Thomas Steele (politician)

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Thomas Steele (17 November 1753 – 8 December 1823) was a British politician at the turn of the nineteenth century. [1]

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

He was born the eldest son of Thomas Steele, Recorder of Chichester and educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge.

Westminster School school in Westminster, London, England

Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Boys are admitted at age seven and thirteen, and girls at sixteen to the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders.

Trinity College, Cambridge constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.

After studying law at the Middle Temple he was elected as MP for Chichester in 1780, holding the seat until 1807.

Middle Temple one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known simply as Middle Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court exclusively entitled to call their members to the English Bar as barristers, the others being the Inner Temple, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn. It is located in the wider Temple area of London, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

Chichester (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Chichester is a constituency in West Sussex, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Gillian Keegan of the Conservative Party.

He held the post of Joint Secretary to the Treasury from 1783 to 1791, Joint Paymaster of the Forces from 1791 to 1804, and King's Remembrancer from 1797 to 1823. He was a friend of William Pitt the Younger. [2]

In the United Kingdom, there are several Secretaries to the Treasury, who are Treasury ministers nominally acting as secretaries to HM Treasury. The origins of the office are unclear, although it probably originated during Lord Burghley's tenure as Lord Treasurer in the 16th century. The number of secretaries was expanded to two by 1714 at the latest. The Treasury ministers together discharge all the former functions of the Lord Treasurer, which are nowadays nominally vested in the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. Of the Commissioners, only the Second Lord of the Treasury, who is also the Chancellor of the Exchequer, is a Treasury minister.

The Paymaster of the Forces was a position in the British government. The office was established 1661 one year after the Restoration of the Monarchy to King Charles II, and was responsible for part of the financing of the British Army, in the improved form created by Oliver Cromwell during the Commonwealth. The full title was Paymaster-General of His Majesty's Forces. It was abolished in 1836, near the end of the reign of King William IV, and was replaced by the new post of Paymaster General.

William Pitt the Younger 18th/19th-century British statesman

William Pitt the Younger was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries. He became the youngest UK Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24. He left office in 1801, but served as Prime Minister again from 1804 until his death in 1806. He was Chancellor of the Exchequer for most of his time as Prime Minister.

He died in 1823. He had married Charlotte Amelia, the daughter of Sir David Lindsay, 4th Baronet, of Evelick, Perth and had a son and two daughters. Steel(e) Point, on Sydney Harbour, Australia, was named for him when he was Joint Secretary to the Treasury during the time of Arthur Phillip's governorship.

Arthur Phillip 18th and 19th-century British naval officer, Governor of New South Wales

Admiral Arthur Phillip was a Royal Navy officer and the first Governor of New South Wales who founded the British penal colony that later became the city of Sydney, Australia.

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References

  1. "STEELE, Thomas (1753-1823), of Westhampnett, nr. Chichester, Suss". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  2. "'He was something between God and man'". Telegraph. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Keppel
Thomas Conolly
Member of Parliament for Chichester
17801801
With: William Keppel 1780–1782
Percy Charles Wyndham 1782–1784
George White-Thomas 1784–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Chichester
18011807
With: George White-Thomas
Succeeded by
George White-Thomas
James du Pre
Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Burke
Secretary to the Treasury
(junior)

1783–1791
Succeeded by
Charles Long
Preceded by
Constantine Phipps
Marquess of Graham
Paymaster of the Forces
1791–1804
With: Dudley Ryder 1791–1800
George Canning 1800–1801
Sylvester Douglas 1801–1803
John Hiley Addington 1803–1804
Succeeded by
George Rose
Lord Charles Somerset
Preceded by
Edward James Eliot
King's Remembrancer
1797–1823
Succeeded by
Henry William Vincent