Thomas Southwell, 2nd Viscount Southwell

Last updated

Thomas Arthur Southwell, 2nd Viscount Southwell (16 April 1742 – 14 February 1796), [1] styled The Honourable from 1766 until 1780, was an Irish peer and politician.

He was the oldest son of Thomas Southwell, 1st Viscount Southwell and his wife Margaret Hamilton, daughter of Arthur Cecil Hamilton of Castle Hamilton, Killeshandra Co. Cavan. [2] His younger brother was Robert Henry Southwell. [3] Southwell was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. [4] In 1780, he succeeded his father as viscount. [3]

Thomas George Southwell, 1st Viscount Southwell, styled The Honourable from birth until 1766, was an Irish politician and freemason.

Killeshandra Town in Ulster, Ireland

Killeshandra or Killashandra, is a small town in County Cavan, Ireland. With a population of 1,143, it is 12 mi northwest of Cavan Town and central to County Cavan's lakeland and geopark region, in the unique Erne catchment environment of rivers, lakes, wetlands and woodland. Together with the Lough Oughter Special Protected Area (SPA), it has been recognised by the EU programme for wildlife Natura 2000 since 2010. Killeshandra is specially noted by Fáilte Ireland as an Angling Centre of Excellence as well as a hub for the Cavan Walking Festival which takes place in May each year. There are several looped walking and cycling trails in Killykeen Forest Park. The town also has a prominent football club called the Killeshandra GFC, known locally as the Killeshandra Leaguers.

Robert Henry Southwell, styled The Honourable from 1766, was an Irish politician.

In 1767, Southwell entered the Irish House of Commons for Limerick County, the same constituency his father had represented before, and sat for it until the following year. [5]

Irish House of Commons lower house of the irish parliament (until 1800)

The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800. The upper house was the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a highly restrictive franchise, similar to the Unreformed House of Commons in contemporary England and Great Britain. In counties, forty-shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self-electing corporations or a highly-restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives. Most notably, Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691, even though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population. From 1728 until 1793 they were also disfranchised. Most of the population of all religions had no vote. The vast majority of parliamentary boroughs were pocket boroughs, the private property of an aristocratic patron. When these boroughs were disfranchised under the Act of Union, the patron was awarded £15,000 compensation for each.

Limerick County was a constituency represented in the Irish House of Commons until 1800.

Marriage, children, and succession

On 7 November 1774, he married Sophia Maria Josepha Walsh, third daughter of Francis Joseph Walsh, Comte de Serrant, and had by her four sons and four daughters. [2] Southwell died aged 53 and was succeeded in his titles by his oldest son Thomas. [6]

Thomas Anthony Southwell, 3rd Viscount Southwell KP was an Irish peer. He became Viscount Southwell in 1796 on the death of Thomas Southwell, 2nd Viscount Southwell and was appointed a Knight of the Order of St Patrick on 12 September 1837. He was lord of the manor of Garway at Garway House in Herefordshire. The Irish peer married Jane, daughter of John Berkeley of Spetchley by Jane Compton. They became Roman Catholic and joint owners on their marriage of the several properties including Longmores, Lodge Farm, Church Farm and Coleman's Farm; and later New House Farm, Cwm Madoc Farm, Garway Court, Great Demesne Farm, and the Darren Mill on the River Monnow. The whole estate comprised almost 3,000 acres. The lordship included riparian rights to take profits from the river; with excellent salmon fishing in Victorian times, it was a lucrative tenure holding. In 1808 it was held jointly between Southwell and Robert Cannings Esq, who were also entitled to sit at the Court Baron, appoint the steward, and pass sentence on legal cases such as encroachment, amercements, obstruction and presentment; and the appointment of a petty constable to the parish. Lord Southwell appointed Thomas Wakerman of Graig, another Roman Catholic, in 1810 to be his manor steward. Wakerman was also a solicitor and eminent local historian. Lord Southwell only visited the county on a few occasions, to shoot pheasants. The rest of the time he spent in Ireland, London and the south of France. They had two sons and three daughters:

Related Research Articles

Viscount Southwell title in the peerage of Ireland

Viscount Southwell, of Castle Mattress in the County of Limerick, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1776 for Thomas Southwell, 3rd Baron Southwell. The Southwell family descends from Thomas Southwell. In 1662 he was created a Baronet, of Castle Mattress in the County of Limerick, in the Baronetage of Ireland. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He represented Limerick County in the Irish Parliament. In 1717 he was created Baron Southwell, of Castle Mattress, in the County of Limerick, in the Peerage of Ireland. His grandson was the aforementioned third Baron, who was elevated to a viscountcy in 1776. Before succeeded in the barony he had represented Enniscorthy in the Irish House of Commons. His great-grandson, the fourth Viscount, served as Lord Lieutenant of County Leitrim between 1872 and 1878. As of 2010 the titles are held by his great-grandson, the seventh Viscount, who succeeded his uncle in 1960.

Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective Irish politician

Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective KP, PC (Ire) was an Irish peer and politician.

William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount Charlemont PC (Ire) was an Irish politician and peer.

William Flower, 1st Baron Castle Durrow PC (Ire) was an Anglo-Irish peer and politician.

Sir Matthew Deane, 3rd Baronet was an Irish baronet and politician.

Sir Arthur Brooke, 1st Baronet PC (Ire) was an Irish baronet and politician.

Henry Brooke was an Irish politician.

Gustavus Hamilton, 1st Viscount Boyne PC (Ire) was an Irish peer, soldier and politician.

Gustavus Hamilton, styled The Honourable from 1715, was an Irish politician.

Gustavus Hamilton, 2nd Viscount Boyne British politician

Gustavus Hamilton, 2nd Viscount Boyne PC (Ire) was an Irish peer and politician.

Richard Hamilton, 4th Viscount Boyne was an Irish peer and politician.

Bowen Southwell was an Irish politician.

Richard Southwell was an Irish politician.

Thomas Southwell, 1st Baron Southwell Irish politician

Thomas Southwell, 1st Baron Southwell PC (Ire), known as Sir Thomas Southwell, 2nd Baronet from 1681 to 1717, was an Irish peer and politician.

Thomas Southwell, 2nd Baron Southwell PC (Ire), FRS, styled The Honourable from 1717 until 1720, was an Irish peer, politician and freemason.

Edward Ward, styled The Honourable from 1770, was an Irish politician.

Bernard Ward, 1st Viscount Bangor Irish politician and peer

Bernard Ward, 1st Viscount Bangor, was an Irish politician and peer.

Marcus Beresford, 1st Earl of Tyrone, known as Sir Marcus Beresford, 4th Baronet, until 1720 and subsequently as The Viscount Tyrone until 1746, was an Irish peer, freemason and politician.

References

  1. "Leigh Rayment - Peerage" . Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  2. 1 2 Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. II (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. p. 781.
  3. 1 2 Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall, ed. The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. vol. I. Dublin: James Moore. pp. 27–28.
  4. "ThePeerage - Thomas Arthur Southwell, 2nd Viscount Southwell of Castle Mattress" . Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  5. "Leigh Rayment - Irish House of Commons 1692-1800" . Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  6. Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. II (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 465.
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas George Southwell
Hugh Massy
Member of Parliament for Limerick County
1767–1768
With: Hugh Massy
Succeeded by
Silver Oliver
Hugh Massy
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Thomas Southwell
Viscount Southwell
1780–1796
Succeeded by
Thomas Southwell