Thomas Somers-Cocks

Last updated

Thomas Somers-Cocks (5 February 1815 – 30 August 1899) was a British Conservative Party [1] politician and a banker. He was a founding member of the Canterbury Association.

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, sometimes informally called the Tories, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 4 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.

Canterbury Association

The Canterbury Association was formed in order to establish a colony in what is now the Canterbury Region in the South Island of New Zealand.

Contents

Early life

Cocks was born at Thames Bank, Marlow, Buckinghamshire. His parents were Thomas Somers-Cocks (b.1769), a banker of Thames Bank, and Agneta Pole-Carew, 5th daughter of Sir Reginald Pole-Carew and sister of William Pole-Carew. [2] Lord Somers as head of the family was chosen as his godfather. His father's oldest sister, Mrs Vernon, became his godmother. [3] He received his education at Christ Church, Oxford, but did not obtain a degree. [2]

Marlow, Buckinghamshire town and civil parish in south Buckinghamshire, England

Marlow is a town and civil parish within Wycombe district in south Buckinghamshire, England. It is located on the River Thames, 4 miles (6 km) south south-west of High Wycombe, 5 miles (8 km) west north-west of Maidenhead and 33 miles (53 km) west of central London.

Reginald Pole Carew was a British politician.

William Henry Pole-Carew was a Cornish politician.

Cocks became engaged to Sarah Louisa Wynne just before he turned 27. [4] They married on 24 May 1842. She was the daughter of Charles Griffith-Wynne and the sister of Charlotte Griffith Wynne, who married John Robert Godley. [2]

Charles Wynn Griffith-Wynne, sometimes known more simply as Charles Griffith-Wynne, was a British Tory-leaning politician and, between 1830 and 1832, the Member of Parliament (MP) for Caernarvonshire in North Wales.

John Robert Godley Irish administrator, influential in foundation of Canterbury, New Zealand

John Robert Godley was an Irish statesman and bureaucrat. Godley is considered to be the founder of Canterbury, New Zealand, although he lived there for only two years.

They had three children: Thomas Somers Vernon (1850–1932), Alfred Heneage (1851 – ca 1930/31) and Alice Agneta (1853–1899). [5]

Canterbury Association

He attended the inaugural meeting of the Canterbury Association on 27 Mar 1848, joined the management committee and became the banker for the group. [2]

Politics

Somers-Cocks was elected at the 1847 general election as the Member of Parliament (MP) for borough of Reigate in Surrey. [6] He was re-elected in 1852, [7] and held the seat until he stood down at the 1857 general election. [1] [8]

1847 United Kingdom general election

The 1847 United Kingdom general election saw candidates calling themselves Conservatives win the most seats, in part because they won a number of uncontested seats. However, the split among the Conservatives between the majority of Protectionists, led by Lord Stanley, and the minority of free traders, known also as the Peelites, led by former prime minister Sir Robert Peel, left the Whigs, led by Prime Minister Lord John Russell, in a position to continue in government.

Reigate (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Reigate is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Crispin Blunt of the Conservative Party.

1852 United Kingdom general election

The 1852 United Kingdom general election was a watershed in the formation of the modern political parties of Britain. Following 1852, the Tory/Conservative party became, more completely, the party of the rural aristocracy, while the Whig/Liberal party became the party of the rising urban bourgeoisie in Britain. The results of the election were extremely close in terms of both the popular vote and the numbers of seats won by the two main parties.

Death and commemoration

His wife died in the 1894 influenza epidemic. [9] Cocks died on 30 August 1899 at Thames Bank, Great Marlow. [2] Somers Place in the Christchurch (New Zealand) suburb of Spreydon is named after him. [10] Mount Somers, both a township and a hill in the foothills of the Southern Alps, are named after him. [2]

Notes

  1. 1 2 Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 252. ISBN   0-900178-26-4.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Blain, Michael (2007). "The Canterbury Association (1848–1852): A Study of Its Members' Connections" (PDF). Reverend Michael Blain. p. 21. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  3. Cocks 1999, p. 159.
  4. Cocks 1999, p. 165.
  5. Cocks 1999, pp. 166, 184, 189.
  6. "No. 20766". The London Gazette . 20 August 1847. p. 3031.
  7. "No. 21345". The London Gazette . 3 August 185. p. 2129.
  8. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)
  9. Cocks 1999, p. 184.
  10. Harper, Margaret. "Christchurch Street Names S" (PDF). Christchurch City Libraries. p. 59. Retrieved 26 January 2011.

Related Research Articles

James FitzGerald (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician

James Edward FitzGerald was a New Zealand politician. According to some historians, he should be considered the country's first Prime Minister, although a more conventional view is that neither he nor his successor should properly be given that title. He was a notable campaigner for New Zealand self-governance. He was the first Superintendent of the Canterbury Province.

Thomas Griffiths Wainewright English artist and serial killer

Thomas Griffiths Wainewright was an English artist, author and suspected serial killer. He gained a reputation as profligate and a dandy, and in 1837, was transported to the penal colony of Van Diemen's Land for frauds on the Bank of England. As a convict he became a portraitist for Hobart's elite.

William Forsyth (barrister) British politician

William Forsyth QC was a Scottish lawyer and Conservative Member of Parliament (MP).

Thomas Agar-Robartes, 6th Viscount Clifden British politician

Thomas Charles Agar-Robartes, 6th Viscount Clifden, styled The Honourable Thomas Agar-Robartes between 1869 and 1882 and known as The Lord Robartes from 1882 to 1899, was a British landowner and Liberal politician.

Henry Thacker New Zealand politician

Henry Thomas Joynt Thacker was a doctor, New Zealand Member of Parliament and Mayor of Christchurch.

Granville Edward Harcourt-Vernon was a British Conservative Party politician.

Christchurch was a parliamentary electorate in Christchurch, New Zealand. It existed three times. Originally it was the Town of Christchurch from 1853 to 1860. From the 1860–61 election to the 1871 election, it existed as City of Christchurch. It then existed from the 1875–76 election until the 1881 election. The last period was from the 1890 election to the 1905 election. Since the 1946 election, a similarly named electorate called Christchurch Central has been in existence.

James Gapes New Zealand politician

James Gapes was a local politician in Christchurch, New Zealand. He was Mayor of Christchurch on two occasions, and the father of a later mayor, Thomas Gapes. He was the first mayor who was elected by the voting public; previously city councillors chose one from their rank as mayor.

Charles Louisson New Zealand politician

Charles Melville Louisson, known as Charles Louisson or Chas Louisson, was a New Zealand politician. Born in London, and relocated to Australia as a teenager, he worked in farming and on the gold fields. He moved to Christchurch to join his brother Alfred in business, which they conducted in transport, as merchants and farmers in various places in the South Island. Back in Christchurch, they were joined by their brother Cecil and bought a brewery, which under their stewardship became very successful.

Alfred Cox (politician) New Zealand politician

Alfred Cox was a 19th-century runholder and Member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. Born in New South Wales into an upper middle class military family, he was sent home to England to learn about farming. Upon returning to New South Wales, he heard about the large profits that were possible in South Canterbury and bought licenses for land that he had not seen. He stocked the land, put a manager in charge and made another trip to England with his wife and their, at that time, small family. He moved to New Zealand permanently in 1857 and lived on his large farm, Raukapuka, which stretched from the sea to the foothills, and of which the homestead was located in present-day Geraldine. He sold his South Canterbury interests and moved to the Waikato, where he bought large land holdings in Hamilton and Thames. He tried to drain his swamp land and lost a lot of money with those ventures. He sold up in 1882 and moved to Christchurch, where he retired.

Thomas Jackson, was an English Anglican clergyman appointed in 1850 as Bishop Designate of the newly founded settlement of Lyttelton in New Zealand. After disagreements with the New Zealand colonists, Jackson never took up the bishopric, and instead returned to England.

James West Stack was a New Zealand missionary, clergyman, writer and interpreter. He was born in Puriri, Thames/Coromandel, New Zealand in 1835.

Charlotte Godley Letter-writer, community leader

Charlotte Godley was a New Zealand letter-writer and community leader.

Charles Torlesse New Zealand surveyor

Charles Obins Torlesse was a prominent surveyor for the Canterbury Association in Canterbury, New Zealand.

The Hon. Richard Cavendish was an English nobleman, politician, Member of Parliament, and a member of the Canterbury Association.

Forster Alleyne McGeachy was a politician, Conservative Member of Parliament in the UK, and a school reformer.

Charles Griffith Wynne, later known as Charles Wynne-Finch, was a Liberal Tory politician and a Member of Parliament for Caernarfon.

Courtenay, New Zealand settlement in Canterbury, New Zealand

Courtenay is a settlement in inland Canterbury, New Zealand. It was once important as a place where the Waimakariri River could be forded and was a coach stop on the way to the West Coast. Its decline began when the Midland Line was routed via the nearby Kirwee.

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Somers-Cocks
Member of Parliament for Reigate
18471857
Succeeded by
William Hackblock