Thomas Southwell, 1st Viscount Southwell

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Thomas George Southwell, 1st Viscount Southwell (4 May 1721 – 29 August 1780), [1] styled The Honourable from birth until 1766, was an Irish politician and freemason.

Contents

Background

He was the oldest son of Thomas Southwell, 2nd Baron Southwell and his wife Mary Coke, eldest daughter of Thomas Coke. [2] Southwell was educated at Lincoln's Inn and went then to Christ Church, Oxford. [3] He served in the 2nd Foot and became an ensign in 1738. [4] Between 1753 and 1757, Southwell was Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland. [5]

Thomas Southwell, 2nd Baron Southwell PC (Ire), FRS, styled The Honourable from 1717 until 1720, was an Irish peer, politician and freemason.

Lincolns Inn one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of the four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar. Lincoln's Inn is recognised to be one of the world's most prestigious professional bodies of judges and lawyers.

Christ Church, Oxford Constituent college of the University of Oxford in England

Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Christ Church is a joint foundation of the college and the cathedral of the Oxford diocese, which serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.

Career

In 1747, Southwell entered the Irish House of Commons for Enniscorthy, sitting for it until 1761. [6] Subsequently, he was returned for Limerick County, the same constituency his father and his uncle Henry Southwell had represented before, [6] until 1766, when he succeeded his father as baron. [7] Three years later, Southwell delivered his maiden speech in the Irish House of Lords. [4] He was appointed Constable of Limerick Castle in 1750 and Governor of County Limerick in 1762, posts he held until his death in 1780. [4] He was made High Sheriff of County Limerick for 1759. In 1776, Southwell was elevated to the title Viscount Southwell, of Castle Mattress, in the County of Limerick. [8]

Irish House of Commons lower house of the irish parliament (until 1800)

The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800. The upper house was the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a highly restrictive franchise, similar to the Unreformed House of Commons in contemporary England and Great Britain. In counties, forty-shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self-electing corporations or a highly-restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives. Most notably, Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691, even though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population. From 1728 until 1793 they were also disfranchised. Most of the population of all religions had no vote. The vast majority of parliamentary boroughs were pocket boroughs, the private property of an aristocratic patron. When these boroughs were disfranchised under the Act of Union, the patron was awarded £15,000 compensation for each.

Enniscorthy was a constituency represented in the Irish House of Commons to 1800.

Limerick County was a constituency represented in the Irish House of Commons until 1800.

Family

On 18 June 1741, he married Margaret Hamilton, daughter of Arthur Cecil Hamilton of Castle Hamilton, Killeshandra, Co. Cavan [9] and had by her three sons and a daughter. [2] Southwell died, aged 59 and was buried at Rathkeale. [4] He was succeeded in his titles by his oldest son Thomas., [2] while his younger son Robert sat also in the Parliament of Ireland. [6]

Killeshandra Village in Ulster, Ireland

Killeshandra or Killashandra, is a village in County Cavan, Ireland. It is 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of Cavan Town in the centre of County Cavan's lakeland and geopark region and the Erne catchment environment of rivers, lakes, wetlands and woodland. Together with the Lough Oughter Special Protected Area (SPA), it has been recognised by the EU programme for wildlife Natura 2000 since 2010. Killeshandra is specially noted by Fáilte Ireland as an Angling Centre of Excellence as well as a hub for the Cavan Walking Festival which takes place in May each year. There are several looped walking and cycling trails in Killykeen Forest Park. The town also has a prominent football club called the Killeshandra GFC, known locally as the Killeshandra Leaguers.

Rathkeale Town in Munster, Ireland

Rathkeale is a town in west County Limerick, in Ireland. It is 30 km (18 mi) southwest of Limerick city on the N21 road to Tralee, Co Kerry, and lies on the River Deel. Rathkeale has a significant Irish Traveller population, and the largest concentration of descendants of the German Palatines who immigrated to Ireland in the early 18th century is in villages around it.

Thomas Arthur Southwell, 2nd Viscount Southwell, styled The Honourable from 1766 until 1780, was an Irish peer and politician.

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References

  1. "Leigh Rayment - Peerage" . Retrieved 10 June 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. II (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 465.
  3. "ThePeerage - Thomas George Southwell, 1st Viscount Southwell of Castle Mattress" . Retrieved 11 June 2009.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall (ed.). The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. vol. VI. Dublin: James Moore. pp. 26–27.
  5. Waite, Arthur Edward (2007). A New Encyclopedia of Freemasonry. vol. I. Cosimo, Inc. p. 400. ISBN   1-60206-641-8.
  6. 1 2 3 "Leigh Rayment - Irish House of Commons 1692-1800" . Retrieved 11 June 2009.
  7. Lodge, Edmund (1838). The Genealogy of the Existing British Peerage (6th ed.). London: Saunder and Otley. p. 462.
  8. "No. 11679". The London Gazette . 29 June 1776. p. 1.
  9. Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. II (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. p. 781.
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Anderson Saunders
Richard Le Hunt
Member of Parliament for Enniscorthy
1747–1761
With: Anderson Saunders
Succeeded by
Beauchamp Bagenal
John Grogan
Preceded by
Eyre Evans
Hugh Massy
Member of Parliament for Limerick County
1761–1766
With: Hugh Massy
Succeeded by
Hon. Thomas Arthur Southwell
Hugh Massy
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Lord George Sackville
Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland
1753–1757
Succeeded by
Brinsley Butler, Lord Newtown-Butler
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Viscount Southwell
1776–1780
Succeeded by
Thomas Southwell
Preceded by
Thomas Southwell
Baron Southwell
1766–1780