Thomas Southwell SJ (1592–1637), born Thomas Bacon, was an English Jesuit priest, theological writer, and teacher.
Son of Thomas Bacon and Elizabeth his wife, and elder brother of Nathanael Southwell, he was born at Sculthorpe, near Walsingham, Norfolk. He studied at King's Lynn, and then took the humanity course in the College of St Omer.
Sculthorpe is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. The village is situated some 4 km (2.5 mi) north-west of Fakenham and 5 km (3.1 mi) south-east of South Creake.
Walsingham is a village in North Norfolk, England, famous for its religious shrines in honour of the Virgin Mary. It also contains the ruins of two medieval monastic houses.
Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the northwest, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest, and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea and to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich. With an area of 2,074 square miles (5,370 km2) and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile. Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich (213,000), Great Yarmouth (63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford (25,000).
Southwell was admitted a student of the English College, Rome on 10 November 1610, entered the Society of Jesus in July 1613, and was professed of the four vows on 19 April 1626. For eight years he was professor of theology in the college of his order at Liège, and he was for a time vice-rector of the college. He died at Watten on 11 December 1637.
The Venerable English College, commonly referred to as the English College, is a Catholic seminary in Rome, Italy, for the training of priests for England and Wales. It was founded in 1579 by William Allen on the model of the English College, Douai.
The Society of Jesus is a religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome. It was founded by Ignatius of Loyola with the approval of Pope Paul III in 1540. The members are called Jesuits. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations. Jesuits work in education, research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social ministries, and promote ecumenical dialogue.
Liège is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège.
Southwell's works were:
The University of Liège, or ULiège, is a major public university of the French Community of Belgium based in Liège, Wallonia, Belgium. Its official language is French. As of 2016, ULiège is ranked in the #251–300 category worldwide according to Times Higher Education, 265nd by QS World University Rankings, and between the 205th and 300th place by the Academic Ranking of World Universities. More than 2000 people, academics, scientists and technicians, are involved in research of a wide variety of subjects from basic research to applied research.
Southwell also wrote a manuscript of case studies in casuistry for "the education of English Catholic missionary priests", focusing "on the problems facing Catholic priests and laymen under persecution in England" during the reign of Charles I, which manuscript has been edited by Peter Holmes and published by the Catholic Record Society as Caroline Casuistry: The Cases of Conscience of Fr Thomas Southwell, SJ.
Casuistry is a process of reasoning that seeks to resolve moral problems by extracting or extending theoretical rules from a particular case, and reapplying those rules to new instances. This method occurs in applied ethics and jurisprudence. The term is also commonly used as a pejorative to criticize the use of clever but unsound reasoning, especially in relation to moral questions. The word casuistry derives from the Latin noun casus.
Charles I was the monarch over the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution.
The Catholic Record Society, founded in 1904, is a scholarly society devoted to the study of Reformation and post-Reformation Catholicism in England and Wales. It has been described as "the premier Catholic historical society in the United Kingdom", and has been credited with making much otherwise obscure archival material more readily available.
Sir Richard Southwell PC was an English Privy Councillor.
William Wogan was an Irish religious writer, close to a number of leading evangelicals of his time, and sympathetic with early Methodism.
Patrick Young, also known as Patricius Junius, was a Scottish scholar and royal librarian to King James VI and I, and King Charles I. He was a noted Biblical and patristic scholar.
John Smith (1662–1717) was an English poet and playwright.
John Thomas was an English churchman, Bishop of Rochester from 1774.
The Octavians were a financial commission of eight in the government of Scotland first appointed by James VI in January 1596. James's minister John Maitland, 1st Lord Maitland of Thirlestane had died a few months earlier, and his financial situation was troubled. They were a reforming body, eager to bring order to the royal finances and bear down on patronage. They imposed a 5% import tax and promoted an expedition into the Highlands to recover tax revenue.
Edward Walpole (1560–1637), alias Rich, was an English Roman Catholic convert, who became known as a Jesuit missioner and preacher. He passed up substantial estates that subsequently became part of the fortune of the Walpole political family.
Maurice Ewens, alias Newport (1611–1687) was an English Jesuit and author.
John Walton, also John Capellanus was an English Augustinian canon, known as a poet and translator.
John White (1570–1615) was an English clergyman, known as a royal chaplain and controversialist.
Humphrey Leech (1571–1629) was an English priest of the Church of England and Catholic convert, known as a Jesuit author.
James Gordon was a Scottish Jesuit. He is sometimes known as James Gordon Huntly, to distinguish him from James Gordon (1553–1641), another Jesuit.
George Turner was an English physician in London. He is known for his interest in alchemy and friendship with Simon Forman. His wife was the convicted murderer Anne Turner.
Saint Solus was an English monk, in Germany with St. Boniface.
Thomas Sprott or Spott was an English Benedictine chronicler, a monk of St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury.
William Wyrley (1565–1618) was an English antiquarian and officer of arms, who became Rouge Croix pursuivant.
John Pace was a jester to Duke of Norfolk, and later at the court of Elizabeth I.
Thomas Phillips was an English Jesuit priest, known as the biographer of Reginald Cardinal Pole.
Emmanuel Lobb (1594–1671), pseudonyms Joseph Simons or Simeon, was an English Jesuit and dramatist.
Sir John Southcote (1510/11–1585) was an English judge and politician.
The public domain consists of all the creative work to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. Those rights may have expired, been forfeited, expressly waived, or may be inapplicable.
Sir Sidney Lee was an English biographer, writer and critic.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.