Thomas Spencer (1791–1811) was an English Congregational minister.
The second son of a worsted-weaver, Spencer was born at Hertford on 21 January 1791, and lost his mother at the age of five. He had to leave school and help his father in his business when 13; about 18 months later he was apprenticed for a short time to a glover in The Poultry, in the City of London. While here he was introduced to Thomas Wilson, treasurer of the Hoxton Dissenters' Training College for Ministers. He was admitted there in January 1807, after a year's preparation at Harwich, during which he studied Hebrew, and made an abridgment of John Parkhurst's Hebrew Lexicon.
Hertford is the historic county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district of the county. Forming a civil parish, the 2011 census put the population of Hertford at about 26,000.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London. It constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the agglomeration has since grown far beyond the City's borders. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London, though it remains a notable part of central London. Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts. It is also a separate county of England, being an enclave surrounded by Greater London. It is the smallest county in the United Kingdom.
John Parkhurst (1728–1797) was an English academic, clergyman and biblical lexicographer.
In June 1807 Spencer first preached in public at Collier's End, near Hertford, at age 16; and was invited to preach in the neighbouring villages and at Hertford. When barely 17 he was allowed to appear in the pulpit at Hoxton, against the rules. He became a popular preacher in the neighbourhood of London, and in December 1808 preached at Lady Huntingdon's chapel at Brighton. On 10 January 1809 he addressed large congregation from Rowland Hill's pulpit in Surrey Chapel.
Selina, Countess of Huntingdon was an English religious leader who played a prominent part in the religious revival of the 18th century and the Methodist movement in England and Wales, and has left an affiliated group of churches in England and in Sierra Leone in Africa. She played a major role in financing and guiding early Methodism. Selina was the first female principal of a men's college in Wales. She financed the building of 64 chapels in England and Wales, wrote often to George Whitefield and John Wesley, and funded mission work in colonial America. She is also remembered for her adversarial relationships with other Methodists.
Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England that is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, located 47 miles (76 km) south of London.
Having visited Liverpool in the summer of 1810, Spencer on 26 September accepted an offer of the pastorate of Newington chapel there. He entered on his duties in February 1811, and on 27 June was ordained in the chapel in Byrom Street. At first he preached from 65 to 75 minutes; later, under medical advice, he limited his discourses to three-quarters of an hour. A new chapel, with accommodation for 2,000 people, was built for him, with the foundation-stone laid on 15 April.
Spencer was drowned while bathing near the Herculaneum Pottery on 5 August 1811, and was buried on the 13th at Liverpool. Many funeral sermons and elegies were published. An elegy by James Montgomery was appended to the Memoirs of Spencer written by his successor at Liverpool, Thomas Raffles. An engraving by Blood, accompanied four Poems (1811) on his death by Ellen Robinson.
The Herculaneum Pottery was based in Toxteth, Liverpool, England. between 1793/94 and 1841. They made creamware and pearlware pottery as well as bone china porcelain.
James Montgomery was a Scottish-born hymn writer, poet and editor. His writings reflected concern for humanitarian causes such as the abolition of slavery and the exploitation of child chimney sweeps. He was raised in and theologically trained by the Moravian Church.
Thomas Raffles (1788–1863) was an English Congregational minister, known as a dominant nonconformist figure at the Great George Street Congregational Church in Liverpool, and as an abolitionist and historian.
Twenty-one Sermons by Spencer were published by the Religious Tract Society in 1829, another following in 1830. An American edition, with introduction by Alfred S. Patton, appeared in 1856. A volume of tracts by Spencer was published in 1853.
The Religious Tract Society, founded 1799, 56 Paternoster Row and 65 St. Paul's Chuchyard and 164 Piccadilly, was the original name of a major British publisher of Christian literature intended initially for evangelism, and including literature aimed at children, women, and the poor.
Percival Stockdale (1736–1811) was an English poet, writer and reformer, active especially in opposing slavery.
Thomas Charles Edwards was a Welsh minister, writer and academic who was the first Principal of the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth.
Thomas Vincent was an English Puritan minister and author. He is referenced as a main character featured in "The Living," by Anthony Clarvoe, a play about 1665 plague London.
Frodsham Hodson (1770–1822) was an English churchman and academic, the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford from 1809.
John Brekell (1697–1769) was an English presbyterian minister and theological writer.
Samuel Morton Savage (1721–1791) was an English nonconformist minister and dissenting tutor.
Thomas Playfere was an English churchman and theologian, Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity at Cambridge from 1596.
Moses Lowman (1680–1752) was an English nonconformist minister, known as a Biblical commentator.
John Johnson (1706–1791) was an English Baptist minister, the founder of a sect that became known as Johnsonian Baptists.
Israel Worsley (1768−1836) was an English Unitarian minister.
Richard Cope (1776–1856) was an English congregationalist minister and religious writer.
Edward Higginson was an English Unitarian minister and author.
John Gooch Robberds (1789–1854) was an English Unitarian minister in Manchester.
John Kentish was an English Unitarian minister.
John Hannah D.D., called the elder (1792–1867) was an English Wesleyan Methodist minister.
Miles Martindale (1756–1824) was an English Wesleyan minister.
John Edmondson Manning (1848–1910) was an English Unitarian minister.
Edward Pearson (1756–1811) was an English academic and theologian, Master of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge from 1808.
William Howels (1778–1832) was a Welsh priest of the Church of England, known as an evangelical preacher.