Thomas Standish (c. 1593 – October 1642) of Duxbury Hall, Lancashire was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1640 and 1642. Standish was a zealous Parliamentarian.
Duxbury Hall was a 19th-century country house in Duxbury Park estate in Duxbury Woods, Lancashire that has been demolished.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
Roundheads were the supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War (1641–1652). Also known as Parliamentarians, they fought against King Charles I of England and his supporters, known as the Cavaliers or Royalists, who claimed rule by absolute monarchy and the principle of the 'divine right of kings'. The goal of the Roundhead party was to give the Parliament supreme control over executive administration of the country/kingdom.
Standish was the son of Alexander Standish of Duxbury, educated at Queens' College, Cambridge and trained in law at Gray's Inn. He inherited the family manors of Duxbury and Duxbury Hall in 1622, on the death of his father.
Queens' College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. Queens' is one of the oldest and the largest colleges of the university, founded in 1448 by Margaret of Anjou, and has some of the most recognisable buildings in Cambridge. The college spans the river Cam, colloquially referred to as the "light side" and the "dark side", with the Mathematical Bridge connecting the two.
The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known as Gray's Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court in London. To be called to the bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, a person must belong to one of these Inns. Located at the intersection of High Holborn and Gray's Inn Road in Central London, the Inn is both a professional body and a provider of office accommodation (chambers) for many barristers. It is ruled by a governing council called "Pension", made up of the Masters of the Bench, and led by the Treasurer, who is elected to serve a one-year term. The Inn is known for its gardens, or Walks, which have existed since at least 1597.
He served as Prothonotary clerk of Common Bench for the Duchy of Lancaster from 1608 to 1635. During that time he was elected MP for Liverpool in 1626.
Liverpool was a borough constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs). In 1868, this was increased to three Members of Parliament.
In April 1640, he was elected Member of Parliament for Preston in the Short Parliament. He was re-elected in November 1640 and sat in the Long Parliament until his death in 1642.
Preston is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Sir Mark Hendrick, a member of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party.
The Short Parliament was a Parliament of England that was summoned by King Charles I of England on 20 February 1640 and sat from 13 April to 5 May 1640. It was so called because of its short life of only three weeks.
The Long Parliament was an English Parliament which lasted from 1640 until 1660. It followed the fiasco of the Short Parliament which had convened for only three weeks during the spring of 1640, and which in turn had followed an 11-year parliamentary absence. In September 1640, King Charles I issued writs summoning a parliament to convene on 3 November 1640. He intended it to pass financial bills, a step made necessary by the costs of the Bishops' Wars in Scotland. The Long Parliament received its name from the fact that, by Act of Parliament, it stipulated it could be dissolved only with agreement of the members; and, those members did not agree to its dissolution until 16 March 1660, after the English Civil War and near the close of the Interregnum.
Standish died at the age of 49 and was buried at Chorley chapel. He had married twice; firstly Anne Wingfield, daughter of Sir Thomas Wingfield of Letheringham, Suffolk, with whom he had three sons and two daughters and secondly Anne, the daughter of Christopher Whittingham, of London and Suffolk, with whom he had a further three sons and three daughters. His eldest son, Thomas supported the king's side in the Civil War and was killed in September 1642 while taking part in the attack on Manchester. Standish was succeeded in turn by younger sons Alexander, a Roundhead colonel who died in 1648 and Richard, MP for Lancashire and Preston, whose son and heir Richard was created a baronet in 1677.
Chorley is a town in Lancashire, England, 8.1 miles (13 km) north of Wigan, 10.8 miles (17 km) south west of Blackburn, 11 miles (18 km) north west of Bolton, 12 miles (19 km) south of Preston and 19.5 miles (31 km) north west of Manchester. The town's wealth came principally from the cotton industry.
Richard Standish was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1659 and 1660. He was a colonel in the Parliamentarian army in the English Civil War.
Adlington is a small town and civil parish in Lancashire, England, near the West Pennine Moors and the town of Chorley. Six miles northwest of Bolton, it became a separate parish in 1842 then grew into a town around the textile industry. It had a population of 5,270 at the 2001 census, but in the last decade this has risen by over 2,000 more people to 7,326. The measured population at the 2011 Census was 6,010.
Sir Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire was a politician in England in the seventeenth century who fell from favour in the reign of James II. His name is sometimes spelt as Chichele.
Sir Thomas Bowyer, 1st Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1642. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.
Thomas Eden was an English jurist, academic and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1645.
Sir Humphrey Wingfield was an English lawyer and Speaker of the House of Commons of England between 1533 and 1536.
William Heveningham (1604–1678) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1653. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War and was one of the Regicides of Charles I of England.
Richard Molyneux, 1st Viscount Molyneux (1594–1636) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1628 when he was created a peer.
Sir Edward Seymour, 3rd Baronet of Berry Pomeroy Castle was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1640 and 1688. He fought for the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.
Squire Bence was an English merchant, seafarer and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England from 1640 to 1648.
Richard Shuttleworth (1587–1669) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1640 and 1659.
Alexander Bence was an English merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England from 1640 to 1648 and in 1654. He supported the Parliamentarian side in the English Civil War.
Sir George Wentworth was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1642. He fought for the Royalist army in the English Civil War.
Sir John Strangways of Melbury House, Melbury Sampford, Somerset, and of Abbotsbury in Dorset, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1614 and 1666. He supported the Royalist side in the English Civil War.
Richard Winwood of Quainton, Buckinghamshire was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1641 and 1685.
Sir Robert Bindlosse, 1st Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1646 and 1660.
Roger Kirkby was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1642. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.
Sir Gilbert Hoghton, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1614 and 1640. He was a Royalist leader during the English Civil War.
Robert Hesketh was an English MP and High Sheriff.
|Parliament of England|
Parliament suspended since 1629
| Member of Parliament for Preston |
With: Richard Shuttleworth