Thomas Stanley (bishop)

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Thomas Stanley was a sixteenth-century, English Reformation-era Bishop of Sodor and Man. [1]

English Reformation Separation of the Church of England from the Pope of Rome

The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th-century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. These events were, in part, associated with the wider process of the European Protestant Reformation, a religious and political movement that affected the practice of Christianity across western and central Europe during this period. Many factors contributed to the process: the decline of feudalism and the rise of nationalism, the rise of the common law, the invention of the printing press and increased circulation of the Bible, and the transmission of new knowledge and ideas among scholars, the upper and middle classes and readers in general. However, the various phases of the English Reformation, which also covered Wales and Ireland, were largely driven by changes in government policy, to which public opinion gradually accommodated itself.

Bishop of Sodor and Man Diocesan bishop in the Church of England

The Bishop of Sodor and Man is the Ordinary of the Diocese of Sodor and Man in the Province of York in the Church of England. The diocese only covers the Isle of Man. The Cathedral Church of St German where the bishop's seat is located, is in the town of Peel. St German's was elevated to cathedral status on 1 November 1980.

Allegedly the natural son of Sir Edward Stanley, of Hornby Castle, Lancashire, [1] on account of his bastardy, he obtained leave from the Pope to hold his preferments, especially the rectory of Wigan. In 1513 he became rector of Badworth (Wigan), a post he held until 1549 and shortly after he was appointed rector of Barwick, he became prebendary (canon) of Thorngate from 1528 to 1530.

Edward Stanley, 1st Baron Monteagle English nobleman

Edward Stanley, 1st Baron MonteagleKG (1460?–1523) was an English soldier who became a peer and Knight of the Garter. He is known for his deeds at the Battle of Flodden.

Hornby Castle, Lancashire country house in the Lune Valley, Lancashire, England

Hornby Castle is a country house, developed from a medieval castle, standing to the east of the village of Hornby in the Lune Valley, Lancashire, England. It occupies a position overlooking the village in a curve of the River Wenning. The house is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building.

Wigan Town in Greater Manchester, England

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He was elevated to the bishopric of Sodor and Man in 1542. His diocese was removed from the province of Canterbury and united with that of York, and his opposition to this move led to his being deposed in 1545. [2] After an interval of over a dozen years, he was restored to the bishopric in 1556 then subsequently confirmed as such and appointed as Governor of the Isle of Man by the Roman Catholic Mary I of England. [2]

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York Historic city in the north of England

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A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected. The power of the individual governor can vary dramatically between political systems, with some governors having only nominal or largely ceremonial power, while others having a complete control over the entire government.

During the time of his suspension from the bishopric he became, in 1552, rector of the valuable living of Winwick in Lancashire on the presentation of his cousin Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, and in 1557, Rector of North Meols (Wigan).

Winwick, Cheshire a village located in Warrington, United Kingdom

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Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby 16th-century English noble

Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby KG was an English nobleman and politician.

Notoriously absent, however, his neglect of his many responsibilities, was commented on in a letter written by James Pilkington, Bishop of Durham, to Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, in which he says, "The Bishop of Man, Thomas Stanley, liveth here at his ease as merry as Pope Joan." [3] It would seem from this that to his other preferments he had added a canonry at Durham Cathedral. In fact, he was only imitating a number of the beneficed clergy of his time who absented themselves from their livings that they might be more free to enjoy themselves.

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References

  1. 1 2 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004.
  2. 1 2 Winwick: Its History and Antiquities. William Beamont, Second edition, 1897.
  3. Hist. Lanc. iii. 100, and Archbishop Parker Correspondence, cited also in Beamont, above.
Religious titles
Preceded by
John Howden
Bishop of Sodor and Man
? – deprived 1545
Succeeded by
Henry Man
Preceded by
Henry Man
Bishop of Sodor and Man
restored 1555/56 – 1568
Succeeded by
John Salisbury