Thomas Stackhouse

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Thomas Stackhouse (1677–1752) was an English theologian and controversialist.

Contents

Thomas Stackhouse, 1743 engraving by George Vertue, after John Wollaston. Thomas Stackhouse Vertue.jpg
Thomas Stackhouse, 1743 engraving by George Vertue, after John Wollaston.

Life

The son of John Stackhouse (d. 1734), who became rector of Boldon in County Durham, and uncle of John Stackhouse, he was born at Witton-le-Wear where his father was then curate. On 3 April 1694 he entered at St. John's College, Cambridge and was B.A. when ordained in 1704. [1]

County Durham County of England

County Durham is a county in North East England. The county town is Durham, a cathedral city. The largest settlement is Darlington, closely followed by Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees. It borders Tyne and Wear to the north east, Northumberland to the north, Cumbria to the west and North Yorkshire to the south. The county's historic boundaries stretch between the rivers Tyne and Tees, thus including places such as Gateshead, Jarrow, South Shields and Sunderland.

John Stackhouse (botanist) British botanist

John Stackhouse was an English botanist, primarily interested in Spermatophytes, algae and mycology. He was born in Probus, Cornwall and built Acton Castle, above Stackhouse Cove, Cornwall in order to further his studies in the propagation of algae from their spores. He was the author of Nereis Britannica; or a Botanical Description of British Marine Plants, in Latin and English, accompanied with Drawings from Nature (1797).

Witton-le-Wear village in the United Kingdom

Witton-le-Wear is a small village in County Durham, North East England. It is situated on the north bank of the River Wear, 6 km (3.7 mi) to the north-west of Bishop Auckland.

From 1701 to 1704 Stackhouse was headmaster of Hexham Grammar School, and on 28 December 1704 he was ordained priest in London. He then became curate of Shepperton in Middlesex, and from 1713 was minister of the English church at Amsterdam. In 1731 he was curate of Finchley.

Queen Elizabeth High School, Hexham school in Hexham, England

Queen Elizabeth High School (QEHS) is a community high school in Hexham, Northumberland, England.

Shepperton town in Surrey, south-east England; historically in the County of Middlesex

Shepperton is a suburban village in the borough of Spelthorne, in the county of Surrey in England, 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Charing Cross, London, bounded by the Thames to the south and much of the east and which is in the northwest bisected by the M3 motorway. Shepperton is equidistant between the towns of Chertsey and Sunbury-on-Thames. Shepperton is mentioned in a document of 959 AD and in the Domesday Book, where it was an agricultural village.

Middlesex historic county of England

Middlesex is an ancient county in southeast England. It is now entirely within the wider urbanised area of London. Its area is now also mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties. It was established in the Anglo-Saxon system from the territory of the Middle Saxons, and existed as an official unit until 1965. The historic county includes land stretching north of the River Thames from 17 miles (27 km) west to 3 miles (5 km) east of the City of London with the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The largely low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, was the second smallest county by area in 1831.

For some time Stackhouse lived in poverty. He was rescued by his appointment in the summer of 1733 to the vicarage of Beenham, Berkshire. [2] In 1737 he had a house in Theobald's Court, London; in 1741 he was living at Chelsea.

Beenham village in the United Kingdom

Beenham is a village and civil parish centred 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Newbury in the West Berkshire district of Berkshire, England, United Kingdom.

Berkshire County of England

Berkshire is one of the home counties in England. It was recognised by the Queen as the Royal County of Berkshire in 1957 because of the presence of Windsor Castle, and letters patent were issued in 1974. Berkshire is a county of historic origin, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council. The county town is Reading.

Chelsea, London area of central London, England

Chelsea is an affluent area of West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour. Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square Underground station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and Brompton, but it is considered that the area north of King's Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

Stackhouse died at Beenham on 11 October 1752, and was buried in the parish church, with a large interior monument. [2] [3]

Works

The major work of Stackhouse was his New History of the Holy Bible from the Beginning of the World to the Establishment of Christianity, which he brought out in numbers from 1733 and then published in three folio volumes in 1737. The genesis of the work was with two booksellers, John Wilford and Thomas Edlin; Stackhouse wrote a pamphlet about them. [4] A second edition came out in numbers in 1742–4, and was published in two folio volumes, with a dedication to his patron, Bishop Edmund Gibson. [5] It was then often reprinted, with additional notes, by other divines. John Trusler compiled from it in 1797 A Compendium of Sacred History.

John Wilford was an English bookseller.

Edmund Gibson British bishop

Edmund Gibson was a British divine who served as Bishop of Lincoln and Bishop of London, jurist, and antiquary.

Revd John Trusler (1735–1820) was an eccentric English divine, literary compiler, and medical empiric.

A Plan of the City of Babylon from the 1795 edition of The New History of the Holy Bible. Plan of Babylon Stackhouse.jpg
A Plan of the City of Babylon from the 1795 edition of The New History of the Holy Bible.

In 1722, as "A Clergyman of the Church of England", addressed a printed letter to Bishop John Robinson, on the "miseries and great hardships of the inferiour clergy in and about London". It was reissued, and the later editions had his name on the title-page.

John Robinson (bishop of London) English diplomat and prelate, born 1650

John Robinson was an English diplomat and prelate.

Besides sermons, Stackhouse published:

Stackhouse added to the third volume of the works of Archbishop William Dawes a supplement of a course of devotions. He is sometimes credited with the authorship of The Art of Shorthand on a New Plan, by "Thomas Stackhouse, A.M." [1760?].

Family

By his first wife, who died in 1709, Stackhouse had two sons, and by his second wife, Elizabeth Reynell, two sons and one daughter. Thomas Stackhouse, M.A. (1706–1784), the younger son by his first wife, married Hester Nash (d. 1794) in 1767, and died at Lisson Grove, London, in 1784. He wrote:

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References

  1. "Stackhouse, Thomas (STKS699T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1303517)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  3. Imperial Gazetteer of Britain John Marius Wilson (1870-72). (University of Portsmouth visionofbritain.org.uk website). Retrieved 2014-12-03
  4. Bookbinder, Bookprinter, and Bookseller confuted; or Author's Vindication of himself (1732)
  5. Mandelbrote, Scott. "Stackhouse, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26197.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : "Stackhouse, Thomas (1677-1752)". Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.