Thomas Smillie

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Thomas Smillie
Portrait of Thomas William Smillie, circa 1910s.png
Born
Thomas William Smillie

(1843-04-15)April 15, 1843
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
DiedMarch 7, 1917(1917-03-07) (aged 73)
Known forPhotography

Thomas William Smillie (April 15, 1843 – March 7, 1917) was a Scottish-American photographer and archivist. He served as the first official photographer of the Smithsonian Institution, as well as the first official curator of the Smithsonian's photography collection. [1]

Contents

Early life

Smillie was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, but moved to the United States with his family at age five. He eventually attended Georgetown University as a student in medicine and chemistry. [2]

Career

At the age of 27, Smillie started for the Smithsonian as a staff photographer using different photographic techniques to document the Smithsonian's daily operation, its exhibitions and people. [3] In 1890, Louisa Bernie Gallaher was transferred to his photographic department after Smillie had noticed her photography skills. Gallaher became his chief assistant. [4]

Smillie gained field experience as an expedition photographer for the United States Fish Commission and he photographed the Solar eclipse of May 28, 1900. Additionally, upon the creation of the formal Section of Photography at the Smithsonian in 1896, Smillie was appointed a Smithsonian Custodian in charge of the growing photographic collection; [5] he would hold both positions until his death in 1917. [1] [6]

One of Smillie's interests was in preserving the history of photography. After assuming his curatorial duties, he decided that, "an effort will be made hereafter, especially in connection with the future expositions of amateur photography, to secure such works as are necessary to make the collection in the National Museum a reference and record collection, which shall not only be a matter of interest and pleasure to the public, but of practical value to the photographers themselves." [3] His initial purchases for the Section of Photography included a camera and equipment owned by Samuel Morse.

In 1913, Smillie curated the Smithsonian's first-ever photography exhibition. [5]

Frances Benjamin Johnston learned photography from him, among others. [7]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Smithsonian Institution". Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. Routledge. 16 December 2013. ISBN   9781135873271 . Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  2. "Who was the Smithsonian's first staff photographer?" . Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  3. 1 2 "Celebrating 120 Years of the Smithsonian's Photographic History Collection" . Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  4. Roby, Marguerite (28 March 2019). "The Woman Behind the Camera". Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  5. 1 2 "The Smithsonian's First Photographer" . Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  6. Today in Smithsonian History: July 15, 1896. The Section of Photographic History, Division of Graphic Arts, United States National Museum, is established with Thomas William Smillie as custodian
  7. The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art, Volume 1, edited by Joan M. Marter.