Thomas Spencer (minister)

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Thomas Spencer (1791–1811) was an English Congregational minister.

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Thomas Spencer Thomas Spencer Scriven.jpg
Thomas Spencer

Life

The second son of a worsted-weaver, Spencer was born at Hertford on 21 January 1791, and lost his mother at the age of five. He had to leave school and help his father in his business when 13; about 18 months later he was apprenticed for a short time to a glover in The Poultry, in the City of London. While here he was introduced to Thomas Wilson, treasurer of the Hoxton Dissenters' Training College for Ministers. He was admitted there in January 1807, after a year's preparation at Harwich, during which he studied Hebrew, and made an abridgment of John Parkhurst's Hebrew Lexicon. [1]

Hertford county town of Hertfordshire, England

Hertford is the historic county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district of the county. Forming a civil parish, the 2011 census put the population of Hertford at about 26,000.

City of London City and county in United Kingdom

The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London. It constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the agglomeration has since grown far beyond the City's borders. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London, though it remains a notable part of central London. Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts. It is also a separate county of England, being an enclave surrounded by Greater London. It is the smallest county in the United Kingdom.

John Parkhurst (1728–1797) was an English academic, clergyman and biblical lexicographer.

In June 1807 Spencer first preached in public at Collier's End, near Hertford, at age 16; and was invited to preach in the neighbouring villages and at Hertford. When barely 17 he was allowed to appear in the pulpit at Hoxton, against the rules. He became a popular preacher in the neighbourhood of London, and in December 1808 preached at Lady Huntingdon's chapel at Brighton. On 10 January 1809 he addressed large congregation from Rowland Hill's pulpit in Surrey Chapel. [1]

Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon British countess

Selina, Countess of Huntingdon was an English religious leader who played a prominent part in the religious revival of the 18th century and the Methodist movement in England and Wales, and has left an affiliated group of churches in England and in Sierra Leone in Africa. She played a major role in financing and guiding early Methodism. Selina was the first female principal of a men's college in Wales. She financed the building of 64 chapels in England and Wales, wrote often to George Whitefield and John Wesley, and funded mission work in colonial America. She is also remembered for her adversarial relationships with other Methodists.

Brighton Town on south coast of England

Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England that is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, located 47 miles (76 km) south of London.

Having visited Liverpool in the summer of 1810, Spencer on 26 September accepted an offer of the pastorate of Newington chapel there. He entered on his duties in February 1811, and on 27 June was ordained in the chapel in Byrom Street. At first he preached from 65 to 75 minutes; later, under medical advice, he limited his discourses to three-quarters of an hour. A new chapel, with accommodation for 2,000 people, was built for him, with the foundation-stone laid on 15 April. [1]

Spencer was drowned while bathing near the Herculaneum Pottery on 5 August 1811, and was buried on the 13th at Liverpool. Many funeral sermons and elegies were published. An elegy by James Montgomery was appended to the Memoirs of Spencer written by his successor at Liverpool, Thomas Raffles. An engraving by Blood, accompanied four Poems (1811) on his death by Ellen Robinson. [1]

Herculaneum Pottery

The Herculaneum Pottery was based in Toxteth, Liverpool, England. between 1793/94 and 1841. They made creamware and pearlware pottery as well as bone china porcelain.

James Montgomery (poet) British editor, hymn writer, and poet

James Montgomery was a Scottish-born hymn writer, poet and editor. His writings reflected concern for humanitarian causes such as the abolition of slavery and the exploitation of child chimney sweeps. He was raised in and theologically trained by the Moravian Church.

Thomas Raffles English congregationalist minister

Thomas Raffles (1788–1863) was an English Congregational minister, known as a dominant nonconformist figure at the Great George Street Congregational Church in Liverpool, and as an abolitionist and historian.

Works

Twenty-one Sermons by Spencer were published by the Religious Tract Society in 1829, another following in 1830. An American edition, with introduction by Alfred S. Patton, appeared in 1856. A volume of tracts by Spencer was published in 1853. [1]

Religious Tract Society British publisher of Christian literature

The Religious Tract Society, founded 1799, 56 Paternoster Row and 65 St. Paul's Chuchyard and 164 Piccadilly, was the original name of a major British publisher of Christian literature intended initially for evangelism, and including literature aimed at children, women, and the poor.

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Wikisource-logo.svg  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1898). "Spencer, Thomas (1791-1811)". Dictionary of National Biography . 53. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1898). "Spencer, Thomas (1791-1811)". Dictionary of National Biography . 53. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

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