Thomas Smyth (1740 – 14 January 1785) was an Irish politician.
Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
He was Mayor of Limerick twice (1764 and 1776) and Member of Parliament for Limerick City from 1776 until his death. He was appointed High Sheriff of County Limerick for 1770. He was also Colonel of the Limerick Militia.
The office of Mayor of the City and County of Limerick is currently the title used by the chairpeson of Limerick City and County Council. Prior to the establishment of the Council, the Mayor of Limerick was the chairperson of Limerick City Council. The office was originally established in 1195 and reinforced by a charter issued in 1197.
Limerick City was a constituency represented in the Irish House of Commons until 1800.
The High Sheriff of Limerick was the British Crown's judicial representative in County Limerick, Ireland from the 16th century until 1922, when the office was abolished in the new Free State and replaced by the office of Limerick County Sheriff. The sheriff had judicial, electoral, ceremonial and administrative functions and executed High Court Writs. In 1908, an Order in Council made the Lord-Lieutenant the Sovereign's prime representative in a county and reduced the High Sheriff's precedence. However the sheriff retained his responsibilities for the preservation of law and order in the county. The usual procedure for appointing the sheriff from 1660 onwards was that three persons were nominated at the beginning of each year from the county and the Lord Lieutenant then appointed his choice as High Sheriff for the remainder of the year. Often the other nominees were appointed as under-sheriffs. Sometimes a sheriff did not fulfil his entire term through death or other event and another sheriff was then appointed for the remainder of the year. The dates given hereunder are the dates of appointment. All addresses are in County Limerick unless stated otherwise.
He was succeeded in the constituency and in militia by his brother John Prendergast Smyth. John had also inherited the estates of their uncle, Sir Thomas Prendergast, 2nd Baronet, even though Thomas was the oldest son. John was later ennobled as the first Viscount Gort.
John Prendergast-Smyth, 1st Viscount Gort was an Irish politician.
Sir Thomas Prendergast, 2nd Baronet was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Prendergast, 1st Baronet, and his wife Penelope Cadogan, sister of William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan. He succeeded his father to the baronetcy in 1709. He was elected to the Irish House of Commons for Clonmel (1727–1760) and to the British House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Chichester (1733–1734).
Viscount Gort is the title of two peerages in British and Irish history. Gort is a small town in County Galway in the West of Ireland. The original title was in the Peerage of Ireland and is extant. A viscountcy with the same title as the Irish peerage was then conferred in the Peerage of the United Kingdom to a later Lord Gort. This gave the distinguished descendant a subtle personal change of status, whilst preserving the heritage of the older title. The United Kingdom title, however, became extinct on death of the original recipient, who remains perhaps the most illustrious bearer of the older title to date. A post-World War II unqualified reference to "Lord Gort" will almost always be to the sixth viscount.
He was the eldest son of Charles Smyth, Member of Parliament for Limerick City, and Elizabeth Prendergast (born 1708). His paternal grandparents were the Rt. Rev. Thomas Smyth (1650–1725), Bishop of Limerick, and Dorothea Burgh (daughter of the Rt. Reverend Ulysses Burgh, Bishop of Ardagh) and his paternal uncle was the Most Reverend Arthur Smyth (1707–1772), Archbishop of Dublin. His maternal grandparents were Brig. Sir Thomas Prendergast, 1st Baronet, who was killed in action at the Battle of Malplaquet in 1709, and Penelope Cadogan, sister of William Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan.
Thomas Smyth was an Irish bishop in the last decade of the 17th century and the first three of the 18th.
The Bishop of Limerick is an episcopal title which takes its name after the city of Limerick in the Province of Munster, Ireland. In the Roman Catholic Church it still continues as a separate title, but in the Church of Ireland it has been united with other bishoprics.
Ulysses Burgh (1632-1692) was an Irish Anglican bishop in the 17th century.
Thomas Smyth died unmarried, but fathered four children, all of whom bore the surname Stuart, including the Indian Army officer, Major-General Charles Stuart, better known as the "Hindoo Stuart".
|Parliament of Ireland|
Edmund Sexton Pery
| Member of Parliament for Limerick City |
With: Edmund Sexton Pery
| Succeeded by|
John Prendergast Smyth
Edmund Henry Pery
Marquess of the County of Bute, shortened in general usage to Marquess of Bute, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1796 for John Stuart, 4th Earl of Bute.
Earl of Chichester is a title that has been created three times in British history. The current title was created in 1801 for Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baron Pelham of Stanmer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Earl of Limerick is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of Ireland, associated first with the Dongan family, then with the Pery family.
Viscount Southwell, of Castle Mattress in the County of Limerick, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1776 for Thomas Southwell, 3rd Baron Southwell. The Southwell family descends from Thomas Southwell. In 1662 he was created a Baronet, of Castle Mattress in the County of Limerick, in the Baronetage of Ireland. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He represented Limerick County in the Irish Parliament. In 1717 he was created Baron Southwell, of Castle Mattress, in the County of Limerick, in the Peerage of Ireland. His grandson was the aforementioned third Baron, who was elevated to a viscountcy in 1776. Before succeeded in the barony he had represented Enniscorthy in the Irish House of Commons. His great-grandson, the fourth Viscount, served as Lord Lieutenant of County Leitrim between 1872 and 1878. As of 2010 the titles are held by his great-grandson, the seventh Viscount, who succeeded his uncle in 1960.
Viscount de Vesci, of Abbeyleix in the Queen's County, now called County Laois, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1776 for Thomas Vesey, 1st Viscount de Vesci & 2nd Baron Knapton. The title Baron Knapton was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1750 for the first Viscount's father, John Vesey, 1st Baron Knapton & 2nd Baronet, who had earlier represented Newtownards in the Irish House of Commons. The Baronetcy, of Abbeyleix in the Queen's County, was created in the Baronetage of Ireland on 28 September 1698 for the first Baron's father Reverend Thomas Vesey, Bishop of Killaloe (1713–1714) and Bishop of Ossory (1714–1730).
Henry Cadogan (1642–1713/14) of Liscarton was the son of Major William Cadogan.
Brigadier-General Sir Thomas Prendergast, 1st Baronet was an Irish politician and soldier.
Major Robert Stuart was an officer of the British Army and veteran of the Crimean War. After the war, he was appointed Vice-Consul at Volos and later Consul at Janina and Consul-General in various locations. He was also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.
There have been six baronetcies created for persons with the surname Smyth, two in the Baronetage of England, one in the Baronetage of Great Britain, one in the Baronetage of Ireland and two in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. One creation is extant as of 2010.
The Prendergast Baronetcy, of Gort in the County of Galway, was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland. It was created on 15 July 1699 for the Irish soldier and politician Thomas Prendergast. He was killed at the Battle of Malplaquet in 1709 and was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He was a member of both the Irish and British Parliaments. He was to be created Viscount Clonmel but died childless in September 1760 before the patent was completed. On his death, the baronetcy became extinct. However, the Prendergast estates passed to the late Baronet's nephew, John Smyth, the second son of his sister Elizabeth and her husband Charles Smyth. He assumed the surname of Prendergast and was created Viscount Gort in 1816.
There have been eleven baronetcies created for persons with the surname Robinson, four in the Baronetage of England, one in the Baronetage of Great Britain and six in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. As of 2008 two of the creations are extant while one is dormant.
Sir Archibald Edmonstone, 1st Baronet, also 11th of Duntreath, was a Scottish politician.
James Stuart was an Irish official and naturalist in Australia. He was one of the first Quarantine Officers at Sydney's North Head Quarantine Station. William Sharp Macleay named which the brown antechinus after him in 1841.
Charles Vereker, 2nd Viscount Gort PC (Ire), known as Charles Vereker until 1817, was an Irish soldier and politician.
Colonel Thomas de Burgh, always named in his lifetime as Thomas Burgh, was an Irish military engineer, architect, and Member of the Parliament of Ireland. He designed a number of the large public buildings of Dublin including the old Custom House (1704–6), Trinity College Library (1712–33), Dr Steevens' Hospital (1719), the Linen Hall (1722), and the Royal Barracks.
Sir Thomas Osborne, 5th Baronet, of Tichenor, County Waterford was an Irish baronet and landowner.
Sir Hugh Dillon Massy, 1st Baronet was an Anglo-Irish politician and baronet.