Thomas Steele (17 November 1753 – 8 December 1823) was a British politician at the turn of the nineteenth century.
The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
He was born the eldest son of Thomas Steele, Recorder of Chichester and educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge.
Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Boys are admitted at age seven and thirteen, and girls at sixteen to the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders.
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.
After studying law at the Middle Temple he was elected as MP for Chichester in 1780, holding the seat until 1807.
The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known simply as Middle Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court exclusively entitled to call their members to the English Bar as barristers, the others being the Inner Temple, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn. It is located in the wider Temple area of London, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.
Chichester is a constituency in West Sussex, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Gillian Keegan of the Conservative Party.
He held the post of Joint Secretary to the Treasury from 1783 to 1791, Joint Paymaster of the Forces from 1791 to 1804, and King's Remembrancer from 1797 to 1823. He was a friend of William Pitt the Younger.
In the United Kingdom, there are several Secretaries to the Treasury, who are Treasury ministers nominally acting as secretaries to HM Treasury. The origins of the office are unclear, although it probably originated during Lord Burghley's tenure as Lord Treasurer in the 16th century. The number of secretaries was expanded to two by 1714 at the latest. The Treasury ministers together discharge all the former functions of the Lord Treasurer, which are nowadays nominally vested in the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. Of the Commissioners, only the Second Lord of the Treasury, who is also the Chancellor of the Exchequer, is a Treasury minister.
The Paymaster of the Forces was a position in the British government. The office was established 1661 one year after the Restoration of the Monarchy to King Charles II, and was responsible for part of the financing of the British Army, in the improved form created by Oliver Cromwell during the Commonwealth. The full title was Paymaster-General of His Majesty's Forces. It was abolished in 1836, near the end of the reign of King William IV, and was replaced by the new post of Paymaster General.
William Pitt the Younger was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries. He became the youngest UK Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24. He left office in 1801, but served as Prime Minister again from 1804 until his death in 1806. He was Chancellor of the Exchequer for most of his time as Prime Minister.
He died in 1823. He had married Charlotte Amelia, the daughter of Sir David Lindsay, 4th Baronet, of Evelick, Perth and had a son and two daughters. Steel(e) Point, on Sydney Harbour, Australia, was named for him when he was Joint Secretary to the Treasury during the time of Arthur Phillip's governorship.
Admiral Arthur Phillip was a Royal Navy officer and the first Governor of New South Wales who founded the British penal colony that later became the city of Sydney, Australia.
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, was a British Pittite Tory and politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1806 to 1807, though he was a supporter of the British Whig Party for the duration of the Napoleonic Wars.
Francis Godolphin Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds,, styled Marquess of Carmarthen until 1789, was a British politician. He notably served as Foreign Secretary under William Pitt the Younger from 1783 to 1791. He also was Governor of Scilly. As a statesman he is generally regarded as a failure, and his deep hostility to the newly independent United States of America damaged relations between the two countries.
Thomas Pelham, 2nd Earl of Chichester PC, PC (Ire), FRS, styled The Honourable Thomas Pelham from 1768 until 1783, The Right Honourable Thomas Pelham from 1783 to 1801, and then known as Lord Pelham until 1805, was a British Whig politician. He notably held office as Home Secretary under Henry Addington from 1801 to 1803.
Earl of Chichester is a title that has been created three times in British history. The current title was created in 1801 for Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baron Pelham of Stanmer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Alexander James Dallas was an American statesman who served as the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President James Madison.
Richard Rush was the 8th United States Attorney General and the 8th United States Secretary of the Treasury. He also served as John Quincy Adams's running mate on the National Republican ticket in 1828.
William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans, known as William Elliot until 1823, was a British diplomat and politician.
John Nelson was Attorney General of the United States from 1843 to 1845 under John Tyler.
Winthrop Sargent was a United States patriot, politician, and writer; and a member of the Federalist party.
Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue, 2nd Baron Clermont and 1st Baron Carlingford,, known as Chichester Fortescue until 1863 and as Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue between 1863 and 1874 and Lord Carlingford after 1874, was a British Liberal politician of the 19th century.
Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay, Baron Jay, PC was a British Labour Party politician.
The Monro of Fyrish family were a Scottish family and branch of the ancient highland Clan Munro. The family produced a notable dynasty of doctors to London in the 18th and 19th century where they were involved in early work on curing 'insanity'. Four generations occupied successively the position of (Principal) Physician of the notorious Bethlem Hospital (Bedlam). They were also leading members of a variety of important medical associations. Other members were painters, priests and philanthropists of note and one was an important early patron to J. M. W. Turner.
Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton PC was an English politician. He was also an amateur etcher, and a cartoonist.
Thomas Hay, 9th Earl of KinnoullPC, styled Viscount Dupplin from 1719 to 1758, was a Scottish peer, British politician, and scholar.
Sir Thomas Miller, 5th Baronet, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1774 and 1816.
Sylvester Douglas, 1st Baron Glenbervie of Kincardine PC, KC, FRS, FRSE, FSA was a British lawyer, politician and diarist. He was Chief Secretary for Ireland between 1793 and 1794.
Grey Cooper was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1765 and 1790 and was Secretary to the Treasury under various administrations.
Sir William Clay, 1st Baronet was an English Liberal Party politician.
Snowdon Barne was a lawyer and a British Member of Parliament, who represented the Dunwich seat from 1796-1812.
William Mellish was a British government administrator and Member of Parliament.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Chichester |
With: William Keppel 1780–1782
Percy Charles Wyndham 1782–1784
George White-Thomas 1784–1801
Parliament of the United Kingdom
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Parliament of Great Britain
| Member of Parliament for Chichester |
With: George White-Thomas
James du Pre
| Secretary to the Treasury |
Marquess of Graham
| Paymaster of the Forces |
With: Dudley Ryder 1791–1800
George Canning 1800–1801
Sylvester Douglas 1801–1803
John Hiley Addington 1803–1804
Lord Charles Somerset
Edward James Eliot
| King's Remembrancer |
Henry William Vincent
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