Thomas Smiley

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Thomas Smiley
Smiley Family Ensign.jpg
Smiley Armorial Ensign
Bornc1660
Lanarkshire, Scotland
Died1689
Derry, Northern Ireland
NationalityScots-Irish
OccupationWilliamite Defender
Known forSiege of Derry
Smiley Ensign draft with motto
Smiley Ensign with Motto.jpg
"Viribus Virtus"
NationalityScots-Irish
Known forSiege of Derry

Thomas Smiley (c. 1660 1689) was a Williamite defender during the Siege of Derry.

Contents

Family

Thomas Smiley was the son of Presbyterian Minister Thomas Smiley (born c. 1630) in Scotland. Minister Smiley moved his family to County Donegal, Ireland about 1670 as part of the Plantation of Ulster.

Thomas Smiley (the son) married his wife Ann (1663-1731) about 1679, and they had four children; John, Rose, William, and Francis. Rose remained in Ireland, while the three sons set sail for America in the early 1700s.

Origin

The Smiley Family originated from Lanarkshire, Scotland; where their surname was Smylie, Smyly or Smaillie, and other versions exist as well. The family name changed to Smiley in Ireland, as family members settled near Derry in the 17th century. [1]

Death

Thomas Smiley died in battle during the Siege of Derry in 1689. As a Williamite defender of the city, he helped to prevent the fall of the city to King James II, which allowed time for the Royal Navy of William III of England to arrive and lift the siege. [2]

Recognition

In recognition of Thomas's courage in battle, the Smiley Family was awarded an Armorial Ensign by William Hawkins, Esq., Ulster King of Arms about 1700. [3]

This ensign was confirmed and duly recorded in 1815 by the Crown; through Sir William Betham, Knight Deputy of Ulster, King of Arms. [4]

Key elements of the ensign include: a Chevron (insignia) which denotes military valor, an armored arm upon the Crest (heraldry) which signifies strength or power, and iron dart heads Pheon indicating defence of Crown property. [5]

The motto of the crest "Viribus Virtus" translates as "Valor in Arms" or "Virtue with Power". [5]

Descendants

Despite the fact that Thomas Smiley died in battle, his legacy extends through his three sons that settled in America in the 1700s. They established the bloodlines that subsequently have grown to many thousands of Smiley descendants. [6]

John Smiley settled in Pennsylvania, William Smiley settled in Virginia, and Francis Smiley settled in New Hampshire.

Several sons of these settlers served as soldiers in the American Revolutionary War. [7] [8]

Biography

Thomas Smiley's biography was written by Oliver H. White in 1949. This biography was compiled into the book Genealogy of Smiley family and descendants (1971) by Jane Myrtle Hinkhouse, which may be found in the Library of Congress. [5] [9] In addition, the Library of Congress produced a microfilm record of this book in 1985. [10]

The biography details the notability of Thomas Smiley that was recorded by the Crown of England following the Siege of Derry in 1689.

See also

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References

  1. The Scots in Ulster Surname Map by Dr. William Roulston, Ulster Historical Foundation, 2008
  2. Fighters of Derry; Their Deeds and Descendants, Being a Chronicle of Events in Ireland during the Revolutionary Period, 1688-1691 by William R Young, published by London, Evre and Spottiswoode, 1932
  3. Representative Women of New England, p.30, by Julia Ward Howe, New England Historical Pub. Co., 1904
  4. Office of the Chief Herald, National Library of Ireland
  5. 1 2 3 Genealogy of Smiley Family and descendants, by M. J. Hinkhouse, LC class CS71.S64 1971, Dewey Decimal class 929/.2/0973
  6. "Smiley Name Meaning & Smiley Family History at Ancestry.com®". www.ancestry.com.
  7. Daughters of the American Revolution, National Number 639031, et al.
  8. Daughters of the American Revolution, Patriot Index (1966), page 623
  9. "Genealogy of Smiley family and descendants". 23 August 1971 via The Open Library.
  10. "Genealogy of Smiley family and descendants". s.n. 23 August 1985 via The Open Library.