Thomas Stanhope

Last updated

Sir Thomas Stanhope
Born1540
Died3 August 1596
Spouse(s)Margaret Port
Issue
Sir John Stanhope
Edward Stanhope
Anne Stanhope
Father Sir Michael Stanhope
MotherAnne Rawson

Sir Thomas Stanhope (1540 – 3 August 1596) was the son and heir of Sir Michael Stanhope, and a Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire.

Michael Stanhope (died 1552) English knight

Sir Michael Stanhope of Shelford in Nottinghamshire, was an influential courtier who was beheaded on Tower Hill, having been convicted of conspiring to assassinate John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, and others.

Nottinghamshire County of England

Nottinghamshire is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west. The traditional county town is Nottingham, though the county council is based in West Bridgford in the borough of Rushcliffe, at a site facing Nottingham over the River Trent.

Contents

Family

Thomas Stanhope was the eldest son of Sir Michael Stanhope and Anne Rawson (c.1515 – 20 February 1588), the daughter of Nicholas Rawson, of Aveley, Essex, and Beatrix Cooke (d. 14 January 1554), daughter of Sir Philip Cooke (d. 7 December 1503) and Elizabeth Belknap (died c. 6 March 1504), [1] [2]

Aveley town in Essex

Aveley is a small town within the Thurrock unitary authority in Essex, England, and forms one of its traditional Church of England parishes. It is a suburb of London located 16.3 miles (26.2 km) east of Charing Cross in London and within the eastern bounds of the M25 motorway.

Essex County of England

Essex is a county in the south-east of England, north-east of London. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the county. For government statistical purposes Essex is placed in the East of England region.

He had six brothers and four sisters, as recorded in the inscription on his mother's monument in Shelford church: [3] [4] [5]

Elizabeth I of England Queen regnant of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until 1603

Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the last of the five monarchs of the House of Tudor.

Council of the North administrative body of the Kingdom of England

The Council of the North was an administrative body set up in 1472 by King Edward IV of England, the first Yorkist monarch to hold the Crown of England, to improve government control and economic prosperity, to benefit all of Northern England. Edward's brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester was its first Lord President.

Chigwell a town in Epping Forest, United Kindom

Chigwell is a town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. Adjacent to the northern boundary of Greater London, it is part of the metropolitan area of London and the Greater London Built-up Area. It is on the Central line of the London Underground.

Career

Stanhope was twelve years old when his father was executed in 1552. He lived at Shelford Priory Nottinghamshire.

Shelford Priory

Shelford Priory, is a former Augustinian Monastery, located in the village of Shelford, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom. The priory was founded by Ralph Haunselyn around 1160–80 and dissolved in 1536. Nothing remains of the priory. Following dissolution it was granted to Michael Stanhope, and c.1600 Shelford Manor was constructed on the site. The manor was fortified and then burnt down during the English Civil War. The house was reconstructed c.1678, however, it was altered in the 18th and 19th centuries. It is now known as Shelford Manor Farm.

In 1562 he was appointed Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire and in 1574 and 1587 High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire. In 1586 and 1593 he was elected knight of the shire (MP) for Nottinghamshire. He was knighted in 1575.

The High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and the Royal Forests is a position established by the Normans in England.

Knight of the shire was the formal title for a member of parliament (MP) representing a county constituency in the British House of Commons, from its origins in the medieval Parliament of England until the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 ended the practice of each county forming a single constituency. The corresponding titles for other MPs were burgess in a borough constituency and baron for a Cinque Ports constituency. Knights of the shire had more prestige than burgesses, and sitting burgesses often stood for election for the shire in the hope of increasing their standing in Parliament.

Nottinghamshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs), traditionally known as Knights of the Shire.

In 1596 he died in debt, partly caused by the cost of rebuilding Shelford Priory.

Marriage and issue

Stanhope married Margaret Port, the daughter of Sir John Port of Etwall and Cubley, Derbyshire, by Elizabeth Gifford.

Children:

Notes

  1. Stanhope 1855 , p. 10; Richardson IV 2011 , p. 144.
  2. Sir Philip Cooke and Elizabeth Belknap were the great-grandparents of Mildred Cooke, Lady Burghley.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Brown 1882 , p. 109.
  4. Marshall 1871 , p. 7; Dockray 2004.
  5. Monuments in Shelford church, Shelford & Nottingham Church History Project Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  6. 1 2 Stanhope 1855 , p. 10.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Marshall 1871 , p. 8.
  8. 'Chigwell', The Environs of London: volume 4: Counties of Herts, Essex & Kent (1796), pp. 111-129 Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  9. Seddon 2004.

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