Thomas Smith (English judge)

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Thomas Smith
Fulham, London

Sir Thomas Smith (1556?–1609), was the English master of requests.


Family and identity

Smith was born at Abingdon in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire), about 1556. He was the son of Thomas Smith, who is almost certainly to be identified with the Thomas Smith who was Mayor of Abingdon in 1584. [1] He must be distinguished from Sir Thomas Smith or Smythe (1558?–1625), governor of the East India Company, and from the latter's father, Thomas Smythe (d. 1591), "customer" of the port of London. [2]

Abingdon-on-Thames Market town in Vale of White Horse, Oxfordshire, England

Abingdon-on-Thames, known just as Abingdon between 1974 and 2012, is an historic market town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England. Historically the county town of Berkshire, since 1974 Abingdon has been administered by the Vale of White Horse district within Oxfordshire.

Oxfordshire County of England

Oxfordshire is a county in South East England. The ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buckinghamshire to the east, Berkshire to the south, Wiltshire to the south-west and Gloucestershire to the west.

East India Company 16th through 19th-century British trading company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Company Bahadur, or simply The Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company. It was formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region, initially with Mughal India and the East Indies, and later with Qing China. The company ended up seizing control over large parts of the Indian subcontinent, colonised parts of Southeast Asia, and colonised Hong Kong after a war with Qing China.


He was educated at John Roysse's Free School in Abingdon (now Abingdon School) [3] and at Christ Church, Oxford, where he was elected student in 1573, graduated B.A. in December 1574, and M.A. in June 1578. He was chosen public orator on 9 April 1582, and proctor on 29 April 1584. [4]

John Roysse English merchant

John Roysse (1500/01–1571) was an English Mercer and benefactor of Abingdon School in Abingdon, Oxfordshire.

Free school (England) non-profit, independent, state-funded school in England, which is free to attend

A free school in England is a type of academy established since 2010 under the Government's free school policy initiative. From May 2015, usage of the term was formally extended to include new academies set up via a local authority competition. Like other academies, free schools are non-profit-making, state-funded schools which are free to attend but which are mostly independent of the local authority. Free school is not a generic term for any school that does not charge fees.

Abingdon School independent school for boys in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England

Abingdon School is a day and boarding independent school for boys in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England. The twentieth oldest independent British school, it celebrated its 750th anniversary in 2006.


Soon afterwards he became secretary to Robert Devereux, second earl of Essex, and in 1587 was appointed clerk of the privy council. In December 1591 he wrote to Cecil urging Essex's claims to the chancellorship of Oxford University. [5] He represented Cricklade in the parliament of 1588–9, Tamworth in that of 1593, [6] and Aylesbury in that of 1597–8. On 30 September 1597 he received a grant of the clerkship of parliament, in succession to Anthony Wyckes, alias Mason. He kept aloof from Essex's intrigues, and on 29 November 1599 was sent by the lords to summon the earl before the privy council. [7] On the accession of James I he received further promotion, perhaps owing to his friendship with Carleton, Edmondes, Winwood, and Bacon. [8] He was knighted at Greenwich on 20 May 1603, and in the following month was granted the Latin secretaryship for life, and the reversion to the secretaryship of the council of the north. On 8 June 1604 he obtained the manor of Wing, Rutland, and in 1608 he was made master of requests. On 20 May in the same year he received a pension of £100. [9]

A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government. The word "privy" means "private" or "secret"; thus, a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch's closest advisors to give confidential advice on state affairs.

Cricklade was a parliamentary constituency named after the town of Cricklade in Wiltshire.

Tamworth (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

Tamworth is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Christopher Pincher, a Conservative.

Death and descendants

He died on 27 November 1609 at his residence (afterwards called Peterborough House) at Parsons Green, near Fulham, in Middlesex and was buried on 7 December in the chancel of Fulham parish church, where a monument, with an inscription to his memory, is extant. [10] He married Frances (1580–1663), daughter of William Brydges, fourth baron Chandos, and sister of Grey Brydges, 5th Baron Chandos. His only son, Robert, died a minor, and his only daughter, Margaret, married Thomas, second son of Robert Carey, first earl of Monmouth. Smith's widow married Thomas Cecil, first earl of Exeter, and survived till 1663. By his will, dated 12 September 1609, Smith left £100 to the poor of Abingdon, and a similar sum to the Bodleian Library. [9]

Peterborough House

Peterborough House, Millbank, Westminster, was a London townhouse owned by the Mordaunt family, Earls of Peterborough and later by the Grosvenor family. It was the most westerly townhouse in the City of Westminster.

Parsons Green human settlement in United Kingdom

Parsons Green is a mainly residential district of Fulham in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The green itself, which is roughly triangular, is bounded on two of its three sides by the New King's Road section of the King's Road, A308 road and Parsons Green Lane. The wider neighbourhood is bounded by the Harwood and Wandsworth Bridge Roads, A217 road to the East and Munster Road to the West, while the Fulham Road, A3219 road may be said to define its northern boundary. Its southern boundary is less clearly defined as it merges quickly and imperceptibly with the Peterborough estate and Hurlingham.

Fulham Area of southwest London, England

Fulham is an area of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in South West London, England, 3.7 miles (6.0 km) south-west of Charing Cross. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames, between Hammersmith and Kensington and Chelsea, facing Wandsworth, Putney and Barn Elms, with the London Wetland Centre in Barnes. It has a traditional population of working people who have been partially displaced by recent migrants and affluent incomers.

See also


  1. Pollard 1898 , p. 127 cites: Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1581–90, p. 177
  2. Pollard 1898 , p. 127 cites: Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1581–91, passim
  3. Hinde/St John Parker, Thomas/Michael (1977). The Martlet and the Griffen. James and James Publishers Ltd. ISBN   0-907-383-777.
  4. Pollard 1898, p. 127.
  5. Pollard 1898 , p. 128 cites: Murdin, pp. 649–50
  6. Pollard 1898 , p. 128 cites: cf. Hist. MSS. Comm. 4th Rep. App. i. 330 a
  7. Pollard 1898 , p. 128 cites: Collins, Mem. of State, ii. 126, 129
  8. Pollard 1898 , p. 128 cites: Spedding, Letters and Life of Bacon, iv. 138–9
  9. 1 2 Pollard 1898, p. 128.
  10. Pollard 1898 , p. 128 cites: Faulkner, Fulham, p. 73

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