after the death of the Irish Unionist Party MP William Johnston. It was won by the Independent Unionist candidate Thomas Henry Sloan.

In 1903, Sloan founded the Independent Orange Order. Soon after, he reached an agreement with the Irish Unionist Party and disassociated himself from the Belfast Protestant Association. [2] He was re-elected in the 1906 general election, but twice lost to the official Irish Unionist candidate in the January 1910 and December 1910 elections.

1906 United Kingdom general election

The 1906 United Kingdom general election was held from 12 January to 8 February 1906.

The Irish Unionist Alliance (IUA), also known as the Irish Unionist Party or simply the Unionists, was a unionist political party founded in Ireland in 1891 from the Irish Loyal and Patriotic Union to oppose plans for home rule for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The party was led for much of its existence by Colonel Edward James Saunderson and later by William St John Brodrick, Earl of Midleton. In total, eighty-six members of the House of Lords affiliated themselves with the Irish Unionist Alliance, although its broader membership was relatively small.

January 1910 United Kingdom general election

The January 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 15 January to 10 February 1910. The government called the election in the midst of a constitutional crisis caused by the rejection of the People's Budget by the Conservative-dominated House of Lords, in order to get a mandate to pass the budget.

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  1. 1 2 "Election intelligence". The Times (36850). London. 19 August 1902. p. 3.
  2. 1 2 John F. Harbinson, The Ulster Unionist Party, 1882-1973, p.223
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Johnston
MP for Belfast South
1902 – 1910
Succeeded by
James Chambers