Thomas Southorn

Last updated
Sir Thomas Southorn

Sir Thomas Southorn.jpg
Governor of the Gambia
In office
22 October 1936 23 March 1942
Monarch Edward VIII
George VI
Preceded by Arthur Richards
Succeeded by Hilary Blood
Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong
In office
1 May 1925 23 March 1936
Governor Cecil Clementi
William Peel
Andrew Caldecott
Preceded by Claud Severn
Succeeded by Norman Lockhart Smith
Personal details
Born4 August 1879
Died15 March 1957(1957-03-15) (aged 77)
Alma mater Corpus Christi College, Oxford
Thomas Southorn
Traditional Chinese 修頓
Simplified Chinese 修顿
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 蕭敦
Simplified Chinese 萧敦

Sir Wilfrid Thomas Southorn KCMG KBE (4 August 1879 – 15 March 1957) (Chinese Translated Name: 修頓, Old Translated Name:蕭敦), known as Tom, was a British colonial administrator, spending the large part of career in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) before serving as Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong, then Governor of The Gambia.

Contents

Education

He was educated at Warwick School and Corpus Christi College, Oxford. [1]

Colonial Service career

He had joined the Ceylon Civil Service in 1903, and was appointed Additional Assistant Colonial Secretary in 1909, Principal Assistant Colonial Secretary in 1920, and Principal Collector of Customs and Chairman of the Post Commission in 1923. [1]

He was the Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong from 1925–1936 and served as Acting Administrator of the colony from February to March 1930 and from May to September 1935, and then in November the same year, at either end of the tenure of Sir William Peel as governor. [2] His official (summer) residence was Mountain Lodge. [3]

In 1936, he was made Governor of the Gambia, notably describing the colony as "a geographical and economic absurdity". [3] He left The Gambia in March 1942. [4]

Personal life

In 1921 he married author Bella Sidney Woolf (1877–1960), whom he met through her (later) more famous brother Leonard Woolf, when the two men were colleagues in Ceylon. In 1904, then a humble 'Office Assistant', Southorn had met Leonard Woolf on his arrival in Ceylon from England. [3] [5]

Legacy

Southorn Playground in Wan Chai, Hong Kong was named for him in 1934, while he was Colonial Secretary. Also bearing his name are the associated Southorn Stadium and adjacent Southorn Centre. [2]

Related Research Articles

Leonard Woolf English political theorist, author, publisher and civil servant (1880-1969)

Leonard Sidney Woolf was a British political theorist, author, publisher and civil servant. He was married to author Virginia Woolf.

Hercules Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead 5th Governor of Hong Kong

Hercules George Robert Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead,, was a British colonial administrator who became the 5th Governor of Hong Kong and subsequently, the 14th Governor of New South Wales, the first Governor of Fiji, and the 8th Governor of New Zealand. From June 1859 until August 1896, he was known as Sir Hercules Robinson.

Mark Aitchison Young British High Commissioner (1886-1974)

Sir Mark Aitchison Young was a British administrator who became the Governor of Hong Kong during the years immediately before and after the Japanese occupation of the territory.

Edward Stubbs Colonial Administrator

Sir Reginald Edward Stubbs was a British colonial governor, who was once the Governor of Hong Kong. He caused controversy while Governor of Ceylon over the Bracegirdle Incident.

Cecil Clementi British colonial administrator

Sir Cecil Clementi was a British colonial administrator who served as Governor of Hong Kong from 1925 to 1930, and Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Straits Settlements from 1930 to 1934.

Andrew Caldecott Colonial Administrator

Sir Andrew Caldecott was a British colonial administrator.

Franklin Gimson Colonial Administrator

Sir Franklin Charles Gimson was a British colonial administrator, who served in Ceylon from 1914 to 1941, and later as Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong and Governor of Singapore.

William Thomas Mercer British colonial administrator

William Thomas Mercer (Chinese: 孖沙; Sidney Lau: Ma1 Sa1) (17 October 1821 – 23 May 1879) was a British colonial administrator who served in Hong Kong from 1844 to 1866.

Norman Lockhart Smith was a British colonial administrator who served as Acting Administrator of Hong Kong on various occasions.

John Gardiner Austin British colonial administrator

John Gardiner Austin, CMG was a British colonial administrator. He was Lieutenant-Governor of British Honduras 1864–1867, and Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong from 1868 to 1879, acting as Administrator of the colony in 1877.

Mountain Lodge Hong Kong Governor summer residence

Mountain Lodge was the former summer residence of the Governor of Hong Kong on Victoria Peak on the Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. The second building was a two-storey Renaissance style home and was demolished in 1946. The site is now the Victoria Peak Garden, a public park. The Gate Lodge, which originally served as living quarters for the keeper of Mountain Lodge, is still extant.

John Anderson (colonial administrator) Scottish colonial administrator in Asia

Sir John Anderson was a Scottish colonial administrator, who was once the Governor of Ceylon and Governor of Straits Settlements.

History of the Jews in Sri Lanka. Jews ave had a presence on the island nation since at least the 9th century. In the 10th century, Abu Zeid al Hasan, an Arab Muslim traveller from Siraf, Persia, stated that there were ‘a great number of Jews’ in Serendib, as Sri Lanka was known to the Arabs.

The Diamond Jubilee Honours for the British Empire were announced on 22 June 1897 to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria on 20 June 1897.

George Turnour Jnr, CCS (1799–1843) was a British colonial administrator, scholar and a historian. A member of the Ceylon Civil Service, he served as a Government Agent, Assistant Colonial Secretary and Treasurer of the Colony. He is known for his translation of the Mahavamsa, the Great Chronicle of Sri Lankan history which was published in 1837. Along with James Prinsep and Captain Edward Smith, he began to decipher the inscriptions on the first discovered Pillar of Ashoka.

Bella Sidney Woolf OBE (1877–1960) was an English author, sister of author Leonard Woolf and first married to Robert Heath Lock, and in her second marriage to Hong Kong colonial secretary and colonial Ceylonese administrator Tom Southorn.

Southorn is a surname and may refer to:

The New Year Honours 1892 were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours of the United Kingdom and British India.

Edward St John Jackson

Sir Edward St John Jackson, was a British colonial judge and administrator.

Sir John Harry Barclay Nihill was a British lawyer and administrator who served throughout the British Empire.

References

  1. 1 2 "Sir Wilfrid Thomas Southorn". Honorary Degrees Congregation, The University of Hong Kong. 1936. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  2. 1 2 Yanne, Andrew; Heller, Gillis (2009). Signs of a Colonial Era. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 36, 69. ISBN   9789622099449.
  3. 1 2 3 Out and about - Bella Southorn's stories reflect the life she loved as the wife of a colonial civil servant, SCMP Magazine, Jason Wordie, 24 Apr 2011
  4. Perfect, David (2016). "Southorn, Sir Wilfrid Thomas (1879–1957)". Historical Dictionary of The Gambia (5th ed.). p. 408. ISBN   9781442265264 . Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  5. Letter in Daily News, Sri Lanka, quoting Leonard Woolf's biography Archived 2011-01-14 at the Wayback Machine
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Claud Severn
Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong
1925–1936
Succeeded by
Norman Lockhart Smith
Preceded by
Sir Cecil Clementi
Acting Administrator of Hong Kong
1930
Succeeded by
Sir William Peel
Preceded by
Sir William Peel
Acting Administrator of Hong Kong
1935
Succeeded by
Acting Administrator Norman Smith
Preceded by
Acting Administrator Norman Smith
Acting Administrator of Hong Kong
1935
Succeeded by
Sir Andrew Caldecott
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Frederick Richards
Governor of The Gambia
1936–1942
Succeeded by
Hilary Rudolph Robert Blood